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This registry exists to help people discover and share datasets that are available via AWS resources. See recent additions and learn more about sharing data on AWS.

Get started using data quickly by viewing all tutorials with associated SageMaker Studio Lab notebooks.

See all usage examples for datasets listed in this registry.

See datasets from Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence (AI2), Digital Earth Africa, Data for Good at Meta, NASA Space Act Agreement, NIH STRIDES, NOAA Open Data Dissemination Program, Space Telescope Science Institute, and Amazon Sustainability Data Initiative.


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If you want to add a dataset or example of how to use a dataset to this registry, please follow the instructions on the Registry of Open Data on AWS GitHub repository.

Unless specifically stated in the applicable dataset documentation, datasets available through the Registry of Open Data on AWS are not provided and maintained by AWS. Datasets are provided and maintained by a variety of third parties under a variety of licenses. Please check dataset licenses and related documentation to determine if a dataset may be used for your application.


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The Human Sleep Project

bioinformaticsdeep learninglife sciencesmachine learningmedicineneurophysiologyneuroscience

The Human Sleep Project (HSP) sleep physiology dataset is a growing collection of clinical polysomnography (PSG) recordings. Beginning with PSG recordings from from ~15K patients evaluated at the Massachusetts General Hospital, the HSP will grow over the coming years to include data from >200K patients, as well as people evaluated outside of the clinical setting. This data is being used to develop CAISR (Complete AI Sleep Report), a collection of deep neural networks, rule-based algorithms, and signal processing approaches designed to provide better-than-human detection of conventional PSG...

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The Cancer Genome Atlas

cancergenomiclife sciencesSTRIDESwhole genome sequencing

The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), a collaboration between the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), aims to generate comprehensive, multi-dimensional maps of the key genomic changes in major types and subtypes of cancer. TCGA has analyzed matched tumor and normal tissues from 11,000 patients, allowing for the comprehensive characterization of 33 cancer types and subtypes, including 10 rare cancers. The dataset contains open Clinical Supplement, Biospecimen Supplement, RNA-Seq Gene Expression Quantification, miRNA-Seq Isoform Expression Quantificati...

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Foldingathome COVID-19 Datasets

alchemical free energy calculationsbiomolecular modelingcoronavirusCOVID-19foldingathomehealthlife sciencesmolecular dynamicsproteinSARS-CoV-2simulationsstructural biology

Folding@home is a massively distributed computing project that uses biomolecular simulations to investigate the molecular origins of disease and accelerate the discovery of new therapies. Run by the Folding@home Consortium, a worldwide network of research laboratories focusing on a variety of different diseases, Folding@home seeks to address problems in human health on a scale that is infeasible by another other means, sharing the results of these large-scale studies with the research community through peer-reviewed publications and publicly shared datasets. During the COVID-19 epidemic, Folding@home focused its resources on understanding the vulnerabilities in SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19 disease, and working closely with a number of experimental collaborators to accelerate progress toward effective therapies for treating COVID-19 and ending the pandemic. In the process, it created the world's first exascale distributed computing resource, enabling it to generate valuable scientific datasets of unprecedented size. More information about Folding@home's COVID-19 research activities at the Folding@home COVID-19 page. In addition to working directly with experimental collaborators and rapidly sharing new research findings through preprint servers, Folding@home has joined other researchers in committing to rapidly share all COVID-19 research data, and has joined forces with AWS and the Molecular Sciences Software Institute (MolSSI) to share datasets of unprecedented side through the AWS Open Data Registry, indexing these massive datasets via the MolSSI COVID-19 Molecular Structure and Therapeutics Hub. The complete index of all Folding@home datasets can be found here. Th...

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Therapeutically Applicable Research to Generate Effective Treatments (TARGET)

cancergenomiclife sciencesSTRIDESwhole genome sequencing

Therapeutically Applicable Research to Generate Effective Treatments (TARGET) is the collaborative effort of a large, diverse consortium of extramural and NCI investigators. The goal of the effort is to accelerate molecular discoveries that drive the initiation and progression of hard-to-treat childhood cancers and facilitate rapid translation of those findings into the clinic. TARGET projects provide comprehensive molecular characterization to determine the genetic changes that drive the initiation and progression of childhood cancers.The dataset contains open Clinical Supplement, Biospecimen...

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Sentinel-2

agriculturedisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystac

The Sentinel-2 mission is a land monitoring constellation of two satellites that provide high resolution optical imagery and provide continuity for the current SPOT and Landsat missions. The mission provides a global coverage of the Earth's land surface every 5 days, making the data of great use in on-going studies. L1C data are available from June 2015 globally. L2A data are available from November 2016 over Europe region and globally since January 2017.

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USGS Landsat

agriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystac

This joint NASA/USGS program provides the longest continuous space-based record of Earth’s land in existence. Every day, Landsat satellites provide essential information to help land managers and policy makers make wise decisions about our resources and our environment. Data is provided for Landsats 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, and 9 (excludes Landsat 6).As of June 28, 2023 (announcement), the previous single SNS topic arn:aws:sns:us-west-2:673253540267:public-c2-notify was replaced with three new SNS topics for different types of scenes.

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Sudachi Language Resources

natural language processing

Japanese dictionaries and pre-trained models (word embeddings and language models) for natural language processing. SudachiDict is the dictionary for a Japanese tokenizer (morphological analyzer) Sudachi. chiVe is Japanese pretrained word embeddings (word vectors), trained using the ultra-large-scale web corpus NWJC by National...

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CZ CELLxGENE Discover Census

bioinformaticscell biologysingle-cell transcriptomicstranscriptomics

CZ CELLxGENE Discover (cellxgene.cziscience.com) is a free-to-use platform for the exploration, analysis, and retrieval of single-cell data. CZ CELLxGENE Discover hosts the largest aggregation of standardized single-cell data from the major human and mouse tissues, with modalities that include gene expression, chromatin accessibility, DNA methylation, and spatial transcriptomics. This year, CZ CELLxGENE Discover has made available all of its human and mouse RNA single-cell data through Census (https://chanzuckerberg.github.io/cellxgene-census/) – a free-to-use service with an API and data that...

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Gabriella Miller Kids First Pediatric Research Program (Kids First)

cancergeneticgenomicHomo sapienslife sciencespediatricSTRIDESstructural birth defectwhole genome sequencing

The NIH Common Fund's Gabriella Miller Kids First Pediatric Research Program’s (“Kids First”) vision is to “alleviate suffering from childhood cancer and structural birth defects by fostering collaborative research to uncover the etiology of these diseases and by supporting data sharing within the pediatric research community.” The program continues to generate and share whole genome sequence data from thousands of children affected by these conditions, ranging from rare pediatric cancers, such as osteosarcoma, to more prevalent diagnoses, such as congenital heart defects. In 2018, Kids Fi...

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NASA Prediction of Worldwide Energy Resources (POWER)

agricultureair qualityanalyticsarchivesatmosphereclimateclimate modeldata assimilationdeep learningearth observationenergyenvironmentalforecastgeosciencegeospatialglobalhistoryimagingindustrymachine learningmachine translationmetadatameteorologicalmodelnetcdfopendapradiationsatellite imagerysolarstatisticssustainabilitytime series forecastingwaterweatherzarr

NASA's goal in Earth science is to observe, understand, and model the Earth system to discover how it is changing, to better predict change, and to understand the consequences for life on Earth. The Applied Sciences Program serves NASA and Society by expanding and accelerating the realization of societal and economic benefits from Earth science, information, and technology research and development.

The NASA Prediction Of Worldwide Energy Resources (POWER) Project, a NASA Applied Sciences program, improves the accessibility and usage NASA Earth Observations (EO) supporting community research in three focus areas: 1) renewable energy development, 2) building energy efficiency, and 3) agroclimatology applications. POWER can help communities be resilient amid observed climate variability through the easy access of solar and meteorological data via a variety of access methods.

The latest POWER version includes hourly-based source Analysis Ready Data (ARD), in addition to enhanced daily, monthly, annual, and climatology ARD. The daily time-series spans 40 years for meteorology available from 1981 and solar-based parameters start in 1984. The hourly source data are from Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) and Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO), spanning 20 years from 2001. The hourly data will provide users the ARD needed to model the energy performance of building systems, providing information directly amenable to decision support tools introducing the industry standard EPW (EnergyPlus Weather file).

POWER also provides parameters at daily, monthly, annual, and user-defined time periods, spanning from 1984 through to within a week of real time. Additionally, POWER provides are user-defined analytic capabilities, including custom climatologies and climatological-based reports for parameter anomalies, ASHRAE® compatible climate design condition statistics, and building climate zones.

The ARD and climate analytics will be readily accessible through POWER's integrated services suite, including the Data Access Viewer (DAV). The DAV has recently been improved to incorporate updated parameter groupings, new analytical capabilities, and the new data formats. POWER also provides a complete API (Application Programming Interface) that allows uses...

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NOAA Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) 16, 17 & 18

agriculturedisaster responseearth observationgeospatialmeteorologicalsatellite imageryweather



NOTICE: As of January 10th 2023, GOES-18 assumed the GOES-West position and all data files are deemed both operational and provisional, so no ‘preliminary, non-operational’ caveat is needed. GOES-17 is now offline, shifted approximately 105 degree West, where it will be in on-orbit storage. GOES-17 data will no longer flow into the GOES-17 bucket. Operational GOES-West products can be found in the GOES-18 bucket.

NEW GOES-18 Data!!! GOES-18 is now provisional and data has began streaming. Data files will be available between Provisional and the Operational Declaration of the satellite, however, data will have the caveat GOES-18 Preliminary, Non-Operational Data. The exception is during the interleave period when ABI Radiances and Cloud and Moisture Imagery data will be shared operationally via the NOAA Open Data Dissemination Program.

GOES satellites (GOES-16, GOES-17, & GOES-18) provide continuous weather imagery and monitoring of meteorological and space environment data across North America. GOES satelli
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NEXRAD on AWS

agricultureearth observationmeteorologicalnatural resourceweather

Real-time and archival data from the Next Generation Weather Radar (NEXRAD) network.

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Sentinel-2 Cloud-Optimized GeoTIFFs

agriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystac

The Sentinel-2 mission is a land monitoring constellation of two satellites that provide high resolution optical imagery and provide continuity for the current SPOT and Landsat missions. The mission provides a global coverage of the Earth's land surface every 5 days, making the data of great use in ongoing studies. This dataset is the same as the Sentinel-2 dataset, except the JP2K files were converted into Cloud-Optimized GeoTIFFs (COGs). Additionally, SpatioTemporal Asset Catalog metadata has were in a JSON file alongside the data, and a STAC API called Earth-search is freely available t...

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Terrain Tiles

agriculturedisaster responseearth observationelevationgeospatial

A global dataset providing bare-earth terrain heights, tiled for easy usage and provided on S3.

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Allen Cell Imaging Collections

biologycell biologycell imagingHomo sapiensimage processinglife sciencesmachine learningmicroscopy

This bucket contains multiple datasets (as Quilt packages) created by the Allen Institute for Cell Science. The types of data included in this bucket are listed below:

  1. Field of view or cropped images of cells
  2. Segmentations of structures in the images (e.g., boundaries of cells, DNA, other intracellular structures, etc.)
  3. Processed versions of the above images and segmentations
  4. Machine learning predictions and labels of the data listed above
  5. Models trained on the previously listed data
  6. Additional supporting non-image data related to the above listed data types (e.g., gene expression data, whole genome sequencing data, features derived from the images or model predictions, metadata)
External funding:The generation of some datasets was supported by the National Human Genome Research Institut...

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Inter-mission Time Series of Land Ice Velocity and Elevation (ITS_LIVE)

cogearth observationgeophysicsgeospatialglobalicenetcdfsatellite imagerystaczarr

The Inter-mission Time Series of Land Ice Velocity and Elevation (ITS_LIVE) project has a singular mission: to accelerate ice sheet and glacier research by producing globally comprehensive, high resolution, low latency, temporally dense, multi-sensor records of land ice and ice shelf change while minimizing barriers between the data and the user. ITS_LIVE data currently consists of NetCDF Level 2 scene-pair ice flow products posted to a standard 120 m grid derived from Landsat 4/5/7/8/9, Sentinel-2 optical scenes, and Sentinel-1 SAR scenes. We have processed all land-ice intersecting image pai...

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ESA WorldCover

agriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationgeospatialland coverland usemachine learningmappingnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsustainabilitysynthetic aperture radar

The European Space Agency (ESA) WorldCover product provides global land cover maps for 2020 & 2021 at 10 m resolution based on Copernicus Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 data. The WorldCover product comes with 11 land cover classes and has been generated in the framework of the ESA WorldCover project, part of the 5th Earth Observation Envelope Programme (EOEP-5) of the European Space Agency. A first version of the product (v100), containing the 2020 map was released in October 2021. The 2021 map was released in October 2022 using an improved algorithm (v200). The WorldCover 2020 and 2021 maps we...

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Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD)

bioinformaticsgeneticgenomiclife sciencespopulationpopulation geneticsshort read sequencingwhole genome sequencing

The Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD) is a resource developed by an international coalition of investigators that aggregates and harmonizes both exome and genome data from a wide range of large-scale human sequencing projects. The summary data provided here are released for the benefit of the wider scientific community without restriction on use. The v4 data set (GRCh38) spans 730,947 exome sequences and 76,215 whole-genome sequences from unrelated individuals, of diverse ancestries, sequenced sequenced as part of various disease-specific and population genetic studies. The gnomAD Principal Investigators and team can be found here, and the groups that have contributed data to the current release are listed here. Sign up for the gnomAD...

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GeoNet Aotearoa New Zealand Data

broadbandcoastalContinuously Operating Reference Station (CORS)earthquakesgeophysicsgeosciencegeoscienceGNSSGPSoceansRINEXseismology

GeoNet provides geological hazard information for Aotearoa New Zealand. This dataset contains data and products recorded by the GeoNet sensor network.

GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) data include raw data in proprietary and Receiver Independent Exchange Format (RINEX) and local tie-in survey conducted during equipment changes, more details can be found on the GeoNet geodetic page website.
Coastal gauge data include relative measurement of sea level measured by tsunami monitoring gauges. Raw and quality control data are provided in CREX format (Character Form for the Representtion and eXchange of metereological data), more details can be found on the GeoNet coastal tsunami monitoring gauges page.
Camera images data include webcam images from the GeoNet Volcano monitoring network and Built Environment Instrumentation Programme, more details can be found on the GeoNet camera page.
Waveform data include raw data from weak and strong motion instruments of the GeoNet seismic networks, more details can be found on the GeoNet seismic waveform page.
Seismic data products include strong motion derived data, more details can be found on the GeoNet Strong Motion products page.
Time Series data products include derived time...

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SpaceNet

computer visiondisaster responseearth observationgeospatialmachine learningsatellite imagery

SpaceNet, launched in August 2016 as an open innovation project offering a repository of freely available imagery with co-registered map features. Before SpaceNet, computer vision researchers had minimal options to obtain free, precision-labeled, and high-resolution satellite imagery. Today, SpaceNet hosts datasets developed by its own team, along with data sets from projects like IARPA’s Functional Map of the World (fMoW).

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The Singapore Nanopore Expression Data Set

bambioinformaticsfast5fastafastqgenomiclife scienceslong read sequencingshort read sequencingtranscriptomics

The Singapore Nanopore Expression (SG-NEx) project is an international collaboration to generate reference transcriptomes and a comprehensive benchmark data set for long read Nanopore RNA-Seq. Transcriptome profiling is done using PCR-cDNA sequencing (PCR-cDNA), amplification-free cDNA sequencing (direct cDNA), direct sequencing of native RNA (direct RNA), and short read RNA-Seq. The SG-NEx core data includes 5 of the most commonly used cell lines and it is extended with additional cell lines and samples that cover a broad range of human tissues. All core samples are sequenced with at least 3 ...

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2021 Amazon Last Mile Routing Research Challenge Dataset

amazon.scienceanalyticsdeep learninggeospatiallast milelogisticsmachine learningoptimizationroutingtransportationurban

The 2021 Amazon Last Mile Routing Research Challenge was an innovative research initiative led by Amazon.com and supported by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Center for Transportation and Logistics. Over a period of 4 months, participants were challenged to develop innovative machine learning-based methods to enhance classic optimization-based approaches to solve the travelling salesperson problem, by learning from historical routes executed by Amazon delivery drivers. The primary goal of the Amazon Last Mile Routing Research Challenge was to foster innovative applied research in r...

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Digital Earth Africa Global Mangrove Watch

coastalcogdeafricaearth observationgeospatialland covernatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsustainability

The Global Mangrove Watch (GMW) dataset is a result of the collaboration between Aberystwyth University (U.K.), solo Earth Observation (soloEO; Japan), Wetlands International the World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). The primary objective of producing this dataset is to provide countries lacking a national mangrove monitoring system with first cut mangrove extent and change maps, to help safeguard against further mangrove forest loss and degradation. The Global Mangrove Watch dataset (version 2) consists of a global baseline map of ...

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Digital Earth Africa Landsat Collection 2 Level 2

agriculturecogdeafricadisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystac

Digital Earth Africa (DE Africa) provides free and open access to a copy of Landsat Collection 2 Level-2 products over Africa. These products are produced and provided by the United States Geological Survey (USGS). The Landsat series of Earth Observation satellites, jointly led by USGS and NASA, have been continuously acquiring images of the Earth’s land surface since 1972. DE Africa provides data from Landsat 5, 7 and 8 satellites, including historical observations dating back to late 1980s and regularly updated new acquisitions. New Level-2 Landsat 7 and Landsat 8 data are available after 15...

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Fly Brain Anatomy: FlyLight Gen1 and Split-GAL4 Imagery

biologyfluorescence imagingimage processingimaginglife sciencesmicroscopyneurobiologyneuroimagingneuroscience

This data set, made available by Janelia's FlyLight project, consists of fluorescence images of Drosophila melanogaster driver lines, aligned to standard templates, and stored in formats suitable for rapid searching in the cloud. Additional data will be added as it is published.

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  • Scaling Neuroscience Research on AWS by Konrad Rokicki
  • A GAL4-Driver Line Resource for Drosophila Neurobiology by Arnim Jenett, Gerald M Rubin, Teri-TB Ngo, David Shepherd, Christine Murphy, Heather Dionne, Barret D Pfeiffer, Amanda Cavallaro, Donald Hall, Jennifer Jeter, Nirmala Iyer, Dona Fetter, Joanna H Hausenfluck, Hanchuan Peng, Eric T Trautman, Robert R Svirskas, Eugene W Myers, Zbigniew R Iwinski, Yoshinori Aso, Gina M DePasquale, Adrianne Enos, Phuson Hulamm, Shing Chun Benny Lam, Hsing-Hsi Li, Todd R Laverty, Fuhui Long, Lei Qu, Sean D Murphy, Konrad Rokicki, Todd Safford, Kshiti Shaw, Julie H Simpson, Allison Sowell, Susana Tae, Yang Yu, Christopher T Zugates
  • An unbiased template of the Drosophila brain and ventral nerve cord by John A Bogovic, Hideo Otsuna, Larissa Heinrich, Masayoshi Ito, Jennifer Jeter, Geoffrey Meissner, Aljoscha Nern, Jennifer Colonell, Oz Malkesman, Kei Ito, Stephan Saalfeld
  • Using Imagery on AWS S3 by Rob Svirskas
  • An image resource of subdivided Drosophila GAL4-driver expression patterns for neuron-level searches by Geoffrey W Meissner, Zachary Dorman, Aljoscha Nern, Kaitlyn Forster, Theresa Gibney, Jennifer Jeter, Lauren Johnson, Yisheng He, Kelley Lee, Brian Melton, Brianna Yarbrough, Jody Clements, Cristian Goina, Hideo Otsuna, Konrad Rokicki, Robert R Svirskas, Yoshinori Aso, Gwyneth M Card, Barry J Dickson, Erica Ehrhardt, Jens Goldammer, Masayoshi Ito, Wyatt Korff, Ryo Minegishi, Shigehiro Namiki, Gerald M Rubin, Gabriella Sterne, Tanya Wolff, Oz Malkesman, FlyLight Project Team

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Digital Earth Africa CHIRPS Rainfall

agricultureclimatecogdeafricaearth observationfood securitygeospatialmeteorologicalsatellite imagerystacsustainability

Digital Earth Africa (DE Africa) provides free and open access to a copy of the Climate Hazards Group InfraRed Precipitation with Station data (CHIRPS) monthly and daily products over Africa. The CHIRPS rainfall maps are produced and provided by the Climate Hazards Center in collaboration with the US Geological Survey, and use both rain gauge and satellite observations. The CHIRPS-2.0 Africa Monthly dataset is regularly indexed to DE Africa from the CHIRPS monthly data. The CHIRPS-2.0 Africa Daily dataset is likewise indexed from the CHIRPS daily data. Both products have been converted to clou...

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Digital Earth Africa Coastlines

climatecoastaldeafricaearth observationgeospatialsatellite imagerysustainability

Africa's long and dynamic coastline is subject to a wide range of pressures, including extreme weather and climate, sea level rise and human development. Understanding how the coastline responds to these pressures is crucial to managing this region, from social, environmental and economic perspectives. The Digital Earth Africa Coastlines (provisional) is a continental dataset that includes annual shorelines and rates of coastal change along the entire African coastline from 2000 to the present. The product combines satellite data from the Digital Earth Africa program with tidal modelling t...

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Digital Earth Africa GeoMAD

agriculturecogdeafricadisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystac

GeoMAD is the Digital Earth Africa (DE Africa) surface reflectance geomedian and triple Median Absolute Deviation data service. It is a cloud-free composite of satellite data compiled over specific timeframes. The geomedian component combines measurements collected over the specified timeframe to produce one representative, multispectral measurement for every pixel unit of the African continent. The end result is a comprehensive dataset that can be used to generate true-colour images for visual inspection of anthropogenic or natural landmarks. The full spectral dataset can be used to develop m...

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Digital Earth Africa Water Observations from Space

agriculturecogdeafricadisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacwater

Water Observations from Space (WOfS) is a service that draws on satellite imagery to provide historical surface water observations of the whole African continent. WOfS allows users to understand the location and movement of inland and coastal water present in the African landscape. It shows where water is usually present; where it is seldom observed; and where inundation of the surface has been observed by satellite. They are generated using the WOfS classification algorithm on Landsat satellite data. There are several WOfS products available for the African continent including scene-level dat...

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International Neuroimaging Data-Sharing Initiative (INDI)

Homo sapiensimaginglife sciencesmagnetic resonance imagingneuroimagingneuroscience

This bucket contains multiple neuroimaging datasets that are part of the International Neuroimaging Data-Sharing Initiative. Raw human and non-human primate neuroimaging data include 1) Structural MRI; 2) Functional MRI; 3) Diffusion Tensor Imaging; 4) Electroencephalogram (EEG) In addition to the raw data, preprocessed data is also included for some datasets. A complete list of the available datasets can be seen in the documentation lonk provided below.

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NOAA Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS)

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather

Near Real Time JPSS data is now flowing! See bucket information on the right side of this page to access products!
Satellites in the JPSS constellation gather global measurements of atmospheric, terrestrial and oceanic conditions, including sea and land surface temperatures, vegetation, clouds, rainfall, snow and ice cover, fire locations and smoke plumes, atmospheric temperature, water vapor and ozone. JPSS delivers key observations for the Nation's essential products and services, including forecasting severe weather like hurricanes, tornadoes and blizzards days in advance, and assessin...

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NOAA Operational Forecast System (OFS)

climatecoastaldisaster responseenvironmentalmeteorologicaloceanswaterweather

ANNOUNCEMENTS: [NOS OFS Version Updates and Implementation of Upgraded Oceanographic Forecast Modeling Systems for Lakes Superior and Ontario; Effective October 25, 2022}(https://www.weather.gov/media/notification/pdf2/scn22-91_nos_loofs_lsofs_v3.pdf)

For decades, mariners in the United States have depended on NOAA's Tide Tables for the best estimate of expected water levels. These tables provide accurate predictions of the astronomical tide (i.e., the change in water level due to the gravitational effects of the moon and sun and the rotation of the Earth); however, they cannot predict water-level changes due to wind, atmospheric pressure, and river flow, which are often significant.

The National Ocean Service (NOS) has the mission and mandate to provide guidance and information to support navigation and coastal needs. To support this mission, NOS has been developing and implementing hydrodynamic model-based Operational Forecast Systems.

This forecast guidance provides oceanographic information that helps mariners safely navigate their local waters. This national network of hydrodynamic models provides users with operational nowcast and forecast guidance (out to 48 – 120 hours) on parameters such as water levels, water temperature, salinity, and currents. These forecast systems are implemented in critical ports, harbors, estuaries, Great Lakes and coastal waters of the United States, and form a national backbone of real-time data, tidal predictions, data management and operational modeling.

Nowcasts and forecasts are scientific predictions about the present and future states of water levels (and possibly currents and other relevant oceanographic variables, such as salinity and temperature) in a coastal area. These predictions rely on either observed data or forecasts from a numerical model. A nowcast incorporates recent (and often near real-time) observed meteorological, oceanographic, and/or river flow rate data. A nowcast covers the period from the recent past (e.g., the past few days) to the present, and it can make predictions for locations where observational data are not available. A forecast incorporates meteorological, oceanographic, and/or river flow rate forecasts and makes predictions for times where observational data will not be available. A forecast is usually initiated by the results of a nowcast.

OFS generally runs four times per day (every 6 hours) on NOAA's Weather and Climate Operational Supercomputing Systems (WCOSS) in a standard Coastal Ocean Modeling Framework (COMF) developed by the Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS). COMF is a set...

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RADARSAT-1

agriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationgeospatialglobalicesatellite imagerysynthetic aperture radar

Developed and operated by the Canadian Space Agency, it is Canada's first commercial Earth observation satellite.

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CBERS on AWS

agriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationgeospatialimagingsatellite imagerystac

Imagery acquired by the China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS), 4 and 4A. The image files are recorded and processed by Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE) and are converted to Cloud Optimized Geotiff format in order to optimize its use for cloud based applications. Contains all CBERS-4 MUX, AWFI, PAN5M and PAN10M scenes acquired since the start of the satellite mission and is daily updated with new scenes. CBERS-4A MUX Level 4 (Orthorectified) scenes are being ingested starting from 04-13-2021. CBERS-4A WFI Level 4 (Orthorectified) scenes are being ingested starting from ...

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Digital Earth Africa Sentinel-1 Radiometrically Terrain Corrected

agriculturecogdeafricadisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsynthetic aperture radar

DE Africa’s Sentinel-1 backscatter product is developed to be compliant with the CEOS Analysis Ready Data for Land (CARD4L) specifications. The Sentinel-1 mission, composed of a constellation of two C-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) satellites, are operated by European Space Agency (ESA) as part of the Copernicus Programme. The mission currently collects data every 12 days over Africa at a spatial resolution of approximately 20 m. Radar backscatter measures the amount of microwave radiation reflected back to the sensor from the ground surface. This measurement is sensitive to surface rough...

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Digital Earth Africa Sentinel-2 Level-2A

agriculturecogdeafricadisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystac

The Sentinel-2 mission is part of the European Union Copernicus programme for Earth observations. Sentinel-2 consists of twin satellites, Sentinel-2A (launched 23 June 2015) and Sentinel-2B (launched 7 March 2017). The two satellites have the same orbit, but 180° apart for optimal coverage and data delivery. Their combined data is used in the Digital Earth Africa Sentinel-2 product. Together, they cover all Earth’s land surfaces, large islands, inland and coastal waters every 3-5 days. Sentinel-2 data is tiered by level of pre-processing. Level-0, Level-1A and Level-1B data contain raw data fr...

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Maxar Open Data Program

cogdisaster responseearth observationgeospatialsatellite imagerystac

Pre and post event high-resolution satellite imagery in support of emergency planning, risk assessment, monitoring of staging areas and emergency response, damage assessment, and recovery. These images are generated using the Maxar ARD pipeline, tiled on an organized grid in analysis-ready cloud-optimized formats.

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Multi-Scale Ultra High Resolution (MUR) Sea Surface Temperature (SST)

climateearth observationenvironmentalnatural resourceoceanssatellite imagerywaterweather

A global, gap-free, gridded, daily 1 km Sea Surface Temperature (SST) dataset created by merging multiple Level-2 satellite SST datasets. Those input datasets include the NASA Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer-EOS (AMSR-E), the JAXA Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 (AMSR-2) on GCOM-W1, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometers (MODIS) on the NASA Aqua and Terra platforms, the US Navy microwave WindSat radiometer, the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) on several NOAA satellites, and in situ SST observations from the NOAA iQuam project. Data are available fro...

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Catalina Sky Survey (CSS) subset data on AWS

astronomyobject detectionplanetarysurvey

Raw data that discovers Near Earth Objects (NEOs) which potentially could impact Earth

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Department of Energy's Open Energy Data Initiative (OEDI)

energyenvironmentalgeospatiallidarmodelsolar

Data released under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Open Energy Data Initiative (OEDI). The Open Energy Data Initiative aims to improve and automate access of high-value energy data sets across the U.S. Department of Energy’s programs, offices, and national laboratories. OEDI aims to make data actionable and discoverable by researchers and industry to accelerate analysis and advance innovation.

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Digital Earth Africa ALOS PALSAR, ALOS-2 PALSAR-2 and JERS-1

agriculturecogdeafricadisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsynthetic aperture radar

The ALOS/PALSAR annual mosaic is a global 25 m resolution dataset that combines data from many images captured by JAXA’s PALSAR and PALSAR-2 sensors on ALOS-1 and ALOS-2 satellites respectively. This product contains radar measurement in L-band and in HH and HV polarizations. It has a spatial resolution of 25 m and is available annually for 2007 to 2010 (ALOS/PALSAR) and 2015 to 2020 (ALOS-2/PALSAR-2). The JERS annual mosaic is generated from images acquired by the SAR sensor on the Japanese Earth Resources Satellite-1 (JERS-1) satellite. This product contains radar measurement in L-band and H...

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Digital Earth Africa Cropland Extent Map (2019)

agriculturecogdeafricaearth observationfood securitygeospatialsatellite imagerystacsustainability

Digital Earth Africa's cropland extent map (2019) shows the estimated location of croplands in Africa for the period January to December 2019. Cropland is defined as: "a piece of land of minimum 0.01 ha (a single 10m x 10m pixel) that is sowed/planted and harvest-able at least once within the 12 months after the sowing/planting date." This definition will exclude non-planted grazing lands and perennial crops which can be difficult for satellite imagery to differentiate from natural vegetation. This provisional cropland extent map has a resolution of 10m, and was built using Cope...

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Digital Earth Africa Fractional Cover

agriculturecogdeafricadisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsustainability

Fractional cover (FC) describes the landscape in terms of coverage by green vegetation, non-green vegetation (including deciduous trees during autumn, dry grass, etc.) and bare soil. It provides insight into how areas of dry vegetation and/or bare soil and green vegetation are changing over time. The product is derived from Landsat satellite data, using an algorithm developed by the Joint Remote Sensing Research Program. Digital Earth Africa's FC service has two components. Fractional Cover is estimated from each Landsat scene, providing measurements from individual days. Fractional Cover...

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Garvan Institute Long Read Sequencing Benchmark Data

bioinformaticsgenomiclife scienceslong read sequencing

The dataset contains reference samples that will be useful for benchmarking and comparing bioinformatics tools for genome analysis. Currently, there are two samples, which are NA12878 (HG001) and NA24385 (HG002), sequenced on an Oxford Nanopore Technologies (ONT) PromethION using the latest R10.4.1 flowcells. Raw signal data output by the sequencer is provided for these datasets in BLOW5 format, and can be rebasecalled when basecalling software updates bring accuracy and feature improvements over the years. Raw signal data is not only for rebasecalling, but also can be used for emerging bioinf...

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New Zealand Imagery

aerial imagerycogearth observationgeospatialsatellite imagerystac

The New Zealand Imagery dataset consists of New Zealand's publicly owned aerial and satellite imagery, which is freely available to use under an open licence. The dataset ranges from the latest high-resolution aerial imagery down to 5cm in some urban areas to lower resolution satellite imagery that provides full coverage of mainland New Zealand, Chathams and other offshore islands. It also includes historical imagery that has been scanned from film, orthorectified (removing distortions) and georeferenced (correctly positioned) to create a unique and crucial record of changes to the New Zea...

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Open NeuroData

array tomographybiologyelectron microscopyimage processinglife scienceslight-sheet microscopymagnetic resonance imagingneuroimagingneuroscience

This bucket contains multiple neuroimaging datasets (as Neuroglancer Precomputed Volumes) across multiple modalities and scales, ranging from nanoscale (electron microscopy), to microscale (cleared lightsheet microscopy and array tomography), and mesoscale (structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging). Additionally, many of the datasets include segmentations and meshes.

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PubSeq - Public Sequence Resource

bambioinformaticsbiologycoronavirusCOVID-19fast5fastafastqgeneticgenomichealthjsonlife scienceslong read sequencingmedicineMERSmetadataopen source softwareRDFSARSSARS-CoV-2SPARQL

COVID-19 PubSeq is a free and open online bioinformatics public sequence resource with on-the-fly analysis of sequenced SARS-CoV-2 samples that allows for a quick turnaround in identification of new virus strains. PubSeq allows anyone to upload sequence material in the form of FASTA or FASTQ files with accompanying metadata through the web interface or REST API.

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Southern California Earthquake Data

earth observationearthquakesseismology

This dataset contains ground motion velocity and acceleration seismic waveforms recorded by the Southern California Seismic Network (SCSN) and archived at the Southern California Earthquake Data Center (SCEDC). A Distributed Acousting Sensing (DAS) dataset is included.

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USGS 3DEP LiDAR Point Clouds

agriculturedisaster responseelevationgeospatiallidarstac

The goal of the USGS 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) is to collect elevation data in the form of light detection and ranging (LiDAR) data over the conterminous United States, Hawaii, and the U.S. territories, with data acquired over an 8-year period. This dataset provides two realizations of the 3DEP point cloud data. The first resource is a public access organization provided in Entwine Point Tiles format, which a lossless, full-density, streamable octree based on LASzip (LAZ) encoding. The second resource is a Requester Pays of the original, Raw LAZ (Compressed LAS) 1.4 3DEP format, and more co...

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nuScenes

autonomous vehiclescomputer visionlidarroboticstransportationurban

Public large-scale dataset for autonomous driving. It enables researchers to study challenging urban driving situations using the full sensor suite of a real self-driving car.

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Boreas Autonomous Driving Dataset

autonomous vehiclescomputer visionlidarrobotics

This autonomous driving dataset includes data from a 128-beam Velodyne Alpha-Prime lidar, a 5MP Blackfly camera, a 360-degree Navtech radar, and post-processed Applanix POS LV GNSS data. This dataset was collect in various weather conditions (sun, rain, snow) over the course of a year. The intended purpose of this dataset is to enable benchmarking of long-term all-weather odometry and metric localization across various sensor types. In the future, we hope to also support an object detection benchmark.

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Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE)

cancergeneticgenomicHomo sapienslife sciencesSTRIDEStranscriptomicswhole genome sequencing

The Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE) project is an effort to conduct a detailed genetic characterization of a large panel of human cancer cell lines. The CCLE provides public access to genomic data, visualization and analysis for over 1100 cancer cell lines. This dataset contains RNA-Seq Aligned Reads, WXS Aligned Reads, and WGS Aligned Reads data.

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DOE's Water Power Technology Office's (WPTO) US Wave dataset

earth observationenergygeospatialmeteorologicalwater

Released to the public as part of the Department of Energy's Open Energy Data Initiative, this is the highest resolution publicly available long-term wave hindcast dataset that – when complete – will cover the entire U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).

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GEOGLOWS Hydrological Model Version 2

geopackagehydrographyhydrologic modelhydrologysimulationszarr

GEOGLOWS is the Group on Earth Observation's Global Water Sustainability Program. It coordinates efforts from public and private entities to make application ready river data more accessible and sustainably available to underdeveloped regions. The GEOGLOWS Hydrological Model provides a retrospective and daily forecast of global river discharge at 7 million river sub-basins. The stream network is a hydrologically conditioned subset of the TDX-Hydro streams and basins data produced by the United State's National Geospatial Intelligence Agency. The daily forecast provides 3 hourly average discharge in a 51 member ensemble and 15 day lead time derived from the ECMWF Integrated Forecast System (IFS). The retrospective simulation is derived from ERA5 climate reanalysis data and provides daily average streamflow beginning on 1 January 1940. New forecasts are uploaded daily and the retrospective simulation is updated weekly on Sundays to keep the lag time between 5 and 12 days.

The geoglows-v2 bucket contains: (1) model configuration files used to generate the simulations, (2) the GIS streams datasets used by the model, (3) the GIS streams datasets optimized for visualizations used by Esri's Living Atlas layer, (4) several supporting table of metadata including country names, river names, hydrological properties used for modeling.

The geoglows-v2-forecasts bucket contains: (1) daily 15 forecasts in zarr format optimized for time series queries of all ensemble members in the prediction, (2) CSV formatted summary files optimized for producing time series animated web maps for the entire global streams dataset.

The geoglows-v2-retrospective bucket contains: (1) the model retrospective outputs in (1a) zarr format optimized for time series queries of up to a few hundred rivers on demand as well as (1b) in netCDF format best for bulk download
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NASA Earth Exchange (NEX) Data Collection

climateCMIP5natural resourcesustainability

A collection of downscaled climate change projections, derived from the General Circulation Model (GCM) runs conducted under the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) [Taylor et al. 2012] and across the four greenhouse gas emissions scenarios known as Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) [Meinshausen et al. 2011]. The NASA Earth Exchange group maintains the NEX-DCP30 (CMIP5), NEX-GDDP (CMIP5), and LOCA (CMIP5).

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NOAA Water-Column Sonar Data Archive

biodiversityearth observationecosystemsenvironmentalgeospatialmappingoceans

Water-column sonar data archived at the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information.

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NREL Wind Integration National Dataset

environmentalgeospatialmeteorological

Released to the public as part of the Department of Energy's Open Energy Data Initiative, the Wind Integration National Dataset (WIND) is an update and expansion of the Eastern Wind Integration Data Set and Western Wind Integration Data Set. It supports the next generation of wind integration studies.

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New Zealand Elevation

cogearth observationelevationgeospatialstac

The New Zealand Elevation dataset consists of New Zealand's publicly owned digital elevation models and digital surface models, which are freely available to use under an open licence. The dataset contains 1m resolution grids derived from LiDAR data. Point clouds are not included in the initial release.All of the elevation files are Cloud Optimised GeoTIFFs using LERC compression for the main grid and LERC compression with lower max_z_error for the overviews. These elevation files are accompanied by

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Northern California Earthquake Data

earth observationearthquakesseismology

This dataset contains various types of digital data relating to earthquakes in central and northern California. Time series data come from broadband, short period, and strong motion seismic sensors, GPS, and other geophysical sensors.

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Radiant MLHub

cogearth observationenvironmentalgeospatiallabeledmachine learningsatellite imagerystac

Radiant MLHub is an open library for geospatial training data that hosts datasets generated by Radiant Earth Foundation's team as well as other training data catalogs contributed by Radiant Earth’s partners. Radiant MLHub is open to anyone to access, store, register and/or share their training datasets for high-quality Earth observations. All of the training datasets are stored using a SpatioTemporal Asset Catalog (STAC) compliant catalog and exposed through a common API. Training datasets include pairs of imagery and labels for different types of machine learning problems including image ...

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Toxicant Exposures and Responses by Genomic and Epigenomic Regulators of Transcription (TaRGET)

bioinformaticsbiologyenvironmentalepigenomicsgeneticgenomiclife sciences

The TaRGET (Toxicant Exposures and Responses by Genomic and Epigenomic Regulators of Transcription) Program is a research consortium funded by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS). The goal of the collaboration is to address the role of environmental exposures in disease pathogenesis as a function of epigenome perturbation, including understanding the environmental control of epigenetic mechanisms and assessing the utility of surrogate tissue analysis in mouse models of disease-relevant environmental exposures.

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World Bank - Light Every Night

cogdisaster responseearth observationsatellite imagerystac

Light Every Night - World Bank Nighttime Light Data – provides open access to all nightly imagery and data from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite Day-Night Band (VIIRS DNB) from 2012-2020 and the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program Operational Linescan System (DMSP-OLS) from 1992-2013. The underlying data are sourced from the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) archive. Additional processing by the University of Michigan enables access in Cloud Optimized GeoTIFF format (COG) and search using the Spatial Temporal Asset Catalog (STAC) standard. The data is...

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ASTER L1T Cloud-Optimized GeoTIFFs

cogearth observationgeospatialminingnatural resourcesatellite imagerysustainability

The Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) Level 1 Precision Terrain Corrected Registered At-Sensor Radiance (AST_L1T) data contains calibrated at-sensor radiance, which corresponds with the ASTER Level 1B (AST_L1B), that has been geometrically corrected, and rotated to a north-up UTM projection. The AST_L1T is created from a single resampling of the corresponding ASTER L1A (AST_L1A) product.The precision terrain correction process incorporates GLS2000 digital elevation data with derived ground control points (GCPs) to achieve topographic accuracy for all daytim...

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ArcticDEM

cogearth observationelevationgeospatialmappingopen source softwaresatellite imagerystac

ArcticDEM - 2m GSD Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) and mosaics from 2007 to the present. The ArticDEM project seeks to fill the need for high-resolution time-series elevation data in the Arctic. The time-dependent nature of the strip DEM files allows users to perform change detection analysis and to compare observations of topography data acquired in different seasons or years. The mosaic DEM tiles are assembled from multiple strip DEMs with the intention of providing a more consistent and comprehensive product over large areas. ArcticDEM data is constructed from in-track and cross-track high-...

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Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium 2 (CPTAC-2)

cancergenomiclife sciencesSTRIDEStranscriptomics

The Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (CPTAC) is a national effort to accelerate the understanding of the molecular basis of cancer through the application of large-scale proteome and genome analysis, or proteogenomics. CPTAC-2 is the Phase II of the CPTAC Initiative (2011-2016). Datasets contain open RNA-Seq Gene Expression Quantification, miRNA-Seq Isoform Expression Quantification, and miRNA Expression Quantification data.

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Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 6

agricultureatmosphereclimateearth observationenvironmentalmodeloceanssimulationsweather

The sixth phase of global coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model ensemble.

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Earth Observation Data Cubes for Brazil

cogearth observationgeosciencegeospatialimage processingopen source softwaresatellite imagerystac

Earth observation (EO) data cubes produced from analysis-ready data (ARD) of CBERS-4, Sentinel-2 A/B and Landsat-8 satellite images for Brazil. The datacubes are regular in time and use a hierarchical tiling system. Further details are described in Ferreira et al. (2020).

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Global Database of Events, Language and Tone (GDELT)

disaster responseevents

This project monitors the world's broadcast, print, and web news from nearly every corner of every country in over 100 languages and identifies the people, locations, organizations, counts, themes, sources, emotions, quotes, images and events driving our global society every second of every day.

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ICGC on AWS

bamcancergeneticgenomiclife sciencesvcf

The International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) coordinates projects with the common aim of accelerating research into the causes and control of cancer. The PanCancer Analysis of Whole Genomes (PCAWG) study is an international collaboration to identify common patterns of mutation in whole genomes from ICGC. More than 2,400 consistently analyzed genomes corresponding to over 1,100 unique ICGC donors are now freely available on Amazon S3 to credentialed researchers subject to ICGC data sharing policies.

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Low Altitude Disaster Imagery (LADI) Dataset

aerial imagerycoastalcomputer visiondisaster responseearth observationearthquakesgeospatialimage processingimaginginfrastructurelandmachine learningmappingnatural resourceseismologytransportationurbanwater

The Low Altitude Disaster Imagery (LADI) Dataset consists of human and machine annotated airborne images collected by the Civil Air Patrol in support of various disaster responses from 2015-2019. The initial release of LADI focuses on the Atlantic hurricane seasons and coastal states along the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. Annotations are included for major hurricanes of Harvey, Maria, and Florence. Two key distinctions are the low altitude, oblique perspective of the imagery and disaster-related features, which are rarely featured in computer vision benchmarks and datasets.

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Materials Project Data

chemistrycloud computingdata assimilationdigital assetsdigital preservationenergyenvironmentalfree softwaregenomeHPCinformation retrievalinfrastructurejsonmachine learningmaterials sciencemolecular dynamicsmoleculeopen source softwarephysicspost-processingx-ray crystallography

Materials Project is an open database of computed materials properties aiming to accelerate materials science research. The resources in this OpenData dataset contain the raw, parsed, and build data products.

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NOAA National Water Model CONUS Retrospective Dataset

agricultureagricultureclimatedisaster responseenvironmentaltransportationweather

The NOAA National Water Model Retrospective dataset contains input and output from multi-decade CONUS retrospective simulations. These simulations used meteorological input fields from meteorological retrospective datasets. The output frequency and fields available in this historical NWM dataset differ from those contained in the real-time operational NWM forecast model. Additionally, note that no streamflow or other data assimilation is performed within any of the NWM retrospective simulations

One application of this dataset is to provide historical context to current near real-time streamflow, soil moisture and snowpack conditions. The retrospective data can be used to infer flow frequencies and perform temporal analyses with hourly streamflow output and 3-hourly land surface output. This dataset can also be used in the development of end user applications which require a long baseline of data for system training or verification purposes.

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OpenAQ

air qualitycitiesenvironmentalgeospatial

Global, aggregated physical air quality data from public data sources provided by government, research-grade and other sources. These awesome groups do the hard work of measuring these data and publicly sharing them, and our community makes them more universally-accessible to both humans and machines.

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Reference Elevation Model of Antarctica (REMA)

cogearth observationelevationgeospatialmappingopen source softwaresatellite imagerystac

The Reference Elevation Model of Antarctica - 2m GSD Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) and mosaics from 2009 to the present. The REMA project seeks to fill the need for high-resolution time-series elevation data in the Antarctic. The time-dependent nature of the strip DEM files allows users to perform change detection analysis and to compare observations of topography data acquired in different seasons or years. The mosaic DEM tiles are assembled from multiple strip DEMs with the intention of providing a more consistent and comprehensive product over large areas. REMA data is constructed from in...

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Scottish Public Sector LiDAR Dataset

citiescoastalcogelevationenvironmentallidarurban

This dataset is Lidar data that has been collected by the Scottish public sector and made available under the Open Government Licence. The data are available as point cloud (LAS format or in LAZ compressed format), along with the derived Digital Terrain Model (DTM) and Digital Surface Model (DSM) products as Cloud optimized GeoTIFFs (COG) or standard GeoTIFF. The dataset contains multiple subsets of data which were each commissioned and flown in response to different organisational requirements. The details of each can be found at https://remotesensingdata.gov.scot/data#/list

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nuPlan

autonomous vehicleslidarroboticstransportationurban

nuPlan is the world's first large-scale planning benchmark for autonomous driving.

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1000 Genomes Phase 3 Reanalysis with DRAGEN 3.5 and 3.7

bambiologygeneticgenomichealthlife sciencesvcf

This dataset contains alignment files and short nucleotide, copy number, repeat expansion (STR) and structural variant call files from the 1000 Genomes Project Phase 3 dataset (n=3202) using Illumina DRAGEN v3.5.7b and v3.7.6 software. The v3.7.6 dataset also includes results from joint small variant, de novo structural variant, de novo copy number variant and repeat expansion calls on 602 trio families comprised of members from the 1000 Genomes Project Phase 3 dataset, as well as DRAGEN gVCF Genotyper (v3.8.3) analysis on the entire dataset (n=3202). Improvements and new features in the v3.7...

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10m Annual Land Use Land Cover (9-class)

cogearth observationenvironmentalgeospatialland coverland usemachine learningmappingplanetarysatellite imagerystacsustainability

This dataset, produced by Impact Observatory, Microsoft, and Esri, displays a global map of land use and land cover (LULC) derived from ESA Sentinel-2 imagery at 10 meter resolution for the years 2017 - 2023. Each map is a composite of LULC predictions for 9 classes throughout the year in order to generate a representative snapshot of each year. This dataset was generated by Impact Observatory, which used billions of human-labeled pixels (curated by the National Geographic Society) to train a deep learning model for land classification. Each global map was produced by applying this model to ...

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Argoverse

autonomous vehiclescomputer visiongeospatiallidarrobotics

Home of the Argoverse datasets.Public datasets supported by detailed maps to test, experiment, and teach self-driving vehicles how to understand the world around them.This bucket includes the following datasets:

  1. Argoverse 1 (AV1)
  • Motion Forecasting
  • Tracking
  1. Argoverse 2 (AV2)
  • Motion Forecasting
  • Lidar
  • Sensor
  1. Trust, but Verify (TbV)
  • Map Change Detection

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BossDB Open Neuroimagery Datasets

calcium imagingelectron microscopyimaginglife scienceslight-sheet microscopymagnetic resonance imagingneuroimagingneurosciencevolumetric imagingx-rayx-ray microtomographyx-ray tomography

This data ecosystem, Brain Observatory Storage Service & Database (BossDB), contains several neuro-imaging datasets across multiple modalities and scales, ranging from nanoscale (electron microscopy), to microscale (cleared lightsheet microscopy and array tomography), and mesoscale (structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging). Additionally, many of the datasets include dense segmentation and meshes.

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CMIP6 GCMs downscaled using WRF

agricultureatmosphereclimateearth observationenvironmentalmodeloceanssimulationsweather

High-resolution historical and future climate simulations from 1980-2100

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Capella Space Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Open Dataset

cogcomputer visionearth observationgeospatialimage processingsatellite imagerystacsynthetic aperture radar

Open Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data from Capella Space. Capella Space is an information services company that provides on-demand, industry-leading, high-resolution synthetic aperture radar (SAR) Earth observation imagery. Through a constellation of small satellites, Capella provides easy access to frequent, timely, and flexible information affecting dozens of industries worldwide. Capella's high-resolution SAR satellites are matched with unparalleled infrastructure to deliver reliable global insights that sharpen our understanding of the changing world – improving decisions ...

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Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium 3 (CPTAC-3)

cancergenomiclife sciencesSTRIDEStranscriptomics

The Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (CPTAC) is a national effort to accelerate the understanding of the molecular basis of cancer through the application of large-scale proteome and genome analysis, or proteogenomics. CPTAC-3 is the Phase III of the CPTAC Initiative. The dataset contains open RNA-Seq Gene Expression Quantification data.

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HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model Global Ocean Forecast System Reanalysis

globaloceans

Global Ocean Forecasting System (GOFS) 3.1 output on the GLBv0.08 grid. The resolution is 0.08° resolution between 40°S and 40°N, 0.04° poleward of these latitudes. The temportal frequenct is 3 hourly. This data was created by the Naval Research Laboratory: Ocean Dynamics and Prediction Branch.

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NOAA Rapid Refresh Forecast System (RRFS) [Prototype]

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather

NOTE** 3DRTMA data is being populated in the RRFS bucket under the prefix 3DRTMA and diag. The content provided supports model development. These are not yet operational NWS products and should not to be relied upon for operational purposes. This web site is not subject to 24/7 support, and thus may be unavailable during system outages.

The Rapid Refresh Forecast System (RRFS) is the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) next generation convection-allowing, rapidly-updated ensemble prediction system, currently scheduled for operational implementation in 2024. The operational configuration will feature a 3 km grid covering North America and include deterministic forecasts every hour out to 18 hours, with deterministic and ensemble forecasts to 60 hours four times per day at 00, 06, 12, and 18 UTC.The RRFS will provide guidance to support forecast interests including, but not limited to, aviation, severe convective weather, renewable energy, heavy precipitation, and winter weather on timescales where rapidly-updated guidance is particularly useful.

The RRFS is underpinned by the Unified Forecast System (UFS), a community-based Earth modeling initiative, and benefits from collaborative development efforts across NOAA, academia, and research institutions.

This bucket provides access to real time, experimental RRFS prototype output.


The real-time RRFS prototype is experimental and evolving. It is not under 24x7 monitoring and is not operational. Output may be delayed or missing. Outputs will change. When significant changes to output take place, this description will be updated.

We currently provide hourly deterministic forecasts at 3 km grid spacing out to 60 hours at 00, 06, 12, and 18 UTC, and out to 18 hours for other cycles. Output is organized by cycle date and cycle hour.For example, rrfs_a/rrfs_a.20230428/12/control contains the deterministic forecast initialized at 12 UTC on 28 April 2023. Users will find two types of output in GRIB2 format. The first is:

rrfs.t00z.natlev.f018.conus_3km.grib2

Meaning that this is the RRFS_A initialized at 00 UTC, covers the CONUS domain, and is the native level post-processed gridded data at hour 18. This output is on a Lambert Conic Conformal gird at 3 km grid spacing.

The second output file in grib2 format is:

rrfs.t00z.prslev.f018.conus_3km.grib2

The “prslev” descriptor indicates that this post-processed gridded data is output on pressure levels.For users interested in other domains, output is provided on the full 3-km North American grid and also subset over Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. The files are identified as follows:

North America: rrfs.t00z.prslev.f002.grib2 Alaska: rrfs.t00z.prslev.f002.ak.grib2 Hawaii: rrfs.t00z.prslev.f002.hi.grib2 Puerto Rico: rrfs.t00z.prslev.f002.pr.grib2

Beginning on December 8th, 2023 we now provide prototype RRFSv1 ensemble output and products. Output is available for 00, 06, 12, and 18 UTC cycles, and is organized by cycle date and cycle hour. For example, rrfs_a/rrfs_a.20231214/00/mem0001 contains the forecast from member 1, and rrfs_a/rrfs_a.20231214/00/enspost_timelag co...

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New York City Taxi and Limousine Commission (TLC) Trip Record Data

citiestransportationurban

Data of trips taken by taxis and for-hire vehicles in New York City. Note: access to this dataset is free, however direct S3 access does require an AWS account. Anonymous downloads are accessible from the dataset's documentation webpage listed below.

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Open Bioinformatics Reference Data for Galaxy

bioinformaticsbiologygeneticgenomiclife sciencesreference index

This dataset provides genomic reference data and software packages for use with Galaxy and Bioconductor applications. The reference data is available for hundreds of reference genomes and has been formatted for use with a variety of tools. The available configuration files make this data easily incorporable with a local Galaxy server without additional data preparation. Additionally, Bioconductor's AnnotationHub and ExperimentHub data are provided for use via R packag...

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OpenEEW

disaster responseearth observationearthquakes

Grillo has developed an IoT-based earthquake early-warning system, with sensors currently deployed in Mexico, Chile, Puerto Rico and Costa Rica, and is now opening its entire archive of unprocessed accelerometer data to the world to encourage the development of new algorithms capable of rapidly detecting and characterizing earthquakes in real time.

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Pacific Ocean Sound Recordings

acousticsbiodiversitybiologyclimatecoastaldeep learningecosystemsenvironmentalmachine learningmarine mammalsoceansopen source software

This project offers passive acoustic data (sound recordings) from a deep-ocean environment off central California. Recording began in July 2015, has been nearly continuous, and is ongoing. These resources are intended for applications in ocean soundscape research, education, and the arts.

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PoroTomo

geospatialgeothermalimage processingseismology

Released to the public as part of the Department of Energy's Open Energy Data Initiative, these data represent vertical and horizontal distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) data collected as part of the Poroelastic Tomography (PoroTomo) project funded in part by the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), U.S. Department of Energy.

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RarePlanes

computer visiondeep learningearth observationgeospatiallabeledmachine learningsatellite imagery

RarePlanes is a unique open-source machine learning dataset from CosmiQ Works and AI.Reverie that incorporates both real and synthetically generated satellite imagery. The RarePlanes dataset specifically focuses on the value of AI.Reverie synthetic data to aid computer vision algorithms in their ability to automatically detect aircraft and their attributes in satellite imagery. Although other synthetic/real combination datasets exist, RarePlanes is the largest openly-available very high resolution dataset built to test the value of synthetic data from an overhead perspective. The real portion ...

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Serratus: Ultra-deep Search for Novel Viruses - Versioned Data Release

bamCOVID-19geneticgenomiclife sciencesMERSSARSSARS-CoV-2virus

Serratus is a collaborative open science project for ultra-rapid discovery of known and unknown coronaviruses in response to the COVID-19 pandemic through re-analysis of publicly available genomic data. Our resulting vertebrate viral alignment data is explorable via the Serratus Explorer and directly accessible on Amazon S3.

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Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Machine Learning Dataset

machine learningNASA SMD AI

The v1 dataset includes AIA/HMI observations 2010-2018 and v2 includes AIA/HMI observations 2010-2020 in all 10 wavebands (94A, 131A, 171A, 193A, 211A, 304A, 335A, 1600A, 1700A, 4500A), with 512x512 resolution and 6 minutes cadence; HMI vector magnetic field observations in Bx, By, and Bz components, with 512x512 resolution and 12 minutes cadence; The EVE observations in 39 wavelengths from 2010-05-01 to 2014-05-26, with 10 seconds cadence.

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2010 Census Production Settings Demographic and Housing Characteristics (DHC) Demonstration Noisy Measurement File

censusdifferential privacydisclosure avoidanceethnicitygroup quartershispanichousinghousing unitslatinonoisy measurementspopulationraceredistrictingvoting age

The 2010 Census Production Settings Demographic and Housing Characteristics (DHC) Demonstration Noisy Measurement File (2023-06-30) is an intermediate output of the 2020 Census Disclosure Avoidance System (DAS) TopDown Algorithm (TDA) (as described in Abowd, J. et al [2022] https://doi.org/10.1162/99608f92.529e3cb9 , and implemented in https://github.com/uscensusbureau/DAS_2020_Redistricting_Production_Code). The NMF was produced using the official “production settings,” the final set of algorithmic parameters and privacy-loss budget allocations, that were used to produce the 2020 Census Redistricting Data (P.L. 94-171) Summary File and the 2020 Census Demographic and Housing Characteristics File. The NMF consists of the full set of privacy-protected statistical queries (counts of individuals or housing units with particular combinations of characteristics) of confidential 2010 Census data relating to the 2010 Demonstration Data Products Suite – Redistricting (P.L. 94-171) and Demographic and Housing Characteristics File – Production Settings (2023-04-03). These statistical queries, called “noisy measurements” were produced under the zero-Concentrated Differential Privacy framework (Bun, M. and Steinke, T [2016] https://arxiv.org/abs/1605.02065; see also Dwork C. and Roth, A. [2014] https://www.cis.upenn.edu/~aaroth/Papers/privacybook.pdf) implemented via the discrete Gaussian mechanism (Cannone C., et al., [2023] https://arxiv.org/abs/2004.00010), which added positive or negative integer-valued noise to each of the resulting counts. The noisy measurements are an intermediate stage of the TDA prior to the post-processing the TDA then performs to ensure internal and hierarchical consistency within the resulting tables. The Census Bureau has released these 2010 Census demonstration data to enable data users to evaluate the expected impact of disclosure avoidance variability on 2020 Census data. The 2010 Census Production Settings Demographic and Housing Characteristics (DHC) Demonstration Noisy Measurement File (2023-04-03) has been cleared for public dissemination by the Census Bureau Disclosure Review Board (CBDRB-FY22-DSEP-004).

The 2010 Census Production Settings Demographic and Housing Characteristics Demonstration Noisy Measurement File includes zero-Concentrated Differentially Private (zCDP) (Bun, M. and Steinke, T [2016]) noisy measurements, implemented via the discrete Gaussian mechanism. These are estimated counts of individuals and housing units included in the 2010 Census Edited File (CEF), which includes confidential data initially collected in the 2010 Census of Population and Housing. The noisy measurements included in this file were subsequently post-processed by the TopDown Algorithm (TDA) to produce the 2010 Census Production Settings Privacy-Protected Microdata File - Redistricting (P.L. 94-171) and Demographic and Housing Characteristics File (2023-04-03) (https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial/2020/program-management/data-product-planning/2010-demonstration-data-products/04-Demonstration_Data_Products_Suite/2023-04-03/). As these 2010 Census demonstration data are intended to support study of the design and expected impacts of the 2020 Disclosure Avoidance System, the 2010 CEF records were pre-processed before application of the zCDP framework. This pre-processing converted the 2010 CEF records into the input-file format, response codes, and tabulation categories used for the 2020 Census, which differ in substantive ways from the format, response codes, and tabulation categories originally used for the 2010 Census.

The NMF provides estimates ...

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2020 Census Demographic and Housing Characteristics (DHC) Noisy Measurement File

censusdifferential privacydisclosure avoidanceethnicitygroup quartershousinghousing unitsnoisy measurementspopulationraceredistrictingvoting age

The 2020 Census Demographic and Housing Characteristics Noisy Measurement File is an intermediate output of the 2020 Census Disclosure Avoidance System (DAS) TopDown Algorithm (TDA) (as described in Abowd, J. et al [2022], and implemented in primitives.py). The 2020 Census Demographic and Housing Characteristics Noisy Measurement File includes zero-Concentrated Differentially Private (zCDP) (Bun, M. and Steinke, T [2016]) noisy measurements, implemented via the discrete Gaussian mechanism (Cannone C., et al., [2023] ), which added positive or negative integer-valued noise to each of the resulting counts. These are estimated counts of individuals and housing units included in the 2020 Census Edited File (CEF), which includes confidential data collected in the 2020 Census of Population and Housing.

The noisy measurements included in this file were subsequently post-processed by the TopDown Algorithm (TDA) to produce the Census Demographic and Housing Characteristics Summary File. In addition to the noisy measurements, constraints based on invariant calculations --- counts computed without noise --- are also included (with the exception of the state-level total populations, which can be sourced separately from data.census.gov).

The Noisy Measurement File was produced using the official “production settings,” the final set of algorithmic parameters and privacy-loss budget allocations that were used to produce the 2020 Census Redistricting Data (P.L. 94-171) Summary File and the 2020 Census Demographic and Housing Characteristics File.

The noisy measurements are p...

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3000 Rice Genomes Project

agriculturefood securitygeneticgenomiclife sciences

The 3000 Rice Genome Project is an international effort to sequence the genomes of 3,024 rice varieties from 89 countries.

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Amazonia EO satellite on AWS

agriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationgeospatialimagingsatellite imagerystacsustainability

Imagery acquired by Amazonia-1 satellite. The image files are recorded and processed by Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE) and are converted to Cloud Optimized Geotiff format in order to optimize its use for cloud based applications. WFI Level 4 (Orthorectified) scenes are being ingested daily starting from 08-29-2022, the complete Level 4 archive will be ingested by the end of October 2022.

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Argo marine floats data and metadata from Global Data Assembly Centre (Argo GDAC)

chemical biologychemistryclimatedatacenterdigital assetsgeochemistrygeophysicsgeosciencemarinenetcdfoceans

Argo is an international program to observe the interior of the ocean with a fleet of profiling floats drifting in the deep ocean currents (https://argo.ucsd.edu). Argo GDAC is a dataset of 5 billion in situ ocean observations from 18.000 profiling floats (4.000 active) which started 20 years ago. Argo GDAC dataset is a collection of 18.000 NetCDF files. It is a major asset for ocean and climate science, a contributor to IOCCP reports.

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Automated Segmentation of Intracellular Substructures in Electron Microscopy (ASEM) on AWS

biologycell biologycomputer visionelectron microscopyimagingmicroscopysegmentation

The Automated Segmentation of intracellular substructures in Electron Microscopy (ASEM) project provides deep learning models trained to segment structures in 3D images of cells acquired by Focused Ion Beam Scanning Electron Microscopy (FIB-SEM). Each model is trained to detect a single type of structure (mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi apparatus, nuclear pores, clathrin-coated pits) in cells prepared via chemically-fixation (CF) or high-pressure freezing and freeze substitution (HPFS). You can use our open source pipeline to load a model and predict a class of sub-cellular structur...

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CAM6 Data Assimilation Research Testbed (DART) Reanalysis: Cloud-Optimized Dataset

atmosphereclimateclimate modeldata assimilationforecastgeosciencegeospatiallandmeteorologicalweatherzarr

This is a cloud-hosted subset of the CAM6+DART (Community Atmosphere Model version 6 Data Assimilation Research Testbed) Reanalysis dataset. These data products are designed to facilitate a broad variety of research using the NCAR CESM 2.1 (National Center for Atmospheric Research's Community Earth System Model version 2.1), including model evaluation, ensemble hindcasting, data assimilation experiments, and sensitivity studies. They come from an 80 member ensemble reanalysis of the global troposphere and stratosphere using DART and CAM6. The data products represent states of the atmospher...

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CAncer MEtastases in LYmph nOdes challeNge (CAMELYON) Dataset

cancercomputational pathologycomputer visiondeep learninggrand-challenge.orghistopathologylife sciences

"This dataset contains the all data for the CAncer MEtastases in LYmph nOdes challeNge or CAMELYON. CAMELYON was the first challenge using whole-slide images in computational pathology and aimed to help pathologists identify breast cancer metastases in sentinel lymph nodes. Lymph node metastases are extremely important to find, as they indicate that the cancer is no longer localized and systemic treatment might be warranted. Searching for these metastases in H&E-stained tissue is difficult and time-consuming and AI algorithms can play a role in helping make this faster and more accura...

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CoMMpass from the Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation

cancergeneticgenomicSTRIDESwhole genome sequencing

The Relating Clinical Outcomes in Multiple Myeloma to Personal Assessment of Genetic Profile study is the Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation (MMRF)’s landmark personalized medicine initiative. CoMMpass is a longitudinal observation study of around 1000 newly diagnosed myeloma patients receiving various standard approved treatments. The MMRF’s vision is to track the treatment and results for each CoMMpass patient so that someday the information can be used to guide decisions for newly diagnosed patients. CoMMpass checked on patients every 6 months for 8 years, collecting tissue samples, gene...

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Community Earth System Model Large Ensemble (CESM LENS)

atmosphereclimateclimate modelgeospatialicelandmodeloceanssustainabilityzarr

The Community Earth System Model (CESM) Large Ensemble Numerical Simulation (LENS) dataset includes a 40-member ensemble of climate simulations for the period 1920-2100 using historical data (1920-2005) or assuming the RCP8.5 greenhouse gas concentration scenario (2006-2100), as well as longer control runs based on pre-industrial conditions. The data comprise both surface (2D) and volumetric (3D) variables in the atmosphere, ocean, land, and ice domains. The total data volume of the original dataset is ~500TB, which has traditionally been stored as ~150,000 individual CF/NetCDF files on disk o...

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Daylight Map Distribution of OpenStreetMap

disaster responsegeospatialmappingosm

Daylight is a complete distribution of global, open map data that’s freely available with support from community and professional mapmakers. Meta combines the work of global contributors to projects like OpenStreetMap with quality and consistency checks from Daylight mapping partners to create a free, stable, and easy-to-use street-scale global map.

The Daylight Map Distribution contains a validated subset of the OpenStreetMap database. In addition to the standard OpenStreetMap PBF format, Daylight is available in two parquet formats that are optimized for AWS Athena including geometries (Points, LineStrings, Polygons, or MultiPolygons). First, Daylight OSM Features contains the nearly 1B renderable OSM features. Second, Daylight OSM Elements contains all of OSM, including all 7B nodes without attributes, and relations that do not contain geometries, such as turn restrictions.

Daylight ...

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ESA WorldCover Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 10m Annual Composites

agriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationgeospatialland coverland usemachine learningmappingnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsustainabilitysynthetic aperture radar

The WorldCover 10m Annual Composites were produced, as part of the European Space Agency (ESA) WorldCover project, from the yearly Copernicus Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 archives for both years 2020 and 2021. These global mosaics consists of four products composites. A Sentinel-2 RGBNIR yearly median composite for bands B02, B03, B04, B08. A Sentinel-2 SWIR yearly median composite for bands B11 and B12. A Sentinel-2 NDVI yearly percentiles composite (NDVI 90th, NDVI 50th NDVI 10th percentiles). A Sentinel-1 GAMMA0 yearly median composite for bands VV, VH and VH/VV (power scaled). Each product is...

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End-Use Load Profiles for the U.S. Building Stock

citiesclimateenergyenergy modelinggeospatialmetadatamodelopen source softwaresustainabilityutilities

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funded a three-year project, End-Use Load Profiles for the U.S. Building Stock, that culminated in this publicly available dataset of calibrated and validated 15-minute resolution load profiles for all major residential and commercial building types and end uses, across all climate regions in the United States. These EULPs were created by calibrating the ResStock and ComStock physics-based building stock models using many different measured datasets, as described here. This dataset includes load profiles for both the baseline building stock and the building ...

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Global 30m Height Above Nearest Drainage (HAND)

agriculturecogdisaster responseelevationgeospatialhydrologysatellite imagerystac

Height Above Nearest Drainage (HAND) is a terrain model that normalizes topography to the relative heights along the drainage network and is used to describe the relative soil gravitational potentials or the local drainage potentials. Each pixel value represents the vertical distance to the nearest drainage. The HAND data provides near-worldwide land coverage at 30 meters and was produced from the 2021 release of the Copernicus GLO-30 Public DEM as distributed in the Registry of Open Data on AWS.

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Global Seasonal Sentinel-1 Interferometric Coherence and Backscatter Data Set

agriculturecogearth observationearthquakesecosystemsenvironmentalgeologygeophysicsgeospatialglobalinfrastructuremappingnatural resourcesatellite imagerysynthetic aperture radarurban

This data set is the first-of-its-kind spatial representation of multi-seasonal, global SAR repeat-pass interferometric coherence and backscatter signatures. Global coverage comprises all land masses and ice sheets from 82 degrees northern to 79 degrees southern latitude. The data set is derived from high-resolution multi-temporal repeat-pass interferometric processing of about 205,000 Sentinel-1 Single-Look-Complex data acquired in Interferometric Wide-Swath mode (Sentinel-1 IW mode) from 1-Dec-2019 to 30-Nov-2020. The data set was developed by Earth Big Data LLC and Gamma Remote Sensing AG, under contract for NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. ...

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JMA Himawari-8/9

agriculturedisaster responseearth observationgeospatialmeteorologicalsatellite imageryweather

Himawari-9, stationed at 140.7E, owned and operated by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), is a geostationary meteorological satellite, with Himawari-8 as on-orbit back-up, that provides constant and uniform coverage of east Asia, and the west and central Pacific regions from around 35,800 km above the equator with an orbit corresponding to the period of the earth’s rotation. This allows JMA weather offices to perform uninterrupted observation of environmental phenomena such as typhoons, volcanoes, and general weather systems. Archive data back to July 2015 is available for Full Disk (AHI-L...

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NASA / USGS Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter Cloud Optimized Point Cloud

elevationlidarplanetarystac

The lunar orbiter laser altimeter (LOLA) has collected and released almost 7 billion individual laser altimeter returns from the lunar surface. This dataset includes individual altimetry returns scraped from the Planetary Data System (PDS) LOLA Reduced Data Record (RDR) Query Tool, V2.0. Data are organized in 15˚ x 15˚ (longitude/latitude) sections, compressed and encoded into the Cloud Optimized Point Cloud (COPC) file format, and collected into a Spatio-Temporal Asset Catalog (STAC) collection for query and analysis. The data are in latitude, longitude, and radius (X, Y, Z) format with the p...

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NIH NCBI Sequence Read Archive (SRA) on AWS

bamcramfastqgeneticgenomiclife sciencesSTRIDEStranscriptomicswhole exome sequencingwhole genome sequencing

The Sequence Read Archive (SRA), produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) at the National Library of Medicine (NLM) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), stores raw DNA sequencing data and alignment information from high-throughput sequencing platforms. The SRA provides open access to these biological sequence data to support the research community's efforts to enhance reproducibility and make new discoveries by comparing data sets. Buckets in this registry contain public SRA data in the original (user submitted) format from select high value and newly-rel...

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Normalized Difference Urban Index (NDUI)

earth observationgeospatialsatellite imageryurban

NDUI is combined with cloud shadow-free Landsat Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) composite and DMSP/OLS Night Time Light (NTL) to characterize global urban areas at a 30 m resolution,and it can greatly enhance urban areas, which can then be easily distinguished from bare lands including fallows and deserts. With the capability to delineate urban boundaries and, at the same time, to present sufficient spatial details within urban areas, the NDUI has the potential for urbanization studies at regional and global scales.

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Open-Meteo Weather API Database

agricultureclimateearth observationmeteorologicalweather

Open-Meteo integrates weather models from reputable national weather services, offering a swift and efficient weather API. Real-time weather forecasts are unified into a time-series database that provides historical and future weather data for any location worldwide.Through Open-Meteo on AWS Open Data, you can download the Open-Meteo weather database and analysis weather data locally. Docker images are provided to download data and to expose an HTTP API endpoint. Using Open-Meteo SDKs, you can seamlessly integrate weather data into your Python, Typescript, Swift, Kotlin, or Java applications.T...

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Overture Maps Foundation Open Map Data

geospatialglobalmappingosmparquettransportation

Overture is a collaboratively built, global, open map data project for developers who build map services or use geospatial data. Overture Open Map Data contains data that are standardized under the themes of Admins, Base, Buildings, Places, and Transportation. Overture also includes a Global Entity Reference System (GERS) which encodes map data to a shared universal reference. Beginning with the Overture 2023-11-14-alpha.0 release, the data is available as cloud-native GeoParquet files.

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Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) / Aura NO2 Tropospheric Column Density

air qualityatmosphereearth observationenvironmentalgeospatialsatellite imagery

NO2 tropospheric column density, screened for CloudFraction < 30% global daily composite at 0.25 degree resolution for the temporal range of 2004 to May 2020. Original archive data in HDF5 has been processed into a Cloud-Optimized GeoTiff (COG) format. Quality Assurance - This data has been validated by the NASA Science Team at Goddard Space Flight Center.Cautionary Note: https://airquality.gsfc.nasa.gov/caution-interpretation.

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Prefeitura Municipal de São Paulo (PMSP) LiDAR Point Cloud

citieselevationgeospatiallandlidarmappingurban

The objective of the Mapa 3D Digital da Cidade (M3DC) of the São Paulo City Hall is to publish LiDAR point cloud data. The initial data was acquired in 2017 by aerial surveying and future data will be added. This publicly accessible dataset is provided in the Entwine Point Tiles format as a lossless octree, full density, based on LASzip (LAZ) encoding.

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RACECAR Dataset

autonomous racingautonomous vehiclescomputer visionGNSSimage processinglidarlocalizationobject detectionobject trackingperceptionradarrobotics

The RACECAR dataset is the first open dataset for full-scale and high-speed autonomous racing. Multi-modal sensor data has been collected from fully autonomous Indy race cars operating at speeds of up to 170 mph (273 kph). Six teams who raced in the Indy Autonomous Challenge during 2021-22 have contributed to this dataset. The dataset spans 11 interesting racing scenarios across two race tracks which include solo laps, multi-agent laps, overtaking situations, high-accelerations, banked tracks, obstacle avoidance, pit entry and exit at different speeds. The data is organized and released in bot...

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Sea Around Us Global Fisheries Catch Data

biodiversityecosystemsfisheriesmarine

The project presents Sea Around Us Global Fisheries Catch Data aggregated at EEZ level. The data are computed from reconstructed catches from various official fisheries statistics, scientific, technical and policy reports about the fisheries, and includes estimation of discards, unreported and illegal catch data from all maritime countries and major territories of the world.This project was the result of a work between Sea Around Us and the CIC programme, a collaborative programme between the University of British Columbia (UBC) and AWS.

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Sofar Spotter Archive

climateenvironmentalmeteorologicaloceansoceanssustainabilityweather

This dataset includes archival hourly data from the [Sofar Spotter buoy global network] (https://weather.sofarocean.com/) from 2019 to March 2022.

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SondeHub Radiosonde Telemetry

climateenvironmentalGPSweather

SondeHub Radiosonde telemetry contains global radiosonde (weather balloon) data captured by SondeHub from our participating radiosonde_auto_rx receiving stations. radiosonde_auto_rx is a open source project aimed at receiving and decoding telemetry from airborne radiosondes using software-defined-radio techniques, enabling study of the telemetry and sometimes recovery of the radiosonde itself. Currently 313 receiver stations are providing data for an average of 384 radiosondes a day. The data within this repository contains received telemetry frames, including radiosonde type, gps position, a...

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The Human Connectome Project

biologyimaginglife sciencesneurobiologyneuroimagingneuroscience

The Human Connectome Project (HCP Young Adult, HCP-YA) is mapping the healthy human connectome by collecting and freely distributing neuroimaging and behavioral data on 1,200 normal young adults, aged 22-35.

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Basic Local Alignment Sequences Tool (BLAST) Databases

bioinformaticsbiologygeneticgenomichealthlife sciencesproteinreference indextranscriptomics

A centralized repository of pre-formatted BLAST databases created by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).

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CMAS Data Warehouse

air qualityclimateenvironmentalgeospatialmeteorological

CMAS Data Warehouse on AWS collects and disseminates meteorology, emissions and air quality model input and output for Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) Model Applications. This dataset is available as part of the AWS Open Data Program, therefore egress fees are not charged to either the host or the person downloading the data. This S3 bucket is maintained as a public service by the University of North Carolina's CMAS Center, the US EPA’s Office of Research and Development, and the US EPA’s Office of Air and Radiation. Metadata and DOIs for datasets included in the CMAS Data Wareho...

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Chalmers Cloud Ice Climatology

atmosphereclimatedeep learningenvironmentalexplorationgeophysicsgeosciencegeospatialglobaliceplanetarysatellite imageryzarr

The Chalmers Cloud Ice Climatology (CCIC) is a novel, deep-learning-based climate record of ice-particle concentrations in the atmosphere. CCIC results are available at high spatial and temporal resolution (0.07° / 3 h from 1983, 0.036° / 30 min from 2000) and thus ideally suited for evaluating high-resolution weather and climate models or studying individual weather systems.

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Community Earth System Model v2 Large Ensemble (CESM2 LENS)

atmosphereclimateclimate modelgeospatialicelandmodeloceanssustainabilityzarr

The US National Center for Atmospheric Research partnered with the IBS Center for Climate Physics in South Korea to generate the CESM2 Large Ensemble which consists of 100 ensemble members at 1 degree spatial resolution covering the period 1850-2100 under CMIP6 historical and SSP370 future radiative forcing scenarios. Data sets from this ensemble were made downloadable via the Climate Data Gateway on June 14th, 2021. NCAR has copied a subset (currently ~500 TB) of CESM2 LENS data to Amazon S3 as part of the AWS Public Datasets Program. To optimize for large-scale analytics we have represented ...

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Earth Radio Occultation

atmosphereclimateearth observationglobalsignal processingweather

This is an updating archive of radio occultation (RO) data using the transmitters of the Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) as generated and processed by the COSMIC DAAC (ucar), the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (jpl) of the California Institute of Technology, and the Radio Occultation Meteorology Satellite Application Facility (romsaf). The contributions for ucar and romsaf are currently active.

This dataset is funded by the NASA Earth Science Data Systems and the Advancing Collaborative Connections for Earth System Science (ACCESS) 2019 program.

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Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE)

bioinformaticsbiologygeneticgenomiclife sciences

The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) Consortium is an international collaboration of research groups funded by the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI). The goal of ENCODE is to build a comprehensive parts list of functional elements in the human genome, including elements that act at the protein and RNA levels, and regulatory elements that control cells and circumstances in which a gene is active. ENCODE investigators employ a variety of assays and methods to identify functional elements. The discovery and annotation of gene elements is accomplished primarily by sequencing a ...

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Genome in a Bottle on AWS

geneticgenomiclife sciencesreference indexvcf

Several reference genomes to enable translation of whole human genome sequencing to clinical practice. On 11/12/2020 these data were updated to reflect the most up to date GIAB release.

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HYCOM-OceanTrack Integrated HYCOM Eulerian Fields and Lagrangian Trajectories Dataset

driftersEulerianHYCOMLagrangiannumerical particleocean circulationocean currentsocean sea surface heightocean simulationocean velocityoceans

A combined dataset of simulated ocean sea surface height, near-surface velocities, and particle trajectories from a global 1/25th degree HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM) 1-year run.

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Indiana Statewide Digital Aerial Imagery Catalog

aerial imageryagriculturecogearth observationgeospatialimagingmappingnatural resourcesustainability

The State of Indiana Geographic Information Office and IOT Office of Technology manage a series of digital orthophotography dating back to 2005. Every year's worth of imagery is available as Cloud Optimized GeoTIFF (COG) files, original GeoTIFF, and other compressed deliverables such as ECW and MrSID. Additionally, each imagery year is organized into a tile grid scheme covering the entire geography of Indiana. All years of imagery are tiled from a 5,000 ft grid or sub tiles depending upon the resolution of the imagery. The naming of the tiles reflects the lower left coordinate from the...

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JAXA / USGS / NASA Kaguya/SELENE Terrain Camera Observations

cogplanetarysatellite imagerystac

The Japan Aerospace EXploration Agency (JAXA) SELenological and ENgineering Explorer (SELENE) mission’s Kaguya spacecraft was launched on September 14, 2007 and science operations around the Moon started October 20, 2007. The primary mission in a circular polar orbit 100-km above the surface lasted from October 20, 2007 until October 31, 2008. An extended mission was then conducted in lower orbits (averaging 50km above the surface) from November 1, 2008 until the SELENE mission ended with Kaguya impacting the Moon on June 10, 2009. These data were collected in monoscopic observing mode. To cre...

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Molecular Profiling to Predict Response to Treatment (phs001965)

cancergenomiclife sciencesSTRIDESwhole genome sequencing

The Molecular Profiling to Predict Response to Treatment (MP2PRT) program is part of the NCI's Cancer Moonshot Initiative. The aim of this program is the retrospective characterization and analysis of biospecimens collected from completed NCI-sponsored trials of the National Clinical Trials Network and the NCI Community Oncology Research Program. This study, titled "Identification of Genetic Changes Associated with Relapse and/or Adaptive Resistance in Patients Registered as Favorable Histology Wilms Tumor on AREN03B2", performs genomic characterization (WGS 30X, Total RNAseq, mi...

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Mouse Brain Anatomy: MouseLight Imagery

biologyfluorescence imagingimage processingimaginglife sciencesmicroscopyneurobiologyneuroimagingneuroscience

This data set, made available by Janelia's MouseLight project, consists of images and neuron annotations of the Mus musculus brain, stored in formats suitable for viewing and annotation using the HortaCloud cloud-based annotation system.

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NA-CORDEX - North American component of the Coordinated Regional Downscaling Experiment

atmosphereclimateclimate modelgeospatiallandmodelsustainabilityzarr

The NA-CORDEX dataset contains regional climate change scenario data and guidance for North America, for use in impacts, decision-making, and climate science. The NA-CORDEX data archive contains output from regional climate models (RCMs) run over a domain covering most of North America using boundary conditions from global climate model (GCM) simulations in the CMIP5 archive. These simulations run from 1950–2100 with a spatial resolution of 0.22°/25km or 0.44°/50km. This AWS S3 version of the data includes selected variables converted to Zarr format from the original NetCDF. Only daily data a...

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NAIP on AWS

aerial imageryagriculturecogearth observationgeospatialnatural resourceregulatory

The National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP) acquires aerial imagery during the agricultural growing seasons in the continental U.S. This "leaf-on" imagery andtypically ranges from 30 centimeters to 100 centimeters in resolution and is available from the naip-analytic Amazon S3 bucket as 4-band (RGB + NIR) imagery in MRF format, on naip-source Amazon S3 bucket as 4-band (RGB + NIR) in uncompressed Raw GeoTiff format and naip-visualization as 3-band (RGB) Cloud Optimized GeoTiff format. More details on NAIP

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NASA / USGS Controlled Europa DTMs

cogplanetarysatellite imagerystac

Knowledge of a planetary surface’s topography is necessary to understand its geology and enable landed mission operations. The Solid State Imager (SSI) on board NASA’s Galileo spacecraft acquired more than 700 images of Jupiter’s moon Europa. Although moderate- and high-resolution coverage is extremely limited, repeat coverage of a small number of sites enables the creation of digital terrain models (DTMs) via stereophotogrammetry. Here we provide stereo-derived DTMs of five sites on Europa. The sites are the bright band Agenor Linea, the crater Cilix, the crater Pwyll, pits and chaos adjacent...

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NASA / USGS Controlled THEMIS Mosaics

cogplanetarysatellite imagerystac

These data are infrared image mosaics, tiled to the Mars quadrangle, generated using Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) images from the 2001 Mars Odyssey orbiter mission. The mosaic is generated at the full resolution of the THEMIS infrared dataset, which is approximately 100 meters/pixel. The mosaic was absolutely photogrammetrically controlled to an improved Viking MDIM network that was develop by the USGS Astrogeology processing group using the Integrated Software for Imagers and Spectrometers. Image-to-image alignment precision is subpixel (i.e., <100m). These 8-bit, qualitative d...

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NASA / USGS Europa Controlled Observation Mosaics

cogplanetarysatellite imagerystac

The Solid State Imager (SSI) on NASA's Galileo spacecraft acquired more than 500 images of Jupiter's moon, Europa. These images vary from relatively low-resolution hemispherical imaging, to high-resolution targeted images that cover a small portion of the surface. Here we provide a set of 92 image mosaics generated from minimally processed, projected Galileo images with photogrammetrically improved locations on Europa's surface.

These images provide users with nearly the entire Galileo Europa imaging dataset at its native resolution and with improved relative image locations. The S
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NASA / USGS Europa Controlled Observations

cogplanetarysatellite imagerystac

The Solid State Imager (SSI) on NASA's Galileo spacecraft acquired more than 500 images of Jupiter's moon, Europa. These images vary from relatively low-resolution hemispherical imaging, to high-resolution targeted images that cover a small portion of the surface. Here we provide a set of 481 minimally processed, projected Galileo images with photogrammetrically improved locations on Europa's surface. These individual images were subsequently used as input into a set of 92 observation mosaics.

These images provide users with nearly the entire Galileo Europa imaging dataset at its native resolution and with improved relative image locations. The Solid State Imager on NASA's Galileo spacecraft provided the only moderate- to high-resolution images of Jupiter's moon, Europa. Unfortunately, uncertainty in the position and pointing of the spacecraft, as well as the position and orientation of Europa, when the images were acquired resulted in significant errors in image locations on the surface. The result of these errors is that images acquired during different Galileo orbits, or even at different times during the same orbit, are significantly misaligned (errors of up to 100 km on the surface).

The dataset provides a set of individual images that can be used for scientific analysis
...

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NASA / USGS Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) Context Camera (CTX) Targeted DTMs

cogelevationplanetarysatellite imagerystac

As of March, 2023 the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) High Resolution Science Experiment (HiRISE) sensor has collected more than 5000 targeted stereopairs. During HiRISE acquisition, the Context Camera (CTX) also collects lower resolution, higher spatial extent context images. These CTX acquisitions are also targeted stereopairs. This data set contains targeted CTX DTMs and orthoimages, created using the NASA Ames Stereopipeline. These data have been created using relatively controlled CTX images that have been globally bundle adjusted using the USGS Integrated System for Imagers and Spectro...

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NASA / USGS Released HiRISE Digital Terrain Models

cogplanetarysatellite imagerystac

These data are digital terrain models (DTMs) created by multiple different institutions and released to the Planetary Data System (PDS) by the University of Arizona. The data are processed from the Planetary Data System (PDS) stored JP2 files, map projected, and converted to Cloud Optimized GeoTiffs (COGs) for efficient remote data access. These data are controlled to the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA). Therefore, they are a proxy for the geodetic coordinate reference frame. These data are not guaranteed to co-register with an uncontrolled products (e.g., the uncontrolled High Resolution ...

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NASA / USGS Uncontrolled HiRISE RDRs

cogplanetarysatellite imagerystac

These data are red and color Reduced Data Record (RDR) observations collected and originally processed by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) team. The mdata are processed from the Planetary Data System (PDS) stored RDRs, map projected, and converted to Cloud Optimized GeoTiffs (COGs) for efficient remote data access. These data are not photogrammetrically controlled and use a priori NAIF SPICE pointing. Therefore, these data will not co-register with controlled data products. Data are released using simple cylindrical (planetocentric positive East, center longitude 0, -180...

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NOAA Global Historical Climatology Network Daily (GHCN-D)

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather


UPDATE TO GHCN PREFIXES - The NODD team is working on improving performance and access to the GHCNd data and will be implementing an updated prefix structure. For more information on the prefix changes, please see the "READ ME on the NODD Github". If you have questions, comments, or feedback, please reach out to nodd@noaa.gov with GHCN in the subject line.

Global Historical Climatology Network - Daily is a dataset from NOAA that contains daily observations over global land areas. It contains station-based measurements ...

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NOAA High-Resolution Rapid Refresh (HRRR) Model

agricultureclimatedisaster responseenvironmentalweather

The HRRR is a NOAA real-time 3-km resolution, hourly updated, cloud-resolving, convection-allowing atmospheric model, initialized by 3km grids with 3km radar assimilation. Radar data is assimilated in the HRRR every 15 min over a 1-h period adding further detail to that provided by the hourly data assimilation from the 13km radar-enhanced Rapid Refresh.

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NREL National Solar Radiation Database

earth observationenergygeospatialmeteorologicalsolar

Released to the public as part of the Department of Energy's Open Energy Data Initiative, the National Solar Radiation Database (NSRDB) is a serially complete collection of hourly and half-hourly values of the three most common measurements of solar radiation – global horizontal, direct normal, and diffuse horizontal irradiance — and meteorological data. These data have been collected at a sufficient number of locations and temporal and spatial scales to accurately represent regional solar radiation climates.

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OpenAlex dataset

graphjsonmetadatascholarly communication

An open, comprehensive index of scolarly papers, citations, authors, institutions, and journals.

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OpenCell on AWS

biologycell biologycell imagingcomputer visionfluorescence imagingimaginglife sciencesmachine learningmicroscopy

The OpenCell project is a proteome-scale effort to measure the localization and interactions of human proteins using high-throughput genome engineering to endogenously tag thousands of proteins in the human proteome. This dataset consists of the raw confocal fluorescence microscopy images for all tagged cell lines in the OpenCell library. These images can be interpreted both individually, to determine the localization of particular proteins of interest, and in aggregate, by training machine learning models to classify or quantify subcellular localization patterns.

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Refgenie reference genome assets

bioinformaticsbiologygeneticgenomicinfrastructurelife sciencessingle-cell transcriptomicstranscriptomicswhole genome sequencing

Pre-built refgenie reference genome data assets used for aligning and analyzing DNA sequence data.

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SILO climate data on AWS

agricultureclimateearth observationenvironmentalmeteorologicalmodelsustainabilitywaterweather

SILO is a database of Australian climate data from 1889 to the present. It provides continuous, daily time-step data products in ready-to-use formats for research and operational applications. SIL...

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Sea Surface Temperature Daily Analysis: European Space Agency Climate Change Initiative product version 2.1

climateearth observationenvironmentalgeospatialglobaloceans

Global daily-mean sea surface temperatures, presented on a 0.05° latitude-longitude grid, with gaps between available daily observations filled by statistical means, spanning late 1981 to recent time. Suitable for large-scale oceanographic meteorological and climatological applications, such as evaluating or constraining environmental models or case-studies of marine heat wave events. Includes temperature uncertainty information and auxiliary information about land-sea fraction and sea-ice coverage. For reference and citation see: www.nature.com/articles/s41597-019-0236-x.

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Sentinel-1

agriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationgeospatialsatellite imagerysynthetic aperture radar

Sentinel-1 is a pair of European radar imaging (SAR) satellites launched in 2014 and 2016. Its 6 days revisit cycle and ability to observe through clouds makes it perfect for sea and land monitoring, emergency response due to environmental disasters, and economic applications. This dataset represents the global Sentinel-1 GRD archive, from beginning to the present, converted to cloud-optimized GeoTIFF format.

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Sentinel-2 L2A 120m Mosaic

agriculturecogearth observationgeospatialmachine learningnatural resourcesatellite imagery

Sentinel-2 L2A 120m mosaic is a derived product, which contains best pixel values for 10-daily periods, modelled by removing the cloudy pixels and then performing interpolation among remaining values. As there are some parts of the world, which have lengthy cloudy periods, clouds might be remaining in some parts. The actual modelling script is available here.

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Sentinel-3

cogearth observationenvironmentalgeospatiallandoceanssatellite imagerystac

This data set consists of observations from the Sentinel-3 satellite of the European Commission’s Copernicus Earth Observation Programme. Sentinel-3 is a polar orbiting satellite that completes 14 orbits of the Earth a day. It carries the Ocean and Land Colour Instrument (OLCI) for medium resolution marine and terrestrial optical measurements, the Sea and Land Surface Temperature Radiometer (SLSTR), the SAR Radar Altimeter (SRAL), the MicroWave Radiometer (MWR) and the Precise Orbit Determination (POD) instruments. The satellite was launched in 2016 and entered routine operational phase in 201...

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Sentinel-5P Level 2

air qualityatmospherecogearth observationenvironmentalgeospatialsatellite imagerystac

This data set consists of observations from the Sentinel-5 Precursor (Sentinel-5P) satellite of the European Commission’s Copernicus Earth Observation Programme. Sentinel-5P is a polar orbiting satellite that completes 14 orbits of the Earth a day. It carries the TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI) which is a spectrometer that senses ultraviolet (UV), visible (VIS), near (NIR) and short wave infrared (SWIR) to monitor ozone, methane, formaldehyde, aerosol, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide and sulphur dioxide in the atmosphere. The satellite was launched in October 2017 and entered ro...

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SiPeCaM (Sitios Permanentes de la Calibración y Monitoreo de la Biodiversidad)

biodiversitybiologyecosystemsimage processingmultimediawildlife

The SiPeCaM goal is to create a data source that allows to evaluate changes in the biodiversity state, considering key aspect of how does the ecosystem behaves.

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Speedtest by Ookla Global Fixed and Mobile Network Performance Maps

analyticsbroadbandcitiescivicdisaster responsegeospatialglobalgovernment spendinginfrastructureinternetmappingnetwork trafficparquetregulatorytelecommunicationstiles

Global fixed broadband and mobile (cellular) network performance, allocated to zoom level 16 web mercator tiles (approximately 610.8 meters by 610.8 meters at the equator). Data is provided in both Shapefile format as well as Apache Parquet with geometries represented in Well Known Text (WKT) projected in EPSG:4326. Download speed, upload speed, and latency are collected via the Speedtest by Ookla applications for Android and iOS and averaged for each tile. Measurements are filtered to results containing GPS-quality location accuracy.

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Storm EVent ImageRy (SEVIR)

meteorologicalsatellite imageryweather

Collection of spatially and temporally aligned GOES-16 ABI satellite imagery, NEXRAD radar mosaics, and GOES-16 GLM lightning detections.

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Synthea synthetic patient generator data in OMOP Common Data Model

bioinformaticshealthlife sciencesnatural language processingus

The Synthea generated data is provided here as a 1,000 person (1k), 100,000 person (100k), and 2,800,000 persom (2.8m) data sets in the OMOP Common Data Model format. SyntheaTM is a synthetic patient generator that models the medical history of synthetic patients. Our mission is to output high-quality synthetic, realistic but not real, patient data and associated health records covering every aspect of healthcare. The resulting data is free from cost, privacy, and security restrictions. It can be used without restriction for a variety of secondary uses in academia, research, industry, and gov...

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UK Biobank Linkage Disequilibrium Matrices

geneticgenome wide association studygenomiclife sciencespopulation genetics

Linkage disequilibrium (LD) matrices of UK Biobank participants of a British ancestry, based on imputed genotypes.

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UK Biobank Pan-Ancestry Summary Statistics

geneticgenome wide association studygenomiclife sciencespopulation genetics

A multi-ancestry analysis of 7,221 phenotypes using a generalized mixed model association testing framework, spanning 16,119 genome-wide association studies. We provide standard meta-analysis across all populations and with a leave-one-population-out approach for each trait. The data are provided in tsv format (per phenotype) and Hail MatrixTable (all phenotypes and variants). Metadata is provided in phenotype and variant manifests.

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Virginia Coastal Resilience Master Plan, Phase 1 - December 2021

coastalfloods

The Virginia Coastal Resilience Master Plan builds on the 2020 Virginia Coastal Resilience Master Planning Framework, which outlined the goals and principles of the Commonwealth’s statewide coastal resilience strategy. Recognizing the urgent challenge flooding already poses, the Commonwealth developed Phase One of the Master Plan on an accelerated timeline and focused this first assessment on the impacts of tidal and storm surge coastal flooding on coastal Virginia. The Master Plan leveraged the combined efforts of more than two thousand stakeholders, subject matter experts, and government personnel. We centered the development of this plan around three core components:

A Technical Study compiled essential data, research, processes, products, and resilience efforts in the Coastal Resilience Database, which forms much of basis of this plan and the Coastal Resilience Web Explorer;

A Technical Advisory Committee supported coordination across key stakeholders and ensured the incorporation of the best available subject matter knowledge, data, and methods into this plan; and

Stakeholder Engagement captured diverse resilience perspectives from residents, local and regional officials, and other stakeholders across Virginia’s coastal communities to drive regionally specific resilience priorities.Data products used and generated for the Virginia Coastal Resilience.

This dataset represents the data that was developed for the technical study. Appendix F - Data Product List provides a list of available data. Other Appendix documents provide the inpu
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Yale-CMU-Berkeley (YCB) Object and Model Set

robotics

This project primarily aims to facilitate performance benchmarking in robotics research. The dataset provides mesh models, RGB, RGB-D and point cloud images of over 80 objects. The physical objects are also available via the YCB benchmarking project. The data are collected by two state of the art systems: UC Berkley's scanning rig and the Google scanner. The UC Berkley's scanning rig data provide meshes generated with Poisson reconstruction, meshes generated with volumetric range image integration, textured versions of both meshes, Kinbody files for using the meshes with OpenRAVE, 600 ...

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iSDAsoil

agricultureanalyticsbiodiversityconservationdeep learningfood securitygeospatialmachine learningsatellite imagery

iSDAsoil is a resource containing soil property predictions for the entire African continent, generated using machine learning. Maps for over 20 different soil properties have been created at 2 different depths (0-20 and 20-50cm). Soil property predictions were made using machine learning coupled with remote sensing data and a training set of over 100,000 analyzed soil samples. Included in this dataset are images of predicted soil properties, model error and satellite covariates used in the mapping process.

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real-changesets

disaster responsegeospatialmappingosm

The real-changesets is an augmented representation of OpenStreetMap changesets in JSON format. It contains the current and the previous version of each feature in a changeset. It's primary used by OSMCha, the main OpenStreetMap validation tool, to have a visualization of the changeset and provide to the user the understanding of what was changed on the map. The real-changesets are created by combining the changeset metadata and the augmented diff generated by overpass.

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ASF SAR Data Products for Disaster Events

cogdisaster responsegeospatialsatellite imagerystac

synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data is a powerful tool for monitoring and assessing disaster events and can provide valuable insights for researchers, scientists, and emergency response teams. The Alaska Satellite Facility (ASF) curates this collection of (primarily) SAR and SAR-derived satellite data products from a variety of data sources for disaster events.

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Allen Ivy Glioblastoma Atlas

biologycancercomputer visiongene expressiongeneticglioblastomaHomo sapiensimage processingimaginglife sciencesmachine learningneurobiology

This dataset consists of images of glioblastoma human brain tumor tissue sections that have been probed for expression of particular genes believed to play a role in development of the cancer. Each tissue section is adjacent to another section that was stained with a reagent useful for identifying histological features of the tumor. Each of these types of images has been completely annotated for tumor features by a machine learning process trained by expert medical doctors.

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Allen Mouse Brain Atlas

biologygene expressiongeneticimage processingimaginglife sciencesMus musculusneurobiologytranscriptomics

The Allen Mouse Brain Atlas is a genome-scale collection of cellular resolution gene expression profiles using in situ hybridization (ISH). Highly methodical data production methods and comprehensive anatomical coverage via dense, uniformly spaced sampling facilitate data consistency and comparability across >20,000 genes. The use of an inbred mouse strain with minimal animal-to-animal variance allows one to treat the brain essentially as a complex but highly reproducible three-dimensional tissue array. The entire Allen Mouse Brain Atlas dataset and associated tools are available through an...

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Beat Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) 1.0

cancergeneticgenomicHomo sapienslife sciencesSTRIDES

Beat AML 1.0 is a collaborative research program involving 11 academic medical centers who worked collectively to better understand drugs and drug combinations that should be prioritized for further development within clinical and/or molecular subsets of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. Beat AML 1.0 provides the largest-to-date dataset on primary acute myeloid leukemia samples offering genomic, clinical, and drug response.This dataset contains open Clinical Supplement and RNA-Seq Gene Expression Quantification data.This dataset also contains controlled Whole Exome Sequencing (WXS) and R...

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Blended TROPOMI+GOSAT Satellite Data Product for Atmospheric Methane

climateenvironmentalsatellite imagery

A dataset of satellite retrievals of atmospheric methane that extends from 30 April 2018 to present.

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Broad Genome References

bioinformaticsbiologycancergeneticgenomicHomo sapienslife sciencesreference index

Broad maintained human genome reference builds hg19/hg38 and decoy references.

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COBRA

cancercomputational pathologycomputer visiondeep learninghistopathologylife sciences

This page describes the COBRA (Classification Of Basal cell carcinoma, Risky skin cancers and Abnormalities) skin pathology dataset, which comprises over 7000 histopathology whole-slide-images related to the diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma skin cancer, the most commonly diagnosed cancer. The dataset includes biopsies and excisions and is divided into four groups. The first group contains about 2,500 BCC biopsies with subtype labels, while the second group includes 2,500 non-BCC biopsies with different types of skin dysplasia. The third group has 1,000 labelled risky cancer biopsies, includin...

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COVID-19 Harmonized Data

coronavirusCOVID-19life sciences

A harmonized collection of the core data pertaining to COVID-19 reported cases by geography, in a format prepared for analysis

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Cell Organelle Segmentation in Electron Microscopy (COSEM) on AWS

cell biologycomputer visionelectron microscopyimaginglife sciencesorganelle

High resolution images of subcellular structures.

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CitrusFarm Dataset

agriculturecomputer visionIMUlidarlocalizationmappingrobotics

CitrusFarm is a multimodal agricultural robotics dataset that provides both multispectral images and navigational sensor data for localization, mapping and crop monitoring tasks.

  1. It was collected by a wheeled mobile robot in the Agricultural Experimental Station at the University of California Riverside in the summer of 2023.
  2. It offers a total of nine sensing modalities, including stereo RGB, depth, monochrome, near-infrared and thermal images, as well as wheel odometry, LiDAR, IMU and GPS-RTK data.
  3. It comprises seven sequences collected from three citrus tree fields, featuring various tree species at different growth stages, distinctive planting patterns, as well as varying daylight conditions.
  4. It spans a total operation time of 1.7 hours, covers a total distance of 7.5 km, and consti...

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Clinical Trial Sequencing Project - Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

cancergenomiclife sciencesSTRIDEStranscriptomicswhole genome sequencing

The goal of the project is to identify recurrent genetic alterations (mutations, deletions, amplifications, rearrangements) and/or gene expression signatures. National Cancer Institute (NCI) utilized whole genome sequencing and/or whole exome sequencing in conjunction with transcriptome sequencing. The samples were processed and submitted for genomic characterization using pipelines and procedures established within The Cancer Genome Analysis (TCGA) project.

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  • Genetics and Pathogenesis of Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma by Roland Schmitz, Ph.D., George W. Wright, Ph.D., Da Wei Huang, M.D., Calvin A. Johnson, Ph.D., James D. Phelan, Ph.D., James Q. Wang, Ph.D., Sandrine Roulland, Ph.D., Monica Kasbekar, Ph.D., Ryan M. Young, Ph.D., Arthur L. Shaffer, Ph.D., Daniel J. Hodson, M.D., Ph.D., Wenming Xiao, Ph.D., et al.
  • A multiprotein supercomplex controlling oncogenic signalling in lymphoma by Phelan JD, Young RM, Webster DE, Roulland S, Wright GW, Kasbekar M, Shaffer AL 3rd, Ceribelli M, Wang JQ, Schmitz R, Nakagawa M, Bachy E, Huang DW, Ji Y, Chen L, Yang Y, Zhao H, Yu X, Xu W, Palisoc MM, Valadez RR, Davies-Hill T, Wilson WH, Chan WC, Jaffe ES, Gascoyne RD, Campo E, Rosenwald A, Ott G, Delabie J, Rimsza LM, Rodriguez FJ, Estephan F, Holdhoff M, Kruhlak MJ, Hewitt SM, Thomas CJ, Pittaluga S, Oellerich T, Staudt LM
  • Genomic Data Commons by National Cancer Institute

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Department of Energy’s Geothermal Data Repository (GDR) Data Lake

energygeothermal

Data released from projects funded by the Department of Energy's Geothermal Technologies Office (DOE GTO) that are too large or complex to be conveniently accessed by traditional means. The GDR data lake aims to improve and automate access of high-value geothermal data sets, making data actionable and discoverable by researchers and industry to accelerate analysis and advance innovation. This data lake is a sister-data lake to the Department of Energy’s Open Energy Data Initiative (OEDI) Data Lake.

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Distributed Archives for Neurophysiology Data Integration (DANDI)

biologycell imagingelectrophysiologyinfrastructurelife sciencesneuroimagingneurophysiologyneuroscience

DANDI is a public archive of neurophysiology datasets, including raw and processed data, and associated software containers. Datasets are shared according to a Creative Commons CC0 or CC-BY licenses. The data archive provides a broad range of cellular neurophysiology data. This includes electrode and optical recordings, and associated imaging data using a set of community standards: NWB:N - NWB:Neurophysiology, BIDS - Brain Imaging Data Structure, and Details →

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ECMWF real-time forecasts

air temperatureatmospheremeteorologicalnear-surface air temperaturenear-surface relative humiditynear-surface specific humidityprecipitationweather

These products are a subset of the ECMWF real-time forecast data and are made available to the public free of charge. They are based on the medium-range (high-resolution and ensemble) and seasonal forecast models. Products are available at 0.4 degrees resolution in GRIB2 format unless stated otherwise.

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EURO-CORDEX - European component of the Coordinated Regional Downscaling Experiment

atmosphereclimateclimate modelgeospatialmodelzarr

The EURO-CORDEX dataset contains regional climate model data for Europe, for use in impacts, decision-making, and climate science. Currently, the bucket contains monthly datasets of 2m air temperature downscaled from CMIP5 global model datasets using different regional climate models.

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Exceptional Responders Initiative

cancerepigenomicsgenomiclife sciencesSTRIDEStranscriptomicswhole exome sequencingwhole genome sequencing

The Exceptional Responders Initiative is a pilot study to investigate the underlying molecular factors driving exceptional treatment responses of cancer patients to drug therapies. Study researchers will examine molecular profiles of tumors from patients either enrolled in a clinical trial for an investigational drug(s) and who achieved an exceptional response relative to other trial participants, or who achieved an exceptional response to a non-investigational chemotherapy. An exceptional response is defined as achievement of either a complete response or a partial response for at least 6 mon...

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Finnish Meteorological Institute Weather Radar Data

agricultureearth observationmeteorologicalweather

The up-to-date weather radar from the FMI radar network is available as Open Data. The data contain both single radar data along with composites over Finland in GeoTIFF and HDF5-formats. Available composite parameters consist of radar reflectivity (DBZ), rainfall intensity (RR), and precipitation accumulation of 1, 12, and 24 hours. Single radar parameters consist of radar reflectivity (DBZ), radial velocity (VRAD), rain classification (HCLASS), and Cloud top height (ETOP 20). Raw volume data from singe radars are also provided in HDF5 format with ODIM 2.3 conventions. Radar data becomes avail...

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Foundation Medicine Adult Cancer Clinical Dataset (FM-AD)

cancergenomic

The Foundation Medicine Adult Cancer Clinical Dataset (FM-AD) is a study conducted by Foundation Medicine Inc (FMI). Genomic profiling data for approximately 18,000 adult patients with a diverse array of cancers was generated using FoundationeOne, FMI's commercially available, comprehensive genomic profiling assay. This dataset contains open Clinical and Biospecimen data.

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Golden Retriever Lifetime Study: Whole genome genotyping of Golden Retrievers on Axiom HD Arrays

genomegenotypinggolden retriever lifetime studymorris animal foundation

Morris Animal Foundation’s Golden Retriever Lifetime Study is a longitudinal, prospective study following 3044 golden retrievers. The Study’s purpose is to identify the nutritional, environmental, lifestyle and genetic risk factors for cancer and other diseases. The Golden Oldie’s study enrolled an additional cohort of golden retrievers that had reached the age of 12 years or older and had not yet been diagnosed with a malignant cancer. This population can be used as a control group for conditions with high mortality in younger age. This dataset contains the data for ~1.1 million genetic marke...

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I-CARE:International Cardiac Arrest REsearch consortium Electroencephalography Database

bioinformaticsdeep learninglife sciencesmachine learningmedicineneurophysiologyneuroscience

The International Cardiac Arrest REsearch consortium (I-CARE) Database includes baseline clinical information and continuous electroencephalography (EEG) recordings from 1,020 comatose patients with a diagnosis of cardiac arrest who were admitted to an intensive care unit from seven academic hospitals in the U.S. and Europe. Patients were monitored with 18 bipolar EEG channels over hours to days for the diagnosis of seizures and for neurological prognostication. Long-term neurological function was determined using the Cerebral Performance Category scale.

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Kraken2 NCBI RefSeq Complete V205 database on AWS

benchmarkbioinformaticsmetagenomicsmicrobiome

Database for use with Kraken2 (taxonomic annotation of metagenomic sequencing reads) including all NCBI RefSeq genomes available in release V205

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KyFromAbove on AWS

aerial imageryearth observationelevationgeospatiallidar

The KyFromAbove initiative is focused on building and maintaining a current basemap for Kentucky that can meet the needs of its users at the state, federal, local, and regional level. A common basemap, including current color leaf-off aerial photography and elevation data (LiDAR), reduces the cost of developing GIS applications, promotes data sharing, and add efficiencies to many business processes. All basemap data acquired through this effort is being made available in the public domain. KyFromAbove acquires aerial imagery and LiDAR during leaf-off conditions in the Commonwealth. The imagery...

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MIMIC-III (‘Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care’)

bioinformaticshealthlife sciencesnatural language processingus

MIMIC-III (‘Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care’) is a large, single-center database comprising information relating to patients admitted to critical care units at a large tertiary care hospital. Data includes vital signs, medications, laboratory measurements, observations and notes charted by care providers, fluid balance, procedure codes, diagnostic codes, imaging reports, hospital length of stay, survival data, and more. The database supports applications including academic and industrial research, quality improvement initiatives, and higher education coursework. The MIMIC-I...

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Medical Segmentation Decathlon

computed tomographyhealthimaginglife sciencesmagnetic resonance imagingmedicineniftisegmentation

With recent advances in machine learning, semantic segmentation algorithms are becoming increasingly general purpose and translatable to unseen tasks. Many key algorithmic advances in the field of medical imaging are commonly validated on a small number of tasks, limiting our understanding of the generalisability of the proposed contributions. A model which works out-of-the-box on many tasks, in the spirit of AutoML, would have a tremendous impact on healthcare. The field of medical imaging is also missing a fully open source and comprehensive benchmark for general purpose algorithmic validati...

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Multiview Extended Video with Activities (MEVA)

computer visionurbanusvideo

The Multiview Extended Video with Activities (MEVA) dataset consists video data of human activity, both scripted and unscripted, collected with roughly 100 actors over several weeks. The data was collected with 29 cameras with overlapping and non-overlapping fields of view. The current release consists of about 328 hours (516GB, 4259 clips) of video data, as well as 4.6 hours (26GB) of UAV data. Other data includes GPS tracks of actors, camera models, and a site map. We have also released annotations for roughly 184 hours of data. Further updates are planned.

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NASA Earth Exchange Global Daily Downscaled Projections (NEX-GDDP-CMIP6)

air temperatureclimateclimate modelclimate projectionsCMIP6cogearth observationenvironmentalglobalmodelNASA Center for Climate Simulation (NCCS)near-surface relative humiditynear-surface specific humiditynetcdfprecipitation

The NEX-GDDP-CMIP6 dataset is comprised of global downscaled climate scenarios derived from the General Circulation Model (GCM) runs conducted under the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) and across two of the four "Tier 1" greenhouse gas emissions scenarios known as Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs). The CMIP6 GCM runs were developed in support of the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC AR6). This dataset includes downscaled projections from ScenarioMIP model runs for which daily scenarios were produced and distributed...

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NASA High Energy Astrophysics Mission Data

archivesastronomydatacenterimagingsatellite imageryx-ray

NASA data for high energy astrophysics (generally x-ray and gamma-ray domains) is made available here by the High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center. The HEASARC hosts the full data archives of over 30 different missions spanning 50 years. The data archive for each mission will contain a range of data types from spacecraft housekeeping and raw photon event list data up to high level science-ready products such as images, light curves (time series), and energy spectra.

This is a relatively modest total data volume but contains significant complexity and heterogeneity among the different missions. Data provided here are stored in the Flexible Image Transport System (FITS) format common in astronomy. Higher level products are further defined to be consistent between missions following data model standards agreed by the community and maintained by the HEASARC. Analysis of these data may require software also provided by HEASARC, the HEASoft package, consisting of tools generic to all FITS data, generic to all HEASARC-compliant data, and/or specific to individual missions as appropriate. Some missions provide standard science-ready data products, while others provide low-level data types and software to generate science-ready products from them. See the links for each mission for more information on how to use the data.

The HEASARC Website also has archive browsing tools where you can query for observations corresponding to temporal and spatial constraints among others. These tools will ultimately point to files located on the archive by giving a URL beginning with the path https://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/FTP/. The data that are provided in the ODR follow the same structure, so when our tools give an https access URL, a user can simply swap in s3://nasa-heasarc/ for the first part of that URL and get a cloud URI. Note also that some selections have been made to what has been copied to the ODR, while the HEASARC archive itself remains the definitive and legacy source for the complete datasets.

The HEASARC also...

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NASA Legacy Archive for Microwave Background Data Analysis (LAMBDA)

archivesastronomydatacenterimagingsatellite imagery

NASA data for cosmic microwave background (CMB) analysis is made available here by the Legacy Archive for Microwave Background Data Analysis (LAMBDA), which is a part of NASA's High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center (HEASARC). LAMBDA hosts the data archives of over 30 different CMB missions spanning 30+ years. The data archive for each mission may contain a range of data types from low-level time-ordered data to high level science-ready products such as sky maps and angular power spectra. Also provided in consistent formats are a variety of full sky maps in complementary ...

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NASA SOHO/LASCO2 comet challenge on AWS

astronomymachine learningNASA SMD AI

The SOHO/LASCO data set (prepared for the challenge hosted in Topcoder) provided here comes from the instrument’s C2 telescope and comprises approximately 36,000 images spread across 2,950 comet observations. The human eye is a very sensitive tool and it is the only tool currently used to reliably detect new comets in SOHO data - particularly comets that are very faint and embedded in the instrument background noise. Bright comets can be easily detected in the LASCO data by relatively simple automated algorithms, but the majority of comets observed by the instrument are extremely faint, noise-...

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NASA Space Biology Open Science Data Repository (OSDR)

bioinformaticsbiologyGeneLabgenomicimaginglife sciencesspace biology

NASA’s Space Biology Open Science Data Repository (OSDR) introduces a one-stop site where users can explore and contribute a variety of NASA open science biological data. This site consolidates data from the Ames Life Sciences Data Archive (ALSDA) and GeneLab and includes information about the broader NASA Open Science and Open Data initiatives, all at one centralized location. Our mission is to maximize the utilization of the valuable biological research resources and enable new discoveries.

OSDR introduces access to data generated from spaceflight and space relevant experiments that explore
...

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NIFS Large Helical Device (LHD) Experiment

analyticsanomaly detectionarchivescomputed tomographydatacenterdigital assetselectricityenergyfluid dynamicsimage processingphysicspost-processingradiationsignal processingsource codeturbulencevideox-rayx-ray tomography

The Large Helical Device (LHD), owned and operated by the National Institute for Fusion Science (NIFS), is one of the world's largest plasma confinement device which employs a heliotron magnetic configuration generated by the superconducting coils. The objectives are to conduct academic research on the confinement of steady-state, high-temperature, high-density plasmas, core plasma physics, and fusion reactor engineering, which are necessary to develop future fusion reactors. All the archived data of the LHD plasma diagnostics are available since the beginning of the LHD experiment, starte...

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NOAA - hourly position, current, and sea surface temperature from drifters

climateenvironmentalmeteorologicaloceanssustainabilityweather

This dataset includes hourly sea surface temperature and current data collected by satellite-tracked surface drifting buoys ("drifters") of the NOAA Global Drifter Program. The Drifter Data Assembly Center (DAC) at NOAA’s Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory (AOML) has applied quality control procedures and processing to edit these observational data and obtain estimates at regular hourly intervals. The data include positions (latitude and longitude), sea surface temperatures (total, diurnal, and non-diurnal components) and velocities (eastward, northward) with accompanying uncertainty estimates. Metadata include identification numbers, experiment number, start location and time, end location and time, drogue loss date, death code, manufacturer, and drifter type.

Please note that data from the Global Drifter Program are also available at 6-hourly intervals but derived via alternative methods. The 6-hourly dataset goes back further in time (1979) and may be more appropriate for studies of long-term, low frequency patterns of the oceanic circulation. Yet, the 6-hourly dataset does not resolve fully high-frequency processes such as tides and inertial oscillations as well as sea surface temperature diurnal variability.

[CITING NOAA - hourly position, current, and sea surface temperature from drifters data. Citation for this dataset should include the following information below.]
Elipot, Shane; Sykulski, Adam; Lumpkin, Rick; ...

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NOAA Global Ensemble Forecast System (GEFS) Re-forecast

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather

NOAA has generated a multi-decadal reanalysis and reforecast data set to accompany the next-generation version of its ensemble prediction system, the Global Ensemble Forecast System, version 12 (GEFSv12). Accompanying the real-time forecasts are “reforecasts” of the weather, that is, retrospective forecasts spanning the period 2000-2019. These reforecasts are not as numerous as the real-time data; they were generated only once per day, from 00 UTC initial conditions, and only 5 members were provided, with the following exception. Once weekly, an 11-member reforecast was generated, and these ex...

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NapierOne Mixed File Dataset

computer forensicscomputer securitycyber securitydigital forensicsmalwaremixed file datasetransomware

NapierOne is a modern cybersecurity mixed file data set, primarily aimed at, but not limited to, ransomware detection and forensic analysis. The dataset contains over 500,000 distinct files, representing 44 distinct popular file types. It was designed to address the known deficiency in research reproducibility and improve consistency by facilitating research replication and repeatability. The data set was inspired by the Govdocs1 data set and it is intended that ‘NapierOne’ be used as a complement to this original data set. An investigation was performed with the goal of determining the common...

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National Cancer Institute Imaging Data Commons (IDC) Collections

cancerdigital pathologyfluorescence imagingimage processingimagingmachine learningmicroscopyradiology

Imaging Data Commons (IDC) is a repository within the Cancer Research Data Commons (CRDC) that manages imaging data and enables its integration with the other components of CRDC. IDC hosts a growing number of imaging collections that are contributed by either funded US National Cancer Institute (NCI) data collection activities, or by the individual researchers.Image data hosted by IDC is stored in DICOM format.

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National Herbarium of NSW

agriculturebiodiversitybiologyclimatedigital preservationecosystemsenvironmental

The National Herbarium of New South Wales is one of the most significant scientific, cultural and historical botanical resources in the Southern hemisphere. The 1.43 million preserved plant specimens have been captured as high-resolution images and the biodiversity metadata associated with each of the images captured in digital form. Botanical specimens date from year 1770 to today, and form voucher collections that document the distribution and diversity of the world's flora through time, particularly that of NSW, Austalia and the Pacific.The data is used in biodiversity assessment, syste...

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Open City Model (OCM)

citieseventsgeospatial

Open City Model is an initiative to provide cityGML data for all the buildings in the United States. By using other open datasets in conjunction with our own code and algorithms it is our goal to provide 3D geometries for every US building.

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Open VLF: Scientific Open Data Initiative for CRAAM's SAVNET and AWESOME VLF Data.

archivesastronomyatmosphereglobalopen source softwaresignal processing

This platform is maintained by CRAAM (Mackenzie Radio Astronomy and Astrophysics Center), a research center operated by UPM (Mackenzie Presbyterian University) and INPE (National Institute for Space Research), to provide public and free access for researchers, students, and the interested public to VLF (Very Low Frequency) data from CRAAM's antenna systems. Amazon AWS supports all data stored through the AWS Open Data Program. Very Low Frequency (VLF) signals can be used for navigation services, communication with submarines, and are a powerful tool to study the low-altitude Earth's io...

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OpenProteinSet

alphafoldlife sciencesmsaopen source softwareopenfoldproteinprotein foldingprotein template

Multiple sequence alignments (MSAs) for 140,000 unique Protein Data Bank (PDB) chains and 16,000,000 UniClust30 clusters. Template hits are also provided for the PDB chains and 270,000 UniClust30 clusters chosen for maximal diversity and MSA depth. MSAs were generated with HHBlits (-n3) and JackHMMER against MGnify, BFD, UniRef90, and UniClust30 while templates were identified from PDB70 with HHSearch, all according to procedures outlined in the supplement to the AlphaFold 2 Nature paper, Jumper et al. 2021. We expect the database to be broadly useful to structural biologists training or valid...

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Pohang Canal Dataset: A Multimodal Maritime Dataset for Autonomous Navigation in Restricted Waters

autonomous vehiclescomputer visionlidarmarine navigationrobotics

This dataset presents a multi-modal maritime dataset acquired in restricted waters in Pohang, South Korea. The sensor suite is composed of three LiDARs (one 64-channel LiDAR and two 32-channel LiDARs), a marine radar, two visual cameras used as a stereo camera, an infrared camera, an omnidirectional camera with 6 directions, an AHRS, and a GPS with RTK. The dataset includes the sensor calibration parameters and SLAM-based baseline trajectory. It was acquired while navigating a 7.5 km route that includes a narrow canal area, inner and outer port areas, and a near-coastal area. The aim of this d...

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SPaRCNet data:Seizures, Rhythmic and Periodic Patterns in ICU Electroencephalography

bioinformaticsdeep learninglife sciencesmachine learningmedicineneurophysiologyneuroscience

The IIIC dataset includes 50,697 labeled EEG samples from 2,711 patients' and 6,095 EEGs that were annotated by physician experts from 18 institutions. These samples were used to train SPaRCNet (Seizures, Periodic and Rhythmic Continuum patterns Deep Neural Network), a computer program that classifies IIIC events with an accuracy matching clinical experts.

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STOIC2021 Training

computed tomographycomputer visioncoronavirusCOVID-19grand-challenge.orgimaginglife sciencesSARS-CoV-2

The STOIC project collected Computed Tomography (CT) images of 10,735 individuals suspected of being infected with SARS-COV-2 during the first wave of the pandemic in France, from March to April 2020. For each patient in the training set, the dataset contains binary labels for COVID-19 presence, based on RT-PCR test results, and COVID-19 severity, defined as intubation or death within one month from the acquisition of the CT scan. This S3 bucket contains the training sample of the STOIC dataset as used in the STOIC2021 challenge on grand-challenge.org.

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Sophos/ReversingLabs 20 Million malware detection dataset

cyber securitydeep learninglabeledmachine learning

A dataset intended to support research on machine learning techniques for detecting malware. It includes metadata and EMBER-v2 features for approximately 10 million benign and 10 million malicious Portable Executable files, with disarmed but otherwise complete files for all malware samples. All samples are labeled using Sophos in-house labeling methods, have features extracted using the EMBER-v2 feature set, well as metadata obtained via the pefile python library, detection counts obtained via ReversingLabs telemetry, and additional behavioral tags that indicate the rough behavior of the sam...

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The Human Microbiome Project

amino acidfastafastqgeneticgenomiclife sciencesmetagenomicsmicrobiome

The NIH-funded Human Microbiome Project (HMP) is a collaborative effort of over 300 scientists from more than 80 organizations to comprehensively characterize the microbial communities inhabiting the human body and elucidate their role in human health and disease. To accomplish this task, microbial community samples were isolated from a cohort of 300 healthy adult human subjects at 18 specific sites within five regions of the body (oral cavity, airways, urogenital track, skin, and gut). Targeted sequencing of the 16S bacterial marker gene and/or whole metagenome shotgun sequencing was performe...

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Variant Effect Predictor (VEP) and the Loss-Of-Function Transcript Effect Estimator (LOFTEE) Plugin

genome wide association studygenomiclife scienceslofteevep

VEP determines the effect of genetic variants (SNPs, insertions, deletions, CNVs or structural variants) on genes, transcripts, and protein sequence, as well as regulatory regions. The European Bioinformatics Institute produces the VEP tool/db and releases updates every 1 - 6 months. The latest release contains 267 genomes from 232 species containing 5567663 protein coding genes. This dataset hosts the last 5 releases for human, rat, and zebrafish. Also, it hosts the required reference files for the Loss-Of-Function Transcript Effect Estimator (LOFTEE) plugin as it is commonly used with VEP.

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VirtualFlow Ligand Libraries

bioinformaticslife sciencesmedicinepharmaceuticalstructural biology

VirtualFlow Versions of Ligand Libraries in Ready-To-Dock Format

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Wind AI Bench

benchmarkenergymachine learning

This data lake contains multiple datasets related to fundamental problems in wind energy research. This includes data for wind plant power production for various layouts/wind flow scenarios, data for two- and three-dimensional flow around different wind turbine airfoils/blades, wind turbine noise production, among others. The purpose of these datasets is to establish a standard benchmark against which new AI/ML methods can be tested, compared, and deployed. Details regarding the generation and formatting of the data for each dataset is included in the metadata as well as example noteboo...

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1940 Census Population Schedules, Enumeration District Maps, and Enumeration District Descriptions

1940 censusarchivescensusdemographynara

The 1940 Census population schedules were created by the Bureau of the Census in an attempt to enumerate every person living in the United States on April 1, 1940, although some persons were missed. The 1940 census population schedules were digitized by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) and released publicly on April 2, 2012. The 1940 Census enumeration district maps contain maps of counties, cities, and other minor civil divisions that show enumeration districts, census tracts, and related boundaries and numbers used for each census. The coverage is nation wide and inclu...

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1950 Census Population Schedules, Enumeration District Maps, and Enumeration District Descriptions

1950 censusarchivescensusdemographynara

The 1950 Census population schedules were created by the Bureau of the Census in an attempt to enumerate every person living in the United States on April 1, 1950, although some persons were missed. The 1950 census population schedules were digitized by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) and released publicly on April 1, 2022. The 1950 Census enumeration district maps contain maps of counties, cities, and other minor civil divisions that show enumeration districts, census tracts, and related boundaries and numbers used for each census. The coverage is nation wide and inclu...

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2010 Census Production Settings Redistricting Data (P.L. 94-171) Demonstration Noisy Measurement File

censusdifferential privacydisclosure avoidanceethnicitygroup quartershispanichousinghousing unitslatinonoisy measurementspopulationraceredistrictingvoting age

The 2010 Census Production Settings Redistricting Data (P.L. 94-171) Demonstration Noisy Measurement File (2023-04-03) is an intermediate output of the 2020 Census Disclosure Avoidance System (DAS) TopDown Algorithm (TDA) (as described in Abowd, J. et al [2022] https://doi.org/10.1162/99608f92.529e3cb9 , and implemented in https://github.com/uscensusbureau/DAS_2020_Redistricting_Production_Code). The NMF was produced using the official “production settings,” the final set of algorithmic parameters and privacy-loss budget allocations, that were used to produce the 2020 Census Redistricting Data (P.L. 94-171) Summary File and the 2020 Census Demographic and Housing Characteristics File.

The NMF consists of the full set of privacy-protected statistical queries (counts of individuals or housing units with particular combinations of characteristics) of confidential 2010 Census data relating to the redistricting data portion of the 2010 Demonstration Data Products Suite – Redistricting and Demographic and Housing Characteristics File – Production Settings (2023-04-03). These statistical queries, called “noisy measurements” were produced under the zero-Concentrated Differential Privacy framework (Bun, M. and Steinke, T [2016] https://arxiv.org/abs/1605.02065; see also Dwork C. and Roth, A. [2014] https://www.cis.upenn.edu/~aaroth/Papers/privacybook.pdf) implemented via the discrete Gaussian mechanism (Cannone C., et al., [2023] https://arxiv.org/abs/2004.00010), which added positive or negative integer-valued noise to each of the resulting counts. The noisy measurements are an intermediate stage of the TDA prior to the post-processing the TDA then performs to ensure internal and hierarchical consistency within the resulting tables. The Census Bureau has released these 2010 Census demonstration data to enable data users to evaluate the expected impact of disclosure avoidance variability on 2020 Census data. The 2010 Census Production Settings Redistricting Data (P.L.94-171) Demonstration Noisy Measurement File (2023-04-03) has been cleared for public dissemination by the Census Bureau Disclosure Review Board (CBDRB-FY22-DSEP-004).

The data includes zero-Concentrated Differentially Private (zCDP) (Bun, M. and Steinke, T [2016]) noisy measurements, implemented via the discrete Gaussian mechanism. These are estimated counts of individuals and housing units included in the 2010 Census Edited File (CEF), which includes confidential data initially collected in the 2010 Census of Population and Housing. The noisy measurements included in this file were subsequently post-processed by the TopDown Algorithm (TDA) to produce the 2010 Census Production Settings Privacy-Protected Microdata File - Redistricting (P.L. 94-171) and Demographic and Housing Characteristics File (2023-04-03) (https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial/2020/program-management/data-product-planning/2010-demonstration-data-products/04-Demonstration_Data_Products_Suite/2023-04-03/). As these 2010 Census demonstration data are intended to support study of the design and expected impacts of the 2020 Disclosure Avoidance System, the 2010 CEF records were pre-processed before application of the zCDP framework. This pre-processing converted the 2010 CEF records into the input-file format, response codes, and tabulation categories used for the 2020 Census, which differ in substantive ways from the format, response codes, and tabulation categories originally used for the 2010 Census.

The NMF provides estimates of counts of...

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2020 Census Redistricting Data (P.L. 94-171) Noisy Measurement File

censusdifferential privacydisclosure avoidanceethnicitygroup quartershousinghousing unitsnoisy measurementspopulationraceredistrictingvoting age

The 2020 Census Redistricting Data (P.L. 94-171) Noisy Measurement File (NMF) is an intermediate output of the 2020 Census Disclosure Avoidance System (DAS) TopDown Algorithm (TDA) (as described in Abowd, J. et al [2022] https://doi.org/10.1162/99608f92.529e3cb9, and implemented in the DAS 2020 Redistricting Production Code). The NMF was generated using the Census Bureau's implementation of the Discrete Gaussian Mechanism, calibrated to satisfy zero-Concentrated Differential Privacy with bounded neighbors.

The NMF values, called noisy measurements are the output of applying the Discrete Gaussian Mechanism to counts from the 2020 Census Edited File (CEF). They are generally inconsistent with one another (for example, in a county composed of two tracts, the noisy measurement for the county's total population may not equal the sum of the noisy measurements of the two tracts' total population), and frequently negative (especially when the population being measured was small), but are integer-valued. The NMF was later post-processed as part of the DAS code to take the form of microdata and to satisfy various constraints. The NMF documented here contains both the noisy measurements themselves as well as the data needed to represent the DAS constraints; thus, the NMF could be used to reproduce the steps taken by the DAS code to produce microdata from the noisy measurements by applying the production code base.

The 2020 Census Redistricting Data (P.L. 94-171) Noisy Measurement File includes zero-Concentrated Differentially Private (zCDP) (Bun, M. and Steinke, T [2016]) noisy measurements, implemented via the discrete Gaussian mechanism. These are estimated counts of individuals and housing units included in the 2020 Census Edited File (CEF), which includes confidential data initially collected in the 2020 Census of Population and Housing. The noisy measurements included in this file were subsequently post-processed by the TopDown Algorithm (TDA) to produce the 2020 Census Redistricting Data (P.L. 94-171) Summary File.

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4D Nucleome (4DN)

bioinformaticsbiologygeneticgenomicimaginglife sciences

The goal of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Common Fund’s 4D Nucleome (4DN) program is to study the three-dimensional organization of the nucleus in space and time (the 4th dimension). The nucleus of a cell contains DNA, the genetic “blueprint” that encodes all of the genes a living organism uses to produce proteins needed to carry out life-sustaining cellular functions. Understanding the conformation of the nuclear DNA and how it is maintained or changes in response to environmental and cellular cues over time will provide insights into basic biology as well as aspects of human health...

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A Global Drought and Flood Catalogue from 1950 to 2016

floodsglobalnear-surface air temperaturenear-surface specific humiditynetcdfprecipitation

Hydrological extremes, in the form of droughts and floods, have impacts on a wide range of sectors including water availability, food security, and energy production, among others. Given continuing large impacts of droughts and floods and the expectation for significant regional changes projected in the future, there is an urgent need to provide estimates of past events and their future risk, globally. However, current estimates of hydrological extremes are not robust and accurate enough, due to lack of long-term data records, standardized methods for event identification, geographical inconsi...

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Africa Soil Information Service (AfSIS) Soil Chemistry

agricultureenvironmentalfood securitylife sciencesmachine learning

This dataset contains soil infrared spectral data and paired soil property reference measurements for georeferenced soil samples that were collected through the Africa Soil Information Service (AfSIS) project, which lasted from 2009 through 2018. In this release, we include data collected during Phase I (2009-2013.) Georeferenced samples were collected from 19 countries in Sub-Saharan African using a statistically sound sampling scheme, and their soil properties were analyzed using both conventional soil testing methods and spectral methods (infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy). The two ...

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AgricultureVision

aerial imageryagriculturecomputer visiondeep learningmachine learning

Agriculture-Vision aims to be a publicly available large-scale aerial agricultural image dataset that is high-resolution, multi-band, and with multiple types of patterns annotated by agronomy experts. The original dataset affiliated with the 2020 CVPR paper includes 94,986 512x512images sampled from 3,432 farmlands with nine types of annotations: double plant, drydown, endrow, nutrient deficiency, planter skip, storm damage, water, waterway and weed cluster. All of these patterns have substantial impacts on field conditions and the final yield. These farmland images were captured between 201...

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Allen Institute for Brain Science - Synaptic Physiology Public Data Set

electrophysiologyHomo sapienslife sciencesMus musculusneurobiologysignal processing

This is a large-scale survey that describes the physiology (strength, kinetics, and short term plasticity) of thousands of synapses from patch clamp experiments in mouse visual cortex and human middle temporal gyrus.

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Allen Institute for Neural Dynamics - Extracellular Electrophysiology Compression Benchmark

electrophysiologylife sciencesMus musculusneurobiologysignal processing

Extracellular electrophysiology data is growing at a remarkable pace. This data, collected neuropixels probes by the Allen Institute and the International Brain Lab can be used to benchmark throughput rates and storage ratios of various data compression algorithms.

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Astrophysics Division Galaxy Segmentation Benchmark Dataset

astronomymachine learningNASA SMD AIsegmentation

Pan-STARSS imaging data and associated labels for galaxy segmentation into galactic centers, galactic bars, spiral arms and foreground stars derived from citizen scientist labels from the Galaxy Zoo: 3D project.

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Atmospheric Models from Météo-France

agricultureclimatedisaster responseearth observationenvironmentalmeteorologicalmodelweather

Global and high-resolution regional atmospheric models from Météo-France.

  • ARPEGE World covers the entire world at a base horizontal resolution of 0.5° (~55km) between grid points, it predicts weather out up to 114 hours in the future.
  • ARPEGE Europe covers Europe and North-Africa at a base horizontal resolution of 0.1° (~11km) between grid points, it predicts weather out up to 114 hours in the future.
  • AROME France covers France at a base horizontal resolution of 0.025° (~2.5km) between grid points, it predicts weather out up to 42 hours in the future.
  • AROME France HD covers France and neighborhood at a base horizontal resolution of 0.01° (~1.5km) between grid points, it predicts weather out up to 42 hours in the future.
Dozens of atmospheric variables are avail...

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Aurora Multi-Sensor Dataset

autonomous vehiclescomputer visiondeep learningimage processinglidarmachine learningmappingroboticstraffictransportationurbanweather

The Aurora Multi-Sensor Dataset is an open, large-scale multi-sensor dataset with highly accurate localization ground truth, captured between January 2017 and February 2018 in the metropolitan area of Pittsburgh, PA, USA by Aurora (via Uber ATG) in collaboration with the University of Toronto. The de-identified dataset contains rich metadata, such as weather and semantic segmentation, and spans all four seasons, rain, snow, overcast and sunny days, different times of day, and a variety of traffic conditions.
The Aurora Multi-Sensor Dataset contains data from a 64-beam Velodyne HDL-64E LiDAR sensor and seven 1920x1200-pixel resolution cameras including a forward-facing stereo pair and five wide-angle lenses covering a 360-degree view around the vehicle.
This data can be used to develop and evaluate large-scale long-term approaches to autonomous vehicle localization. Its size and diversity make it suitable for a wide range of research areas such as 3D reconstruction, virtual tourism, HD map construction, and map compression, among others.
The data was first presented at the International Conference on Intelligent Robots an
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Binding DB - Data Lakehouse Ready

biotech blueprintchemistrygeneticgenomiclife sciencesmoleculeparquet

This a parquet representation of The Binding Database's Full BindingDB Database Dump that you can query straight from Athena in under 60 seconds (no Oracle database required). The Binding Database projects aims to make experimental data on the noncovalent association of molecules in solution searchable via the world wide web. The initial focus is on biomolecular systems, but data on host-guest and supramolecular systems are also important and being included over time. It is expected that the enhanced access to data provided by this resource will facilitate drug-discovery, the design of sel...

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Biological and Physical Sciences (BPS) Microscopy Benchmark Training Dataset

fluorescence imagingGeneLabgeneticgenetic mapsmicroscopyNASA SMD AI

Fluorescence microscopy images of individual nuclei from mouse fibroblast cells, irradiated with Fe particles or X-rays with fluorescent foci indicating 53BP1 positivity, a marker of DNA damage. These are maximum intensity projections of 9-layer microscopy Z-stacks.

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Biological and Physical Sciences (BPS) RNA Sequencing Benchmark Training Dataset

gene expressionGeneLabgeneticgenetic mapsNASA SMD AIspace biology

RNA sequencing data from spaceflown and control mouse liver samples, sourced from NASA GeneLab and augmented with generative adversarial network.

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COVID-19 Data Lake

amazon.sciencebioinformaticsbiologycoronavirusCOVID-19healthlife sciencesmedicineMERSSARS

A centralized repository of up-to-date and curated datasets on or related to the spread and characteristics of the novel corona virus (SARS-CoV-2) and its associated illness, COVID-19. Globally, there are several efforts underway to gather this data, and we are working with partners to make this crucial data freely available and keep it up-to-date. Hosted on the AWS cloud, we have seeded our curated data lake with COVID-19 case tracking data from Johns Hopkins and The New York Times, hospital bed availability from Definitive Healthcare, and over 45,000 research articles about COVID-19 and rela...

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Cancer Genome Characterization Initiatives - Burkitt Lymphoma, HIV+ Cervical Cancer

cancergenomiclife sciencesSTRIDEStranscriptomics

The Cancer Genome Characterization Initiatives (CGCI) program supports cutting-edge genomics research of adult and pediatric cancers. CGCI investigators develop and apply advanced sequencing methods that examine genomes, exomes, and transcriptomes within various types of tumors. The program includes Burkitt Lymphoma Genome Sequencing Project (BLGSP) project and HIV+ Tumor Molecular Characterization Project - Cervical Cancer (HTMCP-CC) project. The dataset contains open Clinical Supplement, Biospecimen Supplement, RNA-Seq Gene Expression Quantification, miRNA-Seq Isoform Expression Quantificati...

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Cell Painting Image Collection

biologycell imagingcell paintingfluorescence imaginghigh-throughput imagingimaginglife sciencesmicroscopy

The Cell Painting Image Collection is a collection of freely downloadable microscopy image sets. Cell Painting is an unbiased high throughput imaging assay used to analyze perturbations in cell models. In addition to the images themselves, each set includes a description of the biological application and some type of "ground truth" (expected results). Researchers are encouraged to use these image sets as reference points when developing, testing, and publishing new image analysis algorithms for the life sciences. We hope that the this data set will lead to a better understanding of w...

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Cloud Indexes for Bowtie, Kraken, HISAT, and Centrifuge

bioinformaticsbiologygenomicmappingmedicinereference indexwhole genome sequencing

Genomic tools use reference databases as indexes to operate quickly and efficiently, analogous to how web search engines use indexes for fast querying. Here, we aggregate genomic, pan-genomic and metagenomic indexes for analysis of sequencing data.

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Collection of open nation-scale LiDAR datasets

earth observationgeosciencegeospatialland coverlidarmappingsurvey

The goal of this project is to collect all publicly available large scale LiDAR datasets and archive them in an uniform fashion for easy access and use. Initial efforts to collect the datasets are concentrated on Europe and will be in future expanded to USA and other regions, striving for global coverage. Every dataset includes files in original data format and translated to COPC format. For faster browsing, we include an overview file that includes a small subset of data points from every dataset file in a single COPC file.

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Consented Activities of People

activity detectionactivity recognitioncomputer visionlabeledmachine learningprivacyvideo

The Consented Activities of People (CAP) dataset is a fine grained activity dataset for visual AI research curated using the Visym Collector platform.

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Copernicus Digital Elevation Model (DEM)

agriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationelevationgeospatialsatellite imagery

The Copernicus DEM is a Digital Surface Model (DSM) which represents the surface of the Earth including buildings, infrastructure and vegetation. We provide two instances of Copernicus DEM named GLO-30 Public and GLO-90. GLO-90 provides worldwide coverage at 90 meters. GLO-30 Public provides limited worldwide coverage at 30 meters because a small subset of tiles covering specific countries are not yet released to the public by the Copernicus Programme. Note that in both cases ocean areas do not have tiles, there one can assume height values equal to zero. Data is provided as Cloud Optimized Ge...

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CoversBR

copyright monitoringcover song identificationlive song identificationmusicmusic features datasetmusic information retrievalmusic recognition

CoversBR is the first large audio database with, predominantly, Brazilian music for the tasks of Covers Song Identification (CSI) and Live Song Identifications (LSI). Due to copyright restrictions audios of the songs cannot be made available, however metadata and files of features have public access. Audio streamings captured from radio and TV channels for the live song identification task will be made public. CoversBR is composed of metadata and features extracted from 102298 songs, distributed in 26366 groups of covers/versions, with an average of 3.88 versions per group. The entire collecti...

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Covid Job Impacts - US Hiring Data Since March 1 2020

COVID-19economicsfinancial marketshiringmarket data

This dataset provides daily updates on the volume of US job listings filtered by geography industry job family and role; normalized to pre-covid levels.These data files feed the business intelligence visuals at covidjobimpacts.greenwich.hr, a public-facing site hosted by Greenwich.HR and OneModel Inc. Data is derived from online job listings tracked continuously, calculated daily and published nightly. On average data from 70% of all new US jobs are captured, and the dataset currently contains data from 3.3 million hiring organizations.Data for each filter segment is represented as the 7-day ...

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DNAStack COVID19 SRA Data

bambioinformaticscoronavirusCOVID-19fastafastqgeneticgenomicglobalhealthlife scienceslong read sequencingSARS-CoV-2vcfviruswhole genome sequencing

The Sequence Read Archive (SRA) is the primary archive of high-throughput sequencing data, hosted by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The SRA represents the largest publicly available repository of SARS-CoV-2 sequencing data. This dataset was created by DNAstack using SARS-CoV-2 sequencing data sourced from the SRA. Where possible, raw sequence data were processed by DNAstack through a unified bioinformatics pipeline to produce genome assemblies and variant calls. The use of a standardized workflow to produce this harmonized dataset allows public data generated using different methodol...

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DigitalCorpora

computer forensicscomputer securityCSIcyber securitydigital forensicsimage processingimaginginformation retrievalinternetintrusion detectionmachine learningmachine translationtext analysis

Disk images, memory dumps, network packet captures, and files for use in digital forensics research and education. All of this information is accessible through the digitalcorpora.org website, and made available at s3://digitalcorpora/. Some of these datasets implement scenarios that were performed by students, faculty, and others acting in persona. As such, the information is synthetic and may be used without prior authorization or IRB approval. Details of these datasets can be found at Details →

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Downscaled Climate Data for Alaska (v1.1, August 2023)

agricultureclimatecoastalearth observationenvironmentalsustainabilityweather

This dataset contains historical and projected dynamically downscaled climate data for the State of Alaska and surrounding regions at 20km spatial resolution and hourly temporal resolution. Select variables are also summarized into daily resolutions. This data was produced using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model (Version 3.5). We downscaled both ERA-Interim historical reanalysis data (1979-2015) and both historical and projected runs from 2 GCM’s from the Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project 5 (CMIP5): GFDL-CM3 and NCAR-CCSM4 (historical run: 1970-2005 and RCP 8.5: 2006-2100)....

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EMory BrEast Imaging Dataset (EMBED)

biasbiologycancerhealthimagingmammographyx-ray

EMBED is a racially diverse mammography dataset containing 3.4M screening and diagnostic images from 110,000 patients collected from 2013-2020, with an equal representation of black and white women. The dataset is comprised of 2D, synthetic 2D (C-view), and 3D (digital breast tomosynthesis, i.e. DBT) images. It contains 60,000 annotated lesions linked to structured imaging descriptors and ground truth pathologic outcomes grouped into six severity classes. This release represents 20% of the total 2D and C-view dataset and is available for research use. DBT, US, and MRI exams will be added at a ...

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Ford Multi-AV Seasonal Dataset

autonomous vehiclescomputer visionlidarmappingroboticstransportationurbanweather

This research presents a challenging multi-agent seasonal dataset collected by a fleet of Ford autonomous vehicles at different days and times during 2017-18. The vehicles The vehicles were manually driven on an average route of 66 km in Michigan that included a mix of driving scenarios like the Detroit Airport, freeways, city-centres, university campus and suburban neighbourhood, etc. Each vehicle used in this data collection is a Ford Fusion outfitted with an Applanix POS-LV inertial measurement unit (IMU), four HDL-32E Velodyne 3D-lidar scanners, 6 Point Grey 1.3 MP Cameras arranged on the...

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GATK Structural Variation (SV) Data

bioinformaticsbiologycromwellgatk-svgeneticgenomiclife sciencesstructural variation

This dataset holds the data needed to run a structural variation discovery pipeline for Illumina short-read whole-genome sequencing (WGS) data in AWS.

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Genomic Characterization of Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer

cancergenomiclife sciencesSTRIDESwhole genome sequencing

Biopsies of castration resistant prostate cancer metastases were subjected to whole genome sequencing (WGS), along with RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq). The overarching goal of the study is to illuminate molecular mechanisms of acquired resistance to therapeutic agents, and particularly androgen signaling inhibitors, in the treatment of metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). This study is made available on AWS via the NIH STRIDES Initiative.

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Harvard Electroencephalography Database

bioinformaticsdeep learninglife sciencesmachine learningmedicineneurophysiologyneuroscience

The Harvard EEG Database will encompass data gathered from four hospitals affiliated with Harvard University:Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH), Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC), and Boston Children's Hospital (BCH).

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Harvard-Emory ECG Database

bioinformaticsdeep learninglife sciencesmachine learningmedicineneurophysiologyneuroscience

The Harvard-Emory ECG database (HEEDB) is a large collection of 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG) recordings, prepared through a collaboration between Harvard University and Emory University investigators.

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High Resolution Canopy Height Maps by WRI and Meta

aerial imageryagricultureclimatecogearth observationgeospatialimage processingland covermachine learningsatellite imagery

Canopy Height maps for a selection of regions. Created using machine learning models on high-resolution worldwide Maxar satellite imagery.

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Indexes for Kaiju

bioinformaticsbiologygenomiclife sciencesmetagenomicsmicrobiomereference indexwhole genome sequencing

This dataset comprises pre-built indexes for the bioinformatics software Kaiju, which is used for taxonomic classification of metagenomic sequencing data. Various indexes for different source reference databases are available.

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Integrative Analysis of Lung Adenocarcinoma in Environment and Genetics Lung cancer Etiology (Phase 2)

cancerepigenomicsgenomiclife sciencesSTRIDESwhole exome sequencingwhole genome sequencing

We performed whole genome sequencing and whole exome sequencing of 31 lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) samples from the Environment And Genetics in Lung cancer Etiology (EAGLE) study. The EAGLE study is made available on AWS via the NIH STRIDES Initiative (https://aws.amazon.com/blogs/publicsector/aws-and-national-institutes-of-health-collaborate-to-accelerate-discoveries-with-strides-initiative/).

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NASA Physical Sciences Informatics (PSI)

chemistryfluid dynamicsmaterials sciencephysicsspace biology

NASA's Physical Sciences Research Program, along with its predecessors, has conducted significant fundamental and applied research in the physical sciences. The International Space Station (ISS) is an orbiting laboratory that provides an ideal facility to conduct long-duration experiments in the near absence of gravity and allows continuous and interactive research similar to Earth-based laboratories. This enables scientists to pursue innovations and discoveries not currently achievable by other means. NASA's Physical Sciences Research Program also benefits from collaborations with several of the ISS international partners—Europe, Russia, Japan, and Canada—and foreign governments with space programs, such as France, Germany and Italy.

In fulfillment of the Open Science model, NASA's Physical Sciences Research Program is pleased to offer the PSI data repository for physical science experiments performed in reduced-gravity environments such as the ISS, Space Shuttle flights, and Free-flyers. PSI also includes data from some related ground-based studies. The PSI system is accessible and open to the public. This provides the opportunity for researchers to data mine results from prior flight investigations, expanding on the research performed. This approach will allow numerous ground-based investigations to be conducted fro
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NOAA Analysis of Record for Calibration (AORC) Dataset

agricultureagricultureclimatedisaster responseenvironmentaltransportationweather

The Analysis Of Record for Calibration (AORC) is a gridded record of near-surface weather conditions covering the continental United States and Alaska and their hydrologically contributing areas. It is defined on a latitude/longitude spatial grid with a mesh length of 30 arc seconds (~800 m), and a temporal resolution of one hour. Elements include hourly total precipitation, temperature, specific humidity, terrain-level pressure, downward longwave and shortwave radiation, and west-east and south-north wind components. It spans the period from 1979 across the Continental U.S. (CONUS) and from 1981 across Alaska, to the near-present (at all locations). This suite of eight variables is sufficient to drive most land-surface and hydrologic models and is used as input to the National Water Model (NWM) retrospective simulation. While the native AORC process generates netCDF output, the data is post-processed to create a cloud optimized Zarr formatted equivalent for dissemination using cloud technology and infrastructure.

AORC Version 1.1 dataset creation
The AORC dataset was created after reviewing, identifying, and processing multiple large-scale, observation, and analysis datasets. There are two versions of The Analysis Of Record for Calibration (AORC) data.

The initial AORC Version 1.0 dataset was completed in November 2019 and consisted of a grid with 8 elements at a resolution of 30 arc seconds. The AORC version 1.1 dataset was created to address issues "see Table 1 in Fall et al., 2023" in the version 1.0 CONUS dataset. Full documentation on version 1.1 of the AORC data and the related journal publication are provided below.

The native AORC version 1.1 process creates a dataset that consists of netCDF files with the following dimensions: 1 hour, 4201 latitude values (ranging from 25.0 to 53.0), and 8401 longitude values (ranging from -125.0 to -67).

The data creation runs with a 10-day lag to ensure the inclusion of any corrections to the input Stage IV and NLDAS data.

Note - The full extent of the AORC grid as defined in its data files exceed those cited above; those outermost rows and columns of data grids are filled with missing values and are the remnant of an early set of required AORC extents that have since been adjusted inward.

AORC Version 1.1 Zarr Conversion

The goal for converting the AORC data from netCDF to Zarr was to allow users to quickly and efficiently load/use the data. For example, one year of data takes 28 mins to load via NetCDF while only taking 3.2 seconds to load via Zarr (resulting in a substantial increase in speed). For longer periods of time, the percentage increase in speed using Zarr (vs NetCDF) is even higher. Using Zarr also leads to less memory and CPU utilization.

It was determined that the optimal conversion for the data was 1 year worth of Zarr files with a chunk size of 18MB. The chunking was completed across all 8 variables. The chunks consist of the following dimensions: 144 time, 128 latitude, and 256 longitude. To create the files in the Zarr format, the NetCDF files were rechunked using chunk() and "Xarray". After chunking the files, they were converted to a monthly Zarr file. Then, each monthly Zarr file was combined using "to_zarr" to create a Zarr file that represents a full year

Users wanting more than 1 year of data will be able to utilize Zarr utilities/libraries to combine multiple years up to the span of the full data set.

There are eight variables representing the meteorological conditions
Total Precipitaion (APCP_surface)

  1. Hourly total precipitation (kgm-2 or mm) for Calibration (AORC) dataset
Air Temperature (TMP_2maboveground)
  1. Temperature (at 2 m above-ground-level (AGL)) (K)
Specific Humidity (SPFH_2maboveground)
  1. Specific humidity (at 2 m AGL) (g g-1)
Downward Long-Wave Radiation Flux (DLWRF_surface)
  1. longwave (infrared)
  2. radiation flux (at the surface) (W m-2)
Downward Short-Wave Radiation Flux (DSWRF_surface)
  1. Downward shortwave (solar)
  2. radiation flux (at the surface) (W m-2)
Pressure (PRES_surface)
  1. Air pressure (at the surface) (Pa)
**U-Component of Wind (UGRD_10maboveground)"
1)U (west-east) - components of the wind (at 10 m AGL) (m s-1)
**V-Component of Wind (VGRD_10maboveground)"
  1. V (south-north) - components of the wind (at 10 m AGL) (m s-1)

Precipitation and Temperature

The gridded AORC precipitation dataset contains one-hour Accumulated Surface Precipitation (APCP) ending at the “top” of each hour, in liquid water-equivalent units (kg m-2 to the nearest 0.1 kg m-2), while the gridded AORC temperature dataset is comprised of instantaneous, 2 m above-ground-level (AGL) temperatures at the top of each hour (in Kelvin, to the nearest 0.1).

Specific Humidity, Pressure, Downward Radiation, Wind

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NOAA Climate Forecast System (CFS)

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather

The Climate Forecast System (CFS) is a model representing the global interaction between Earth's oceans, land, and atmosphere. Produced by several dozen scientists under guidance from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP), this model offers hourly data with a horizontal resolution down to one-half of a degree (approximately 56 km) around Earth for many variables. CFS uses the latest scientific approaches for taking in, or assimilating, observations from data sources including surface observations, upper air balloon observations, aircraft observations, and satellite obser...

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NOAA Emergency Response Imagery

aerial imageryclimatecogdisaster responseweather

In order to support NOAA's homeland security and emergency response requirements, the National Geodetic Survey Remote Sensing Division (NGS/RSD) has the capability to acquire and rapidly disseminate a variety of spatially-referenced datasets to federal, state, and local government agencies, as well as the general public. Remote sensing technologies used for these projects have included lidar, high-resolution digital cameras, a film-based RC-30 aerial camera system, and hyperspectral imagers. Examples of rapid response initiatives include acquiring high resolution images with the Emerge/App...

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NOAA Multi-Radar/Multi-Sensor System (MRMS)

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather

The MRMS system was developed to produce severe weather, transportation, and precipitation products for improved decision-making capability to improve hazardous weather forecasts and warnings, along with hydrology, aviation, and numerical weather prediction.

MRMS is a system with fully-automated algorithms that quickly and intelligently integrate data streams from multiple radars, surface and upper air observations, lightning detection systems, satellite observations, and forecast models. Numerous two-dimensional multiple-sensor products offer assistance for hail, wind, tornado, quantitative precipitation estimations, convection, icing, and turbulence diagnosis.

MRMS is being used to develop and test new Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) NextGen products in addition to advancing techniques in quality control, icing detection, and turbulence in collaboration with the National Center for Atmospheric Research, the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, and Lincoln Laboratories.

MRMS was deployed operationally in 2014 at the National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP). All of the 100+ products it produces are available via NCEP to all of the WFOs, RFCs, CWSUs and NCEP service centers. In addition, the MRMS product suite is publicly available to any other entity who wishes to access and use the data. Other federal agencies that use MRMS include FEMA, DOD, FAA, and USDA.


MRMS is the proposed operational version of the WDSS-II and NMQ research systems.


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NOAA Unified Forecast System Subseasonal to Seasonal Prototypes

agricultureclimatedisaster responseenvironmentalmeteorologicaloceansweather

The Unified Forecast System Subseasonal to Seasonal prototypes consist of reforecast data from the UFS atmosphere-ocean coupled model experimental prototype version 5, 6, 7, and 8 produced by the Medium Range and Subseasonal to Seasonal Application team of the UFS-R2O project. The UFS prototypes are the first dataset released to the broader weather community for analysis and feedback as part of the development of the next generation operational numerical weather prediction system from NWS. The datasets includes all the major weather variables for atmosphere, land, ocean, sea ice, and ocean wav...

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NOAA World Ocean Database (WOD)

climateoceans

The World Ocean Database (WOD) is the largest uniformly formatted, quality-controlled, publicly available historical subsurface ocean profile database. From Captain Cook's second voyage in 1772 to today's automated Argo floats, global aggregation of ocean variable information including temperature, salinity, oxygen, nutrients, and others vs. depth allow for study and understanding of the changing physical, chemical, and to some extent biological state of the World's Oceans. Browse the bucket via the AWS S3 explorer: https://noaa-wod-pds.s3.amazonaws.com/index.html

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  • The World Ocean Database User's Manual by Hernan E. Garcia, Tim P. Boyer, Ricardo A. Locarnini, Olga K. Baranova, Melissa M. Zweng
  • The World Ocean Database Introduction by Tim P. Boyer, Olga K. Baranova, Carla Coleman, Hernan E. Garcia, Alexandra Grodsky, Ricardo A. Locarnini, Alexey V. Mishonov, Christopher R. Paver, James R. Reagan, Dan Seidov, Igor V. Smolyar, Katharine W. Weathers, Melissa M. Zweng

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National Archives Catalog

archivesgovernment recordsnaranational archives catalog

The National Archives Catalog dataset contains all of the descriptions; authority records; digitized and electronic records; and tags, transcriptions and comments for NARA’s archival holdings available in the Catalog.

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National Cancer Institute Center for Cancer Research - Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) Genomics and Expression

cancergenomic

The study describes integrative analysis of genetic lesions in 574 diffuse large B cell lymphomas (DLBCL) involving exome and transcriptome sequencing, array-based DNA copy number analysis and targeted amplicon resequencing. The dataset contains open RNA-Seq Gene Expression Quantification data.

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Nighttime-Fire-Flare

anomaly detectionclassificationdisaster responseearth observationenvironmentalNASA SMD AIsatellite imagerysocioeconomicurban

Detection of nighttime combustion (fire and gas flaring) from daily top of atmosphere data from NASA's Black Marble VNP46A1 product using VIIRS Day/Night Band and VIIRS thermal bands.

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OpenCRAVAT

geneticgenomiclife sciencessqlitetertiary analysisvariant annotation

OpenCRAVAT is a module variant annotation tool developed by KarchinLab at Johns Hopkins. This dataset is a mirror of the OpenCRAVAT store available at https://store.opencravat.org. You can configure OpenCRAVAT to use this mirror by editing the "cravat-system.yml" file. The path to this file is in the first output line of the command "oc config system". In that file, change the value of "store_url" to "https://opencravat-store-aws.s3.amazonaws.com".

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Oregon Health & Science University Chronic Neutrophilic Leukemia Dataset

cancergenomiclife sciences

The OHSU-CNL study offers the whole exome and RNA-sequencing on a cohort of 100 cases with rare hematologic malignancies such as Chronic neutrophilic leukemia (CNL), atypical chronic myeloid leukemia (aCML), and unclassified myelodysplastic syndrome/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MDS/MPN-U). This dataset contains open RNA-Seq Gene Expression Quantification data.

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PALSAR-2 ScanSAR Turkey & Syria Earthquake (L2.1 & L1.1)

agriculturecogdeafricadisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsustainabilitysynthetic aperture radar

JAXA has responded to the Earthquake events in Turkey and Syria by conducting emergency disaster observations and providing data as requested by the Disaster and Emergency Management Authority (AFAD), Ministry of Interior in Turkey, through Sentinel Asia and the International Disaster Charter. Additional information on the event and dataset can be found here. The 25 m PALSAR-2 ScanSAR is normalized backscatter data of PALSAR-2 broad area observation mode with observation width of 350 km. Polarization data are stored as 16-bit digital numbers (DN). The DN values can be converted to gamma naught...

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Pancreatic Cancer Organoid Profiling

cancergeneticgenomicSTRIDEStranscriptomicswhole genome sequencing

This study generated a collection of patient-derived pancreatic normal and cancer organoids and it was sequenced using Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS), Whole Exome Sequencing (WXS) and RNA-Seq as well as matched tumor and normal tissue if available. The study provides a valuable resource for pancreatic cancer researchers. The dataset contains open RNA-Seq Gene Expression Quantification data and controlled WGS/WXS/RNA-Seq Aligned Reads, WXS Annotated Somatic Mutation, WXS Raw Somatic Mutation, and RNA-Seq Splice Junction Quantification.

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Protein Data Bank 3D Structural Biology Data

amino acidarchivesbioinformaticsbiomolecular modelingcell biologychemical biologyCOVID-19electron microscopyelectron tomographyenzymelife sciencesmoleculenuclear magnetic resonancepharmaceuticalproteinprotein templateSARS-CoV-2structural biologyx-ray crystallography

The "Protein Data Bank (PDB) archive" was established in 1971 as the first open-access digital data archive in biology. It is a collection of three-dimensional (3D) atomic-level structures of biological macromolecules (i.e., proteins, DNA, and RNA) and their complexes with one another and various small-molecule ligands (e.g., US FDA approved drugs, enzyme co-factors). For each PDB entry (unique identifier: 1abc or PDB_0000001abc) multiple data files contain information about the 3D atomic coordinates, sequences of biological macromolecules, information about any small molecules/ligan...

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RAPID NRT Flood Maps

agriculturedisaster responseearth observationenvironmentalwater

Near Real-time and archival data of High-resolution (10 m) flood inundation dataset over the Contiguous United States, developed based on the Sentinel-1 SAR imagery (2016-current) archive, using an automated Radar Produced Inundation Diary (RAPID) algorithm.

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REDASA COVID-19 Open Data

coronavirusCOVID-19information retrievallife sciencesnatural language processingtext analysis

The REaltime DAta Synthesis and Analysis (REDASA) COVID-19 snapshot contains the output of the curation protocol produced by our curator community. A detailed description can be found in our paper. The first S3 bucket listed in Resources contains a large collection of medical documents in text format extracted from the CORD-19 dataset, plus other sources deemed relevant by the REDASA consortium. The second S3 bucket contains a series of documents surfaced by Amazon Kendra that were considered relevant for each medical question asked. The final S3 bucket contains the GroundTruth annotations cr...

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Reference data for HiFi human WGS

genetichealthHomo sapienslife scienceslong read sequencingmappingvariant annotationvcfwhole genome sequencing

Reference data bundle for analyzing HiFi human whole genome sequencing data

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Sentinel-1 SLC dataset for South and Southeast Asia, Taiwan, Korea and Japan

disaster responseearth observationenvironmentalgeospatialsatellite imagerysynthetic aperture radar

The S1 Single Look Complex (SLC) dataset contains Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data in the C-Band wavelength. The SAR sensors are installed on a two-satellite (Sentinel-1A and Sentinel-1B) constellation orbiting the Earth with a combined revisit time of six days, operated by the European Space Agency. The S1 SLC data are a Level-1 product that collects radar amplitude and phase information in all-weather, day or night conditions, which is ideal for studying natural hazards and emergency response, land applications, oil spill monitoring, sea-ice conditions, and associated climate change effec...

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Sounds of Central African landscapes

biodiversitybiologyecosystemsgeospatiallandlife sciencesnatural resourcesurvey

Archival soundscapes recorded in the rainforest landscapes of Central Africa, with a focus on the vocalizations of African forest elephants (Loxodonta cyclotis).

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Sub-Meter Canopy Tree Height of California in 2020 by CTrees.org

aerial imagerycogconservationdeep learningearth observationenvironmentalgeospatialimage processingland cover

Canopy Tree Height maps for California in 2020. Created using a deep learning model on very-high-resolution airborne imagery from the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP) by United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

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TIGER Training

cancercomputational pathologycomputer visiondeep learninggrand-challenge.orghistopathologylife sciences

"This dataset contains the training data for the Tumor InfiltratinG lymphocytes in breast cancER or TIGER challenge. TIGER is the first challenge on fully automated assessment of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in breast cancer histopathology slides. TILs are proving to be an important biomarker in cancer patients as they can play a part in killing tumor cells, particularly in some types of breast cancer. Identifying and measuring TILs can help to better target treatments, particularly immunotherapy, and may result in lower levels of other more aggressive treatments, including chemo...

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Terra Fusion Data Sampler

geospatialsatellite imagery

The Terra Basic Fusion dataset is a fused dataset of the original Level 1 radiances from the five Terra instruments. They have been fully validate to contain the original Terra instrument Level 1 data. Each Level 1 Terra Basic Fusion file contains one full Terra orbit of data and is typically 15 – 40 GB in size, depending on how much data was collected for that orbit. It contains instrument radiance in physical units; radiance quality indicator; geolocation for each IFOV at its native resolution; sun-view geometry; bservation time; and other attributes/metadata. It is stored in HDF5, conformed to CF conventions, and accessible by netCDF-4 enhanced models. It’s naming convention follows: TERRA_BF_L1B_OXXXX_YYYYMMDDHHMMSS_F000_V000.h5. A concise description of the dataset, along with links to complete documentation and available software tools, can be found on the Terra Fusion project page: https://terrafusion.web.illinois.edu.

Terra is the flagship satellite of NASA’s Earth Observing System (EOS). It was launched into orbit on December 18, 1999 and carries five instruments. These are the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR), the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), the Clouds and Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES), and the Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT).

The Terra Basic Fusion dataset is an easy-to-access record of the Level 1 radiances for instruments on...

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Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS)

astronomy

The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) is a multi-year survey that has discovered exoplanets in orbit around bright stars across the entire sky using high-precision photometry. The survey also enables a wide variety of stellar astrophysics, solar system science, and extragalactic variability studies. More information about TESS is available at MAST and the TESS Science Support Center.

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USGS COAWST (Coupled Ocean Atmosphere Wave and Sediment Transport) Forecast Model Archive, US East and Gulf Coasts

oceans

The COAWST modeling system has been used to simulate ocean, wave and sediment transport processes along the of US East Coast and Gulf of Mexico. The grid has a horizontal resolution of approximately 5km and is resolved with 16 vertical terrain following levels. The model has been executed on a daily basis since August 2009 with outputs written every hour. This archive contains model output from 2009-08-21 to 2022-06-17.

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UniProt

bioinformaticsbiologychemistryenzymegraphlife sciencesmoleculeproteinRDFSPARQL

The Universal Protein Resource (UniProt) is a comprehensive resource for protein sequence and annotation data. The UniProt databases are the UniProt Knowledgebase (UniProtKB), the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef), and the UniProt Archive (UniParc). The UniProt consortium and host institutions EMBL-EBI, SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics and PIR are committed to the long-term preservation of the UniProt databases.

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Whiffle WINS50 Open Data on AWS

atmosphereelectricitymeteorologicalmodelsustainabilityturbulenceweatherzarr

Large Eddy Simulation (LES) data of the Winds of the North Sea in 2050 (WINS50) project.

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1000 Genomes

fastqgeneticgenomiclife scienceswhole genome sequencing

The 1000 Genomes Project is an international collaboration which has established the most detailed catalogue of human genetic variation, including SNPs, structural variants, and their haplotype context. The final phase of the project sequenced more than 2500 individuals from 26 different populations around the world and produced an integrated set of phased haplotypes with more than 80 million variants for these individuals.

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3-Band Cryo Data | Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE)

astronomyimagingsatellite imagerysurvey

The Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) was a NASA Medium Explorer satellite in low-Earth orbit that conducted an all-sky astronomical imaging survey over four infrared bands from 2010-2011. The 3-Band Cryo Data Release contains 3.4, 4.6 and 12 micron (W1, W2, W3) imaging data that were acquired between 6 Aug and 29 Sept 2010 while the detectors were cooled by the inner cryogen tank following the exhaustion of the outer tank.

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3DCoMPaT: Composition of Materials on Parts of 3D Things

computer visionmachine learning

3D CoMPaT is a richly annotated large-scale dataset of rendered compositions of Materials on Parts of thousands of unique 3D Models. This dataset primarily focuses on stylizing 3D shapes at part-level with compatible materials. Each object with the applied part-material compositions is rendered from four equally spaced views as well as four randomized views. We introduce a new task, called Grounded CoMPaT Recognition (GCR), to collectively recognize and ground compositions of materials on parts of 3D objects. We present two variations of this task and adapt state-of-art 2D/3D deep learning met...

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A2D2: Audi Autonomous Driving Dataset

autonomous vehiclescomputer visiondeep learninglidarmachine learningmappingrobotics

An open multi-sensor dataset for autonomous driving research. This dataset comprises semantically segmented images, semantic point clouds, and 3D bounding boxes. In addition, it contains unlabelled 360 degree camera images, lidar, and bus data for three sequences. We hope this dataset will further facilitate active research and development in AI, computer vision, and robotics for autonomous driving.

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AI2 Diagram Dataset (AI2D)

machine learning

4,817 illustrative diagrams for research on diagram understanding and associated question answering.

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AI2 Meaningful Citations Data Set

csvmachine learning

630 paper annotations

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AI2 Reasoning Challenge (ARC) 2018

csvjsonmachine learning

7,787 multiple choice science questions and associated corpora

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ARPA-E PERFORM Forecast data

energyenvironmentalgeospatialmodelsolar

The ARPA-E PERFORM Program is an ARPA-E funded program that aim to use time-coincident power and load seeks to develop innovative management systems that represent the relative delivery risk of each asset and balance the collective risk of all assets across the grid. A risk-driven paradigm allows operators to: (i) fully understand the true likelihood of maintaining a supply-demand balance and system reliability, (ii) optimally manage the system, and (iii) assess the true value of essential reliability services. This paradigm shift is critical for all power systems and is essential for grids wi...

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All-Sky Data | Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE)

astronomyimagingsatellite imagerysurvey

The Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) was a NASA Medium Explorer satellite in low-Earth orbit that conducted an all-sky astronomical imaging survey over four infrared bands from 2010-2011. The All-Sky Release includes all data taken during the WISE full cryogenic mission phase, 7 January 2010 to 6 August 2010, in the 3.4, 4.6, 12, and 22 micron bands (i.e., W1, W2, W3, W4) that were processed with improved calibrations and reduction algorithms.

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AllWISE Data | Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE)

astronomyimagingobject detectionparquetsatellite imagerysurvey

The Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) was a NASA Medium Explorer satellite in low-Earth orbit that conducted an all-sky astronomical imaging survey over four infrared bands from 2010-2011. The AllWISE Data Release combines data from all cryogenic and post-cryogenic survey phases and provides a comprehensive view of the mid-infrared sky. The Images Atlas includes 18,240 FITS image sets at 3.4, 4.6, 12 and 22 microns. The Source Catalog contains position, apparent motion, and flux information for over 747 million objects detected on the Atlas Images.

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Allen Brain Observatory - Visual Coding AWS Public Data Set

electrophysiologyimage processingimaginglife sciencesMus musculusneurobiologyneuroimagingsignal processing

The Allen Brain Observatory – Visual Coding is a large-scale, standardized survey of physiological activity across the mouse visual cortex, hippocampus, and thalamus. It includes datasets collected with both two-photon imaging and Neuropixels probes, two complementary techniques for measuring the activity of neurons in vivo. The two-photon imaging dataset features visually evoked calcium responses from GCaMP6-expressing neurons in a range of cortical layers, visual areas, and Cre lines. The Neuropixels dataset features spiking activity from distributed cortical and subcortical brain regions, c...

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Allen Institute for Neural Dynamics - Mouse Neuroanatomy and Physiology Data

electrophysiologyimage processingimaginglife sciencesMus musculusneurobiologyneuroimagingsignal processing

The Allen Institute for Neural Dynamics (AIND) is committed to FAIR, Open, and Reproducible science. We therefore share all of the raw and derived data we collect publicly with rich metadata, including preliminary data collected during methods development, as near to the time of collection as possible.

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Analysis Ready Sentinel-1 Backscatter Imagery

agriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationenvironmentalgeospatialsatellite imagerystacsynthetic aperture radar

The Sentinel-1 mission is a constellation of C-band Synthetic Aperature Radar (SAR) satellites from the European Space Agency launched since 2014. These satellites collect observations of radar backscatter intensity day or night, regardless of the weather conditions, making them enormously valuable for environmental monitoring. These radar data have been processed from original Ground Range Detected (GRD) scenes into a Radiometrically Terrain Corrected, tiled product suitable for analysis. This product is available over the Contiguous United States (CONUS) since 2017 when Sentinel-1 data becam...

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Astrophysics Division Galaxy Morphology Benchmark Dataset

astronomymachine learningNASA SMD AIsatellite imagery

Hubble Space Telescope imaging data and associated identification labels for galaxy morphology derived from citizen scientist labels from the Galaxy Zoo: Hubble project.

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  • Galaxy Zoo: morphological classifications for 120 000 galaxies in HST legacy imaging by Kyle W. Willett, Melanie A. Galloway, Steven P. Bamford, Chris J. Lintott, Karen L. Masters, Claudia Scarlata, B. D. Simmons, Melanie Beck, Carolin N. Cardamone, Edmond Cheung, Edward M. Edmondson, Lucy F. Fortson, Roger L. Griffith, Boris Häußler, Anna Han, Ross Hart, Thomas Melvin, Michael Parrish, Kevin Schawinski, R. J. Smethurst, Arfon M. Smith

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CIViC (Clinical Interpretation of Variants in Cancer)

geneticgenomiclife sciencesvcf

Precision medicine refers to the use of prevention and treatment strategies that are tailored to the unique features of each individual and their disease. In the context of cancer this might involve the identification of specific mutations shown to predict response to a targeted therapy. The biomedical literature describing these associations is large and growing rapidly. Currently these interpretations exist largely in private or encumbered databases resulting in extensive repetition of effort. Realizing precision medicine will require this information to be centralized, debated and interpret...

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CMS 2008-2010 Data Entrepreneurs’ Synthetic Public Use File (DE-SynPUF) in OMOP Common Data Model

amazon.sciencebioinformaticshealthlife sciencesnatural language processingus

DE-SynPUF is provided here as a 1,000 person (1k), 100,000 person (100k), and 2,300,000 persom (2.3m) data sets in the OMOP Common Data Model format. The DE-SynPUF was created with the goal of providing a realistic set of claims data in the public domain while providing the very highest degree of protection to the Medicare beneficiaries’ protected health information. The purposes of the DE-SynPUF are to:

  1. allow data entrepreneurs to develop and create software and applications that may eventually be applied to actual CMS claims data;
  2. train researchers on the use and complexity of conducting analyses with CMS claims data prior to initiating the process to obtain access to actual CMS data; and,
  3. support safe data mining innovations that may reveal unan...

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COVID-19 Genome Sequence Dataset

bambioinformaticsbiologycoronavirusCOVID-19cramfastqgeneticgenomichealthlife sciencesMERSSARSSTRIDEStranscriptomicsviruswhole genome sequencing

This repository within the ACTIV TRACE initiative houses a comprehensive collection of datasets related to SARS-CoV-2. The processing of SARS-CoV-2 Sequence Read Archive (SRA) files has been optimized to identify genetic variations in viral samples. This information is then presented in the Variant Call Format (VCF). Each VCF file corresponds to the SRA parent-run's accession ID. Additionally, the data is available in the parquet format, making it easier to search and filter using the Amazon Athena Service. The SARS-CoV-2 Variant Calling Pipeline is designed to handle new data every six ho...

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COVID-19 Open Research Dataset (CORD-19)

coronavirusCOVID-19life sciencesMERSSARS

Full-text and metadata dataset of COVID-19 and coronavirus-related research articles optimized for machine readability.

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Co-Produced Climate Data to Support California's Resilience Investments

atmosphereclimateclimate modelearth observationgeosciencegeospatialmeteorologicalsimulationsweatherzarr

Downscaled future and historical climate projections for California and her environs in support of California's Fifth Climate Assessment

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Common Screens

encyclopedicinternetnatural language processing

A corpus of web screenshot and metadata data composed of over 70 million websites.

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Community Earth System Model v2 ARISE (CESM2 ARISE)

atmosphereclimateclimate modelgeospatialicelandmodeloceanssustainability

Data from ARISE-SAI Experiments with CESM2

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Conformational Space of Short Peptides

amino acidbioinformaticsbiomolecular modelinglife sciencesmolecular dynamicsproteinstructural biology

Co-managed by Toyoko and the Structural Biology Group at the Universidad Nacional de Quilmes, this dataset allows us to explore the conformational space of all possible peptides using the 20 common amino acids. It consists of a collection of exhaustive molecular dynamics simulations of tripeptides and pentapeptides.

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Corn Kernel Counting Dataset

agriculturecomputer visionmachine learning

Dataset associated with the March 2021 Frontiers in Robotics and AI paper "Broad Dataset and Methods for Counting and Localization of On-Ear Corn Kernels", DOI: 10.3389/frobt.2021.627009

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Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) University of Wisconsin-Madison Probabilistic Downscaling Dataset

climatecoastaldisaster responseenvironmentalmeteorologicaloceanssustainabilitywaterweather

The University of Wisconsin Probabilistic Downscaling (UWPD) is a statistically downscaled dataset based on the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) climate models. UWPD consists of three variables, daily precipitation and maximum and minimum temperature. The spatial resolution is 0.1°x0.1° degree resolution for the United States and southern Canada east of the Rocky Mountains.

The downscaling methodology is not deterministic. Instead, to properly capture unexplained variability and extreme events, the methodology predicts a spatially and temporally varying Probability Density Function (PDF) for each variable. Statistics such as the mean, mean PDF and annual maximum statistics can be calculated directly from the daily PDF and these statistics are included in the dataset. In addition, “standard”, “raw” data is created by randomly sampling from the PDFs to create a “realization” of the local scale given the large-scale from the climate model. There are 3 realizations for temperature and 14 realizations for precipitation. ...

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Crowdsourced Bathymetry

earth observationoceans

Community provided bathymetry data collected in collaboration with the International Hydrographic Organization.

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Defense Meteorology Satellite Program (DMSP) Auroral Particle Flux

earth observationgeospatialsolarspace weather

The United States Air Force (USAF) Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) SSJ precipitating particle instrument measures in-situ total flux and energy distribution of electrons and ions at low earth orbit. These precipitating particles are of interest for space weather operations and research, in part because they produce aurora during normal and very strong geomagnetic storms. This dataset contains both sensor-level raw data (as detailed in Redmon et al. 2017) and a high-level machine-learning-ready data product.

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Discrete Reasoning Over the content of Paragraphs (DROP)

machine learningnatural language processing

The DROP dataset contains 96k Question and Answer pairs (QAs) over 6.7K paragraphs, split between train (77k QAs), development (9.5k QAs) and a hidden test partition (9.5k QAs).

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End of Term Web Archive Dataset

archivesinternetnatural language processingweb archive

The End of Term Web Archive (EOT) captures and saves U.S. Government websites at the end of presidential administrations. The EOT has thus far preserved websites from administration changes in 2008, 2012, 2016, and 2020. Data from these web crawls have been made openly available in several formats in this dataset.

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Ensemble Meteorological Dataset for Planet Earth, EM-Earth

atmospheremeteorologicalnear-surface air temperaturenetcdfprecipitation

EM-Earth provides data for precipitation, mean air temperature, air temperature range, and dew-point temperature at 0.1° spatial resolution over global land areas from 1950 to 2019. EM-Earth provides hourly/daily deterministic estimates, and daily probabilistic estimates (25 ensemble members), to meet the diverse requirements of hydrometeorological applications.

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GATK Test Data

bioinformaticsbiologycancergeneticgenomiclife sciences

The GATK test data resource bundle is a collection of files for resequencing human genomic data with the Broad Institute's Genome Analysis Toolkit (GATK).

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Geosnap Data, Center for Geospatial Sciences

demographicsgeospatialurban

This bucket contains multiple datasets (as Quilt packages) created by the Center for Geospatial Sciences (CGS) at the University of California-Riverside. The data in this bucket contains the following:

  1. Tabular and geographic data from the US Census
  2. Land Cover imagery collected from Multi-Resolution Land Characteristics Consortium
  3. Road network data processed from OpenStreetMap

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Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Species Occurrences

biodiversitybioinformaticsconservationearth observationlife sciences

The Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) is an international network and data infrastructure funded by the world's governments providing global data that document the occurrence of species. GBIF currently integrates datasets documenting over 1.6 billion species occurrences, growing daily. The GBIF occurrence dataset combines data from a wide array of sources including specimen-related data from natural history museums, observations from citizen science networks and environment recording schemes. While these data are constantly changing at GBIF.org, periodic snapshots are taken a...

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High Resolution Population Density Maps + Demographic Estimates by CIESIN and Meta

aerial imagerydemographicsdisaster responsegeospatialimage processingmachine learningpopulationsatellite imagery

Population data for a selection of countries, allocated to 1 arcsecond blocks and provided in a combination of CSV and Cloud-optimized GeoTIFF files. This refines CIESIN’s Gridded Population of the World using machine learning models on high-resolution worldwide Maxar satellite imagery. CIESIN population counts aggregated from worldwide census data are allocated to blocks where imagery appears to contain buildings.

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High-Order Accurate Direct Numerical Simulation of Flow over a MTU-T161 Low Pressure Turbine Blade

computational fluid dynamicsgreen aviationlow-pressure turbineturbulence

The archive comprises snapshot, point-probe, and time-average data produced via a high-fidelity computational simulation of turbulent air flow over a low pressure turbine blade, which is an important component in a jet engine. The simulation was undertaken using the open source PyFR flow solver on over 5000 Nvidia K20X GPUs of the Titan supercomputer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory under an INCITE award from the US DOE. The data can be used to develop an enhanced understanding of the complex three-dimensional unsteady air flow patterns over turbine blades in jet engines. This could in turn le...

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Human Cancer Models Initiative (HCMI) Cancer Model Development Center

cancergenomiclife sciencesSTRIDESwhole genome sequencing

The Human Cancer Models Initiative (HCMI) is an international consortium that is generating novel, next-generation, tumor-derived culture models annotated with genomic and clinical data. HCMI-developed models and related data are available as a community resource. The NCI is contributing to the initiative by supporting four Cancer Model Development Centers (CMDCs). CMDCs are tasked with producing next-generation cancer models from clinical samples. The cancer models include tumor types that are rare, originate from patients from underrepresented populations, lack precision therapy, or lack ca...

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Human PanGenomics Project

cramfast5fastqgeneticgenomiclife sciences

This dataset includes sequencing data, assemblies, and analyses for the offspring of ten parent-offspring trios.

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IDEAM - Colombian Radar Network

agricultureearth observationmeteorologicalnatural resourceweather

Historical and one-day delay data from the IDEAM radar network.

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Image classification - fast.ai datasets

computer visiondeep learningmachine learning

Some of the most important datasets for image classification research, including CIFAR 10 and 100, Caltech 101, MNIST, Food-101, Oxford-102-Flowers, Oxford-IIIT-Pets, and Stanford-Cars. This is part of the fast.ai datasets collection hosted by AWS for convenience of fast.ai students. See documentation link for citation and license details for each dataset.

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Korean Meteorlogical Administration (KMA) GK-2A Satellite Data

agriculturedisaster responseearth observationgeospatialmeteorologicalsatellite imageryweather

The Geo-KOMPSAT-2A (GK2A) is the new generation geostationary meteorological satellite (located in 128.2°E) of the Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA). The main mission of the GK2A is to observe the atmospheric phenomena over the Asia-Pacific region. The Advance Meteorological Imager (AMI) on GK2A scan the Earth full disk every 10 minutes and the Korean Peninsula area every 2 minutes with a high spatial resolution of 4 visible channels and 12 infrared channels. In addition, the AMI has an ability of flexible target area scanning useful for monitoring severe weather events such as typhoon...

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LOFAR ELAIS-N1 cycle 2 observations on AWS

astronomyimagingsurvey

These data correspond to the International LOFAR Telescope observations of the sky field ELAIS-N1 (16:10:01 +54:30:36) during the cycle 2 of observations. There are 11 runs of about 8 hours each plus the corresponding observation of the calibration targets before and after the target field. The data are measurement sets (MS) containing the cross-correlated data and metadata divided in 371 frequency sub-bands per target centred at ~150 MHz.

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Legal Entity Identifier (LEI) and Legal Entity Reference Data (LE-RD)

analyticsblockchainclimatecommercecopyright monitoringcsvfinancial marketsgovernancegovernment spendingjsonmarket datasocioeconomicstatisticstransparencyxml

The Legal Entity Identifier (LEI) is a 20-character, alpha-numeric code based on the ISO 17442 standard developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). It connects to key reference information that enables clear and unique identification of legal entities participating in financial transactions. Each LEI contains information about an entity’s ownership structure and thus answers the questions of 'who is who’ and ‘who owns whom’. Simply put, the publicly available LEI data pool can be regarded as a global directory, which greatly enhances transparency in the global ma...

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Longitudinal Nutrient Deficiency

aerial imageryagriculturecomputer visiondeep learningmachine learning

Dataset associated with the 2021 AAAI Paper- Detection and Prediction of Nutrient Deficiency Stress using Longitudinal Aerial Imagery. The dataset contains 3 image sequences of aerial imagery from 386 farm parcels which have been annotated for nutrient deficiency stress.

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MODIS MYD13A1, MOD13A1, MYD11A1, MOD11A1, MCD43A4

agriculturedisaster responsegeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagery

Data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), managed by the U.S. Geological Survey and NASA. Five products are included: MCD43A4 (MODIS/Terra and Aqua Nadir BRDF-Adjusted Reflectance Daily L3 Global 500 m SIN Grid), MOD11A1 (MODIS/Terra Land Surface Temperature/Emissivity Daily L3 Global 1 km SIN Grid), MYD11A1 (MODIS/Aqua Land Surface Temperature/Emissivity Daily L3 Global 1 km SIN Grid), MOD13A1 (MODIS/Terra Vegetation Indices 16-Day L3 Global 500 m SIN Grid), and MYD13A1 (MODIS/Aqua Vegetation Indices 16-Day L3 Global 500 m SIN Grid). MCD43A4 has global coverage, all...

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Mars Spectrometry 2: Gas Chromatography for the Sample Analysis at Mars Data (SAM) Instrument

analyticsarchivesdeep learningmachine learningNASA SMD AIplanetary

NASA missions like the Curiosity and Perseverance rovers carry a rich array of instruments suited to collect data and build evidence towards answering if Mars ever had livable environmental conditions. These rovers can collect rock and soil samples and can take measurements that can be used to determine their chemical makeup.

Because communication between rovers and Earth is severely constrained, with limited transfer rates and short daily communication windows, scientists have a limited time to analyze the data and make difficult inferences about the chemistry in order to prioritize the next operations and send those instructions back to the rover.

This project aimed at building a model to automatically analyze gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS) data collected for Mars exploration in order to help the scientists in their analysis of understanding the past habitability of Mars.

More information are available at https://mars.nasa.gov/msl/spacecraft/instruments/sam/ and the data from Mars are available and described at https://pds-geosciences.wustl.edu/missions/msl/sam.htm.

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Mars Spectrometry: Detect Evidence for Past Habitability

analyticsarchivesdeep learningmachine learningNASA SMD AIplanetary

NASA missions like the Curiosity and Perseverance rovers carry a rich array of instruments suited to collect data and build evidence towards answering if Mars ever had livable environmental conditions. These rovers can collect rock and soil samples and can take measurements that can be used to determine their chemical makeup.

Because communication between rovers and Earth is severely constrained, with limited transfer rates and short daily communication windows, scientists have a limited time to analyze the data and make difficult inferences about the chemistry in order to prioritize the next operations and send those instructions back to the rover.

This project aimed at building a model to automatically analyze evolved gas analysis mass spectrometry (EGA-MS) data collected for Mars exploration in order to help the scientists in their analysis of understanding the past habitability of Mars.

More information are available at https://mars.nasa.gov/msl/spacecraft/instruments/sam/ and the data from Mars are available and described at https://pds-geosciences.wustl.edu/missions/msl/sam.htm.

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Multi-robot, Multi-Sensor, Multi-Environment Event Dataset (M3ED)

autonomous vehiclescomputer visiondeep learningevent cameraglobal shutter cameraGNSSGPSh5hdf5IMUlidarmachine learningperceptionroboticsRTK

M3ED is the first multi-sensor event camera (EC) dataset focused on high-speed dynamic motions in robotics applications. M3ED provides high-quality synchronized data from multiple platforms (car, legged robot, UAV), operating in challenging conditions such as off-road trails, dense forests, and performing aggressive flight maneuvers. M3ED also covers demanding operational scenarios for EC, such as high egomotion and multiple independently moving objects. M3ED includes high-resolution stereo EC (1280×720), grayscale and RGB cameras, a high-quality IMU, a 64-beam LiDAR, and RTK localization.

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MultiCoNER Datasets

natural language processing

MultiCoNER 1 is a large multilingual dataset (11 languages) for Named Entity Recognition. It is designed to represent some of the contemporary challenges in NER, including low-context scenarios (short and uncased text), syntactically complex entities such as movie titles, and long-tail entity distributions. MultiCoNER 2 is a large multilingual dataset (12 languages) for fine grained Named Entity Recognition. Its fine-grained taxonomy contains 36 NE classes, representing real-world challenges for NER, where named entities, apart from the surface form, context represents a critical role in disti...

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My School Today

educationgeospatialinfrastructureschools

This database provides estimates of walking travel time of school-aged populations to schools recorded in OpenStreetMap. Population counts of male and female students are sorted into 3 groups of travel time - under 30 minutes, 30-60 minutes, and over 60 minutes. It covers the African continent and is aggregated by first-level administrative divisions.

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NEOWISE Post-Cryo Data | Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE)

astronomyimagingsatellite imagerysurvey

The Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) was a NASA Medium Explorer satellite in low-Earth orbit that conducted an all-sky astronomical imaging survey over four infrared bands from 2010-2011. The NEOWISE Post-Cryo Data Release contains 3.4 and 4.6 micron (W1 and W2) imaging data that were acquired between 29 September 2010 and 1 February 2011 following the exhaustion of the inner and outer cryogen tanks.

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NEOWISE Reactivation Data | Near-Earth Object Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (NEOWISE)

astronomyimagingobject detectionparquetsatellite imagerysurvey

The Near-Earth Object Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (NEOWISE) is a NASA Medium-class Explorer satellite in low-Earth orbit conducting an all-sky astronomical imaging survey over two infrared bands. The NEOWISE Reactivation mission began in 2013 when the original WISE satellite was brought out of hibernation to learn more about the population of near-Earth objects and comets that could pose an impact hazard to the Earth. The data is also used to study a wide range of astrophysical phenomena in the time domain including brown dwarfs, supernovae and active galactic nuclei.

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NIH NCBI PubMed Central (PMC) Article Datasets - Full-Text Biomedical and Life Sciences Journal Articles on AWS

csvlife sciencesSTRIDEStxtxml

PubMed Central® (PMC) is a free full-text archive of biomedical and life sciences journal article at the U.S. National Institutes of Health's National Library of Medicine (NIH/NLM). The PubMed Central (PMC) Article Datasets include full-text articles archived in PMC and made available under license terms that allow for text mining and other types of secondary analysis and reuse. The articles are organized on AWS based on general license type:

The PMC Open Access (OA) Subset, which includes all articles in PMC with a machine-readable Creative Commons license

The Author Manuscript Dataset, which includes all articles collected under a funder policy in PMC and made available in machine-readable formats for text mining

These datasets collectively span
...

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NOAA Coastal Lidar Data

climatedisaster responseelevationgeospatiallidar

Lidar (light detection and ranging) is a technology that can measure the 3-dimentional location of objects, including the solid earth surface. The data consists of a point cloud of the positions of solid objects that reflected a laser pulse, typically from an airborne platform. In addition to the position, each point may also be attributed by the type of object it reflected from, the intensity of the reflection, and other system dependent metadata. The NOAA Coastal Lidar Data is a collection of lidar projects from many different sources and agencies, geographically focused on the coastal areas...

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NOAA Global Forecast System (GFS)

agricultureclimatedisaster responseenvironmentalmeteorologicalweather

NOTE - Upgrade NCEP Global Forecast System to v16.3.0 - Effective November 29, 2022 See notification HERE

The Global Forecast System (GFS) is a weather forecast model produced by the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP). Dozens of atmospheric and land-soil variables are available through this dataset, from temperatures, winds, and precipitation to soil moisture and atmospheric ozone concentration. The entire globe is covered by the GFS at a base horizontal resolution of 18 miles (28 kilometers) between grid points, which is used by the operational forecasters who predict weather out to 16 days in the future. Horizontal resolution drops to 44 miles (70 kilometers) between grid point for forecasts between one week and two weeks.

The NOAA Global Forecast Systems (GFS) Warm Start Initial Conditions are produced by the National Centers for Environmental Prediction Center (NCEP) to run operational deterministic medium-range numerical weather predictions.
The GFS is built with the GFDL Finite-Volume Cubed-Sphere Dynamical Core (FV3) and the Grid-Point Statistical Interpolation (GSI) data assimilation system.
Please visit the links below in the Documentation section to find more details about the model and the data...

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NOAA Global Surface Summary of Day

agricultureclimateenvironmentalnatural resourceregulatoryweather

Global Surface Summary of the Day is derived from The Integrated Surface Hourly (ISH) dataset. The ISH dataset includes global data obtained from the USAF Climatology Center, located in the Federal Climate Complex with NCDC. The latest daily summary data are normally available 1-2 days after the date-time of the observations used in the daily summaries. The online data files begin with 1929 and are at the time of this writing at the Version 8 software level. Over 9000 stations' data are typically available. The daily elements included in the dataset (as available from each station) are:
Mean temperature (.1 Fahrenheit)
Mean dew point (.1 Fahrenheit)
Mean sea level pressure (.1 mb)
Mean station pressure (.1 mb)
Mean visibility (.1 miles)
Mean wind speed (.1 knots)
Maximum sustained wind speed (.1 knots)
Maximum wind gust (.1 knots)
Maximum temperature (.1 Fahrenheit)
Minimum temperature (.1 Fahrenheit)
Precipitation amount (.01 inches)
Snow depth (.1 inches)
Indicator for occurrence of: Fog, Rain or Drizzle, Snow or Ice Pellets, Hail, Thunder, Tornado/Funnel Cloud.

G
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NOAA Integrated Surface Database (ISD)

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather

The Integrated Surface Database (ISD) consists of global hourly and synoptic observations compiled from numerous sources into a gzipped fixed width format. ISD was developed as a joint activity within Asheville's Federal Climate Complex. The database includes over 35,000 stations worldwide, with some having data as far back as 1901, though the data show a substantial increase in volume in the 1940s and again in the early 1970s. Currently, there are over 14,000 "active" stations updated daily in the database. The total uncompressed data volume is around 600 gigabytes; however, it ...

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NOAA Multi-Year Reanalysis of Remotely Sensed Storms (MYRORSS)

agricultureearth observationmeteorologicalnatural resourcesustainabilityweather

The Multi-Year Reanalysis of Remotely Sensed Storms (MYRORSS) consists of radar reflectivity data run through the Multi-Radar, Multi-Sensor (MRMS) framework to create a three-dimensional radar volume on a quasi-Cartesian latitude-longitude grid across the entire contiguous United States. The radar reflectivity grid is also combined with hourly forecast model analyses to produce derived products such as echo top heights and hail size estimates. Radar Doppler velocity data was also processed into two azimuthal shear layer products. The source radar data was from the NEXRAD Level-II archive and the model analyses came from NOAA's Rapid Update Cycle model. Radar reflectivity was quality controlled to remove non-weather echoes and the data set was manually quality contolled to remove errors as revealed through inspection of daily accumulations of the hail size product and the azimuthal shear products. MYRORSS contains data from April 1998 through December 2011. The horizontal resolution is 0.01° by 0.01° and t...

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NOAA National Digital Forecast Database (NDFD)

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather

Please note NWS is Soliciting Comments until April 30, 2024 on Availability of Probabilistic Snow Grids for Select Weather Forecast Offices (WFOs) as an Experimental Element in the National Digital Forecast Database (NDFD) for the Contiguous United States (CONUS). A PDF version of the Public Notice can be found "HERE"

The National Digital Forecast Database (NDFD) is a suite of gridded forecasts of sensible weather elements (e.g., cloud cover, maximum temperature). Forecasts prepared by NWS field offices working in collaboration with the National Centers for Environmental Predictio...

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NOAA National Water Model Short-Range Forecast

agricultureagricultureclimatedisaster responseenvironmentaltransportationweather

The National Water Model (NWM) is a water resources model that simulates and forecasts water budget variables, including snowpack, evapotranspiration, soil moisture and streamflow, over the entire continental United States (CONUS). The model, launched in August 2016, is designed to improve the ability of NOAA to meet the needs of its stakeholders (forecasters, emergency managers, reservoir operators, first responders, recreationists, farmers, barge operators, and ecosystem and floodplain managers) by providing expanded accuracy, detail, and frequency of water information. It is operated by NOA...

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NOAA S-111 Surface Water Currents Data

oceanswater

S-111 is a data and metadata encoding specification that is part of the S-100 Universal Hydrographic Data Model, an international standard for hydrographic data. This collection of data contains surface water currents forecast guidance from NOAA/NOS Operational Forecast Systems, a set of operational hydrodynamic nowcast and forecast modeling systems, for various U.S. coastal waters and the great lakes. The collection also contains surface current forecast guidance output from the NCEP Global Real-Time Ocean Forecast System (GRTOFS) for some offshore areas. These datasets are encoded as HDF-5 f...

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NOAA U.S. Climate Normals

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalsustainabilityweather

The U.S. Climate Normals are a large suite of data products that provide information about typical climate conditions for thousands of locations across the United States. Normals act both as a ruler to compare today’s weather and tomorrow’s forecast, and as a predictor of conditions in the near future. The official normals are calculated for a uniform 30 year period, and consist of annual/seasonal, monthly, daily, and hourly averages and statistics of temperature, precipitation, and other climatological variables from almost 15,000 U.S. weather stations.

NCEI generates the official U.S. norma
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NOAA Wave Ensemble Reforecast

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather

This is a 20-year global wave reforecast generated by WAVEWATCH III model (https://github.com/NOAA-EMC/WW3) forced by GEFSv12 winds (https://noaa-gefs-retrospective.s3.amazonaws.com/index.html). The wave ensemble was run with one cycle per day (at 03Z), spatial resolution of 0.25°X0.25° and temporal resolution of 3 hours. There are five ensemble members (control plus four perturbed members) and, once a week (Wednesdays), the ensemble is expanded to eleven members. The forecast range is 16 days and, once a week (Wednesdays), it extends to 35 days. More information about the wave modeling, wave grids and calibration can be found in the WAVEWATCH III regtest ww3_ufs1.3 (https://github.com/NOAA-EMC/WW3/tree/develop/regtests/ww3_ufs1.3). ...

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NOAA/PMEL Ocean Climate Stations Moorings

climateenvironmentaloceansweather

The mission of the Ocean Climate Stations (OCS) Project is to make meteorological and oceanic measurements from autonomous platforms. Calibrated, quality-controlled, and well-documented climatological measurements are available on the OCS webpage and the OceanSITES Global Data Assembly Centers (GDACs), with near-realtime data available prior to release of the complete, downloaded datasets.

OCS measurements served through the Big Data Program come from OCS high-latitude moored buoys located in the Kuroshio Extension (32°N 145°E) and the Gulf of Alaska (50°N 145°W). Initiated in 2004 and 20
...

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NYUMets Brain Dataset

biologycancercomputer visionhealthimage processingimaginglife sciencesmachine learningmagnetic resonance imagingmedical imagingmedicineneurobiologyneuroimagingsegmentation

This dataset contains 8,000+ brain MRIs of 2,000+ patients with brain metastases.

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Natural Earth

earth observationgeospatialglobalmappingpopulationtiles

Natural Earth is a public domain map dataset available at 1:10m, 1:50m, and 1:110 million scales. Featuring tightly integrated vector and raster data, with Natural Earth you can make a variety of visually pleasing, well-crafted maps with cartography or GIS software.

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New Jersey Statewide Digital Aerial Imagery Catalog

aerial imagerycogearth observationgeospatialimagingmapping

The New Jersey Office of GIS, NJ Office of Information Technology manages a series of 11 digital orthophotography and scanned aerial photo maps collected at various years ranging from 1930 to 2017. Each year’s worth of imagery are available as Cloud Optimized GeoTIFF (COG) files and some years are available as compressed MrSID and/or JP2 files. Additionally, each year of imagery is organized into a tile grid scheme covering the entire geography of New Jersey. Many years share the same tiling grid while others have unique grids as defined by the project at the time.

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New Jersey Statewide LiDAR

elevationgeospatiallidarmapping

Elevation datasets in New Jersey have been collected over several years as several discrete projects. Each project covers a geographic area, which is a subsection of the entire state, and has differing specifications based on the available technology at the time and project budget. The geographic extent of one project may overlap that of a neighboring project. Each of the 18 projects contains deliverable products such as LAS (Lidar point cloud) files, unclassified/classified, tiled to cover project area; relevant metadata records or documents, most adhering to the Federal Geographic Data Com...

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Ohio State Cardiac MRI Raw Data (OCMR)

Homo sapiensimage processingimaginglife sciencesmagnetic resonance imagingsignal processing

OCMR is an open-access repository that provides multi-coil k-space data for cardiac cine. The fully sampled MRI datasets are intended for quantitative comparison and evaluation of image reconstruction methods. The free-breathing, prospectively undersampled datasets are intended to evaluate their performance and generalizability qualitatively.

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OpenSurfaces

computer vision

A large database of annotated surfaces created from real-world consumer photographs.

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Orcasound - bioacoustic data for marine conservation

biodiversitybiologycoastalconservationdeep learningecosystemsenvironmentalgeospatiallabeledmachine learningmappingoceansopen source softwaresignal processing

Live-streamed and archived audio data (~2018-present) from underwater microphones (hydrophones) containing marine biological signals as well as ambient ocean noise. Hydrophone placement and passive acoustic monitoring effort prioritizes detection of orca sounds (calls, clicks, whistles) and potentially harmful noise. Geographic focus is on the US/Canada critical habitat of Southern Resident killer whales (northern CA to central BC) with initial focus on inland waters of WA. In addition to the raw lossy or lossless compressed data, we provide a growing archive of annotated bioacoustic bouts.

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Oxford Nanopore Technologies Benchmark Datasets

bioinformaticsbiologyfast5fastqgenomicHomo sapienslife scienceswhole genome sequencing

The ont-open-data registry provides reference sequencing data from Oxford Nanopore Technologies to support, 1) Exploration of the characteristics of nanopore sequence data. 2) Assessment and reproduction of performance benchmarks 3) Development of tools and methods. The data deposited showcases DNA sequences from a representative subset of sequencing chemistries. The datasets correspond to publicly-available reference samples (e.g. Genome In A Bottle reference cell lines). Raw data are provided with metadata and scripts to describe sample and data provenance.

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PALSAR-2 ScanSAR CARD4L (L2.2)

agriculturecogdeafricadisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsustainabilitysynthetic aperture radar

The 25 m PALSAR-2 ScanSAR is normalized backscatter data of PALSAR-2 broad area observation mode with observation width of 350 km. The SAR imagery was ortho-rectificatied and slope corrected using the ALOS World 3D - 30 m (AW3D30) Digital Surface Model. Polarization data are stored as 16-bit digital numbers (DN). The DN values can be converted to gamma naught values in decibel unit (dB) using the following equation: γ0 = 10*log10(DN2) - 83.0 dB CARD4L stands for CEOS Analysis Ready Data for Land (Level 2.2) data are ortho-rectified and radiometrically terrain-corrected. This datase...

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PALSAR-2 ScanSAR Flooding in Rwanda (L2.1)

agriculturecogdeafricadisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsustainabilitysynthetic aperture radar

Torrential rainfall triggered flooding and landslides in many parts of Rwanda. The hardest-hit districts were Ngororero, Rubavu, Nyabihu, Rutsiro and Karongi. According to reports, 14 people have died in Karongi, 26 in Rutsiro, 18 in Rubavu, 19 in Nyabihu and 18 in Ngororero.Rwanda National Police reported that the Mukamira-Ngororero and Rubavu-Rutsiro roads are impassable due to flooding and landslide debris. UNITAR on behalf of United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) / Regional Office for Southern & Eastern Africa in cooperation with Rwanda Space Agency ...

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PALSAR-2 ScanSAR Tropical Cycolne Mocha (L2.1)

agriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsustainabilitysynthetic aperture radar

Tropical Cyclone Mocha began to form in the Bay of Bengal on 11 May 2023 and continues to intensify as it moves towards Myanmar and Bangladesh.Cyclone Mocha is the first storm to form in the Bay of Bengal this year and is expected to hit several coastal areas in Bangladesh on 14 May with wind speeds of up to 175 km/h.After made its landfall in the coast between Cox’s Bazar (Bangladesh) and Kyaukphyu (Myanmar) near Sittwe (Myanmar). At most, Catastrophic Damage-causing winds was possible especially in the areas of Rakhine State and Chin State, and Severe Damage-causing winds is possible in the ...

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Public Utility Data Liberation Project

climateclimate modelelectricityenergyenergy modelingenvironmentalgovernment recordsinfrastructureopen source softwareutilities

The Public Utility Data Liberation Project (PUDL) provides analysis-ready energy system data to climate advocates, researchers, policymakers, and journalists.

PUDL is an open source data processing pipeline that makes US energy data easier to access and use programmatically. Hundreds of gigabytes of valuable data are published by US government agencies, but it's often difficult to work with. PUDL takes the original spreadsheets, CSV files, and databases and turns them into a unified resource. This allows users to spend more time on novel analysis and less time on data preparation.

This...

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QIIME 2 User Tutorial Datasets

bioinformaticsbiologydenoisingecosystemsenvironmentalgeneticgenomichealthmicrobiomestatistics

QIIME 2 is a powerful, extensible, and decentralized microbiome analysis package with a focus on data and analysis transparency. QIIME 2 enables researchers to start an analysis with raw DNA sequence data and finish with publication-quality figures and statistical results. This dataset contains the user docs (and related datasets) for QIIME 2.

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Quoref

machine learningnatural language processing

24K Question/Answer (QA) pairs over 4.7K paragraphs, split between train (19K QAs), development (2.4K QAs) and a hidden test partition (2.5K QAs).

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Reasoning Over Paragraph Effects in Situations (ROPES)

jsonmachine learningnatural language processing

14k QA pairs over 1.7K paragraphs, split between train (10k QAs), development (1.6k QAs) and a hidden test partition (1.7k QAs).

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SILAM Air Quality

air qualityclimateearth observationmeteorologicalweather

Air Quality is a global SILAM atmospheric composition and air quality forecast performed on a daily basis for > 100 species and covering the troposphere and the stratosphere. The output produces 3D concentration fields and aerosol optical thickness. The data are unique: 20km resolution for global AQ models is unseen worldwide.

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Safecast

air qualityclimateenvironmentalgeospatialradiation

An ongoing collection of radiation and air quality measurements taken by devices involved in the Safecast project.

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Seattle Alzheimer's Disease Brain Cell Atlas (SEA-AD)

biologycell biologycell imagingepigenomicsgene expressionhistopathologyHomo sapiensimagingmedicinemicroscopyneurobiologyneurosciencesingle-cell transcriptomicstranscriptomics

The Seattle Alzheimer's Disease Brain Cell Atlas (SEA-AD) consortium strives to gain a deep molecular and cellular understanding of the early pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease and is funded by the National Institutes on Aging (NIA U19AG060909). The SEA-AD datasets available here comprise single cell profiling (transcriptomics and epigenomics) and quantitative neuropathology. To explore gene expression and chromatin accessibility information, the single-cell profiling data includes: snRNAseq and snATAC-seq data from the SEA-AD donor cohort (aged brains which span the spectrum of Alzhe...

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Sentinel-1 SLC dataset for Germany

disaster responseearth observationenvironmentalgeospatialsatellite imagerysustainabilitysynthetic aperture radar

The Sentinel1 Single Look Complex (SLC) unzipped dataset contains Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data from the European Space Agency’s Sentinel-1 mission. Different from the zipped data provided by ESA, this dataset allows direct access to individual swaths required for a given study area, thus drastically minimizing the storage and downloading time requirements of a project. Since the data is stored on S3, users can utilize the boto3 library and s3 get_object method to read the entire content of the object into the memory for processing, without actually having to download it. The Sentinel-1 ...

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Single-Cell Atlas of Human Blood During Healthy Aging

proteinsingle-cell transcriptomics

Comprehensive, large-scale single-cell profiling of healthy human blood at different ages is one of the critical pending tasks required to establish a framework for systematic understanding of human aging. Here, using single-cell RNA/TCR/BCR-seq with protein feature barcoding (20 antibodies), we profiled 317 samples from 166 healthy individuals aged 25 to 85 years old drawn over 3-year period. Dataset spanning ~2 million cells describes 50 subpopulations of blood immune cells, with 14 subpopulations changing with age, including a novel NKG2C+ CD8 Tcm population that decreases with age. We desc...

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Spitzer Enhanced Imaging Products (SEIP) Super Mosaics

astronomyimagingsatellite imagerysurvey

Spitzer was an infrared astronomy space telescope with imaging from 3 to 160 microns and spectroscopy from 5 to 37 microns, launched into an Earth-trailing solar orbit as the last of NASA's Great Observatories. The SEIP Super Mosaics include data from the four channels of IRAC (3.6, 4.5, 5.8, 8 microns) and the 24 micron channel of MIPS. Data from multiple programs are combined where appropriate. Cryogenic Release v3.0 includes Spitzer data taken during commissioning and cryogenic operations, including calibration data.

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Sup3rCC

air temperatureclimate modelenergysolar

Released to the public as part of the Department of Energy's Open Energy Data Initiative, these data represent a serially complete collection of hourly 4km wind, solar, temperature, humidity, and pressure fields for the Continental United States under climate change scenarios.Sup3rCC is downscaled Global Climate Model (GCM) data. For example, the initial file set tagged "sup3rcc_conus_mriesm20_ssp585_r1i1p1f1" is downscaled from MRI ESM 2.0 for climate change scenario SSP5 8.5 and variant label r1i1p1f1. The downscaling process is performed using a generative machine learning...

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Swiss Public Transport Stops

citiesgeospatialinfrastructuremappingtraffictransportation

The basic geo-data set for public transport stops comprises public transport stops in Switzerland and additional selected geo-referenced public transport locations that are of operational or structural importance (operating points).

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Synthea Coherent Data Set

bioinformaticscsvdicomgenomichealthimaginglife sciencesmedicine

This is a synthetic data set that includes FHIR resources, DICOM images, genomic data, physiological data (i.e., ECGs), and simple clinical notes. FHIR links all the data types together.

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Tabula Muris

biologyencyclopedicgenomichealthlife sciencesmedicine

Tabula Muris is a compendium of single cell transcriptomic data from the model organism Mus musculus comprising more than 100,000 cells from 20 organs and tissues. These data represent a new resource for cell biology, reveal gene expression in poorly characterized cell populations, and allow for direct and controlled comparison of gene expression in cell types shared between tissues, such as T-lymphocytes and endothelial cells from different anatomical locations. Two distinct technical approaches were used for most organs: one approach, microfluidic droplet-based 3’-end counting, enabled the s...

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Tabula Muris Senis

biologyencyclopedicgenomichealthlife sciencesmedicinesingle-cell transcriptomics

Tabula Muris Senis is a comprehensive compendium of single cell transcriptomic data from the model organism Mus musculus comprising more than 500,000 cells from 18 organs and tissues across the mouse lifespan. We discovered cell-specific changes occurring across multiple cell types and organs, as well as age related changes in the cellular composition of different organs. Using single-cell transcriptomic data we were able to assess cell type specific manifestations of different hallmarks of aging, such as senescence, changes in the activity of metabolic pathways, depletion of stem-cell populat...

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Tabula Sapiens

biologyencyclopedicgeneticgenomichealthlife sciencesmedicinesingle-cell transcriptomics

Tabula Sapiens will be a benchmark, first-draft human cell atlas of two million cells from 25 organs of eight normal human subjects. Taking the organs from the same individual controls for genetic background, age, environment, and epigenetic effects, and allows detailed analysis and comparison of cell types that are shared between tissues. Our work creates a detailed portrait of cell types as well as their distribution and variation in gene expression across tissues and within the endothelial, epithelial, stromal and immune compartments. A critical factor in the Tabula projects is our large collaborative network of PI’s with deep expertise at preparation of diverse organs, enabling all organs from a subject to be successfully processed within a single day. Tabula Sapiens leverages our network of human tissue experts and a close collaboration with a Donor Network West, a not-for-profit organ procurement organization. We use their experience to balance and assign cell types from each tissue compartment and optimally mix high-quality plate-seq data and high-volume droplet-based data to provide a broad and deep benchmark atlas. Our goal is to make sequence data rapidly and broadly available to the scientific community as a community resource. Before you use our data, please take note of our Data Release Policy below.

Data Release Policy

Our goal is to make sequence data rapidly and broadly available to the scientific community as a community resource. It is our intention to publish the work of this project in a timely fashion, and we welcome collaborative interaction on the project and analyses. However, considerable investment was made in generating these data and we ask that you respect rights of first publication and acknowledgment as outlined in the Toronto agreement. By accessing these data, you agree not to publish any articles containing analyses of genes, cell types or transcriptomic data on a who...

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Tropical Cyclone Precipitation, Infrared, Microwave, and Environmental Dataset (TC PRIMED)

atmosphereearth observationenvironmentalgeophysicsgeoscienceglobalmeteorologicalmodelnetcdfprecipitationsatellite imageryweather

The Tropical Cyclone Precipitation, Infrared, Microwave and Environmental Dataset (TC PRIMED) is a dataset centered around passive microwave observations of global tropical cyclones from low-Earth-orbiting satellites. TC PRIMED is a compilation of tropical cyclone data from various sources, including 1) tropical cyclone information from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Weather Service National Hurricane Center (NHC) and Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC) and the U.S. Department of Defense Joint Typhoon Warning Center, 2) low-Earth-orbiting satellite obse...

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U.S. Census ACS PUMS

censusstatisticssurvey

U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) available in a linked data format using the Resource Description Framework (RDF) data model.

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UK Biobank Pharma Proteomics Project (UKB-PPP)

genome wide association studypopulation genetics

The UKB-PPP is a collaboration between the UK Biobank (UKB) and thirteen biopharmaceutical companies characterising the plasma proteomic profiles of 54,219 UKB participants. As part of a collaborative analysis across the thirteen UKB-PPP partners, we conducted comprehensive protein quantitative trait loci (pQTL) mapping of 2,923 proteins that identifies 14,287 primary genetic associations, of which 85% are newly discovered, in addition to ancestry-specific pQTL mapping in non-Europeans. We identify independent secondary associations in 87% of cis and 30% of trans loci, expanding the catalogue ...

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UK Earth System Model (UKESM1) ARISE-SAI geoengineering experiment data

atmosphereclimateclimate modelCMIP6geospatialicelandmodeloceanssustainability

Data from the UK Earth System Model (UKESM1) ARISE-SAI experiment. The UKESM1 ARISE-SAI experiment explores the impacts of geoengineering via the injection of sulphur dioxide (SO2) into the stratosphere in order to keep global mean surface air temperature near 1.5 C above the pre-industrial climate. Data includes a five member ensemble of simulations with SO2 injection plus a five member ensemble of SSP2-4.5 simulations from CMIP6 to serve as a reference data set

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VitalDB

biologyhealthlife sciencesmedicinesignal processing

VitalDB, a high-fidelity multi-parameter vital signs database in surgical patients.

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Voices Obscured in Complex Environmental Settings (VOiCES)

automatic speech recognitiondenoisingmachine learningspeaker identificationspeech processing

VOiCES is a speech corpus recorded in acoustically challenging settings, using distant microphone recording. Speech was recorded in real rooms with various acoustic features (reverb, echo, HVAC systems, outside noise, etc.). Adversarial noise, either television, music, or babble, was concurrently played with clean speech. Data was recorded using multiple microphones strategically placed throughout the room. The corpus includes audio recordings, orthographic transcriptions, and speaker labels.

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World Bank Climate Change Knowledge Portal (CCKP)

climateclimate modelclimate projectionsCMIP6earth observationnetcdf

CCKP provides open access to a comprehensive suite of climate and climate change resources derived from the latest generation of climate data archives. Products are based on a consistent and transparent approach with a systematic way of pre-processing the raw observed and model-based projection data to enable inter-comparable use across a broad range of applications. Climate products consist of basic climate variables as well as a large collection (70+) of more specialized, application-orientated variables and indices across different scenarios. Precomputed data can be extracted per specified ...

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Xiph.Org Test Media

computer visionimage processingimagingmediamoviesmultimediavideo

Uncompressed video used for video compression and video processing research.

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ZINC Database

biologychemical biologylife sciencesmolecular dockingpharmaceuticalprotein

3D models for molecular docking screens.

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iHART Whole Genome Sequencing Data Set

autism spectrum disorderbamgeneticgenomiclife sciencesvcfwhole genome sequencing

iHART is the Hartwell Foundation’s Autism Research and Technology Initiative. This release contains whole genome data from over 1000 families with 2 or more children with autism, of which biomaterials were provided by the Autism Genetic Resource Exchange (AGRE).

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recount3

bioinformaticsbiologycancercsvgene expressiongeneticgenomicHomo sapienslife sciencesMus musculusneurosciencetranscriptomics

recount3 is an online resource consisting of RNA-seq gene, exon, and exon-exon junction counts as well as coverage bigWig files for 8,679 and 10,088 different studies for human and mouse respectively. It is the third generation of the ReCount project and part of recount.bio. recount2 is also included for historical purposes. The pipeline used to generate the data in recount3 (but not recount2) is available here.

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(EXPERIMENTAL) NOAA GraphCast Global Forecast System (GFS) (EXPERIMENTAL)

agricultureclimatedisaster responseenvironmentalmeteorologicalweather

The GraphCast Global Forecast System (GraphCastGFS) is an experimental system set up by the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) to produce medium range global forecasts. The model runs in two modes on different vertical resolutions; 13 and 37 pressure levels. The horizontal resolution is a 0.25 degree latitude-longitude grid (about 28 km). The model runs 4 times a day at 00Z, 06Z, 12Z and 18Z cycles. Major atmospheric and surface fields including temperature, wind components, geopotential height, specific humidity, and vertical velocity are available. The products are 6 hourly forecasts up to 10 days. The data format is GRIB2.

The GraphCastGFS system is an experimental weather forecast model built upon the pre-trained Google DeepMind’s GraphCast Machine Learning Weather Prediction (MLWP) model. The GraphCast model is implemented as a message passing graph neural network (GNN) architecture with “encoder-processor-decoder” configuration. It uses an icosahedron grid with multiscale edges and has around 37 million parameters. This model is pre-trained with ECMWF’s ERA5 reanalysis data. The GraphCastGFSl takes two model states as initial conditions (current and 6-hr previous states) from NCEP 0.25 degree GDAS analysis data and runs GraphCast (37 levels) and GraphCast_operational (13 levels) with weights provided by GraphCast. Unit conversion to the GDAS data is conducted to match the input data required by GraphCast and to generate forecast products consistent to GFS from GraphCastGFS’ native forecast data.

The input data for both modes generated from the GDAS data as GraphCast input is provided under input/ directory. One file is for 13 pressure levels and the other for 37 pressure levels. Example of file names are

source-gdas_date-2024022000_res-0.25_levels-13_steps-2.nc
source-gdas_date-2024022000_res-0.25_levels-37_steps-2.nc
One file is for 13 pressure levels and the other for 37 pressure levels. The 13 and 37 pressure level forecasts are under forecasts_13_levels/ and forecasts_37_levels/, respectively. There are 40 files under each directory covering a 10 day forecast. An example of file name is listed below

graphcastgfs.t00z.pgrb2.0p25.f006

Please note that this NOAA GFS Model was produced using a code package released by Google DeepMind. For information on Google DeepMind, please visit their github page listed in the documentation and license sections of this pa
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A Realistic Cyber Defense Dataset (CSE-CIC-IDS2018)

cyber securityinternetintrusion detectionnetwork traffic

This dataset is the result of a collaborative project between the Communications Security Establishment (CSE) and The Canadian Institute for Cybersecurity (CIC) that use the notion of profiles to generate cybersecurity dataset in a systematic manner. It incluides a detailed description of intrusions along with abstract distribution models for applications, protocols, or lower level network entities. The dataset includes seven different attack scenarios, namely Brute-force, Heartbleed, Botnet, DoS, DDoS, Web attacks, and infiltration of the network from inside. The attacking infrastructure incl...

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AI2 TabMCQ: Multiple Choice Questions aligned with the Aristo Tablestore

machine learningnatural language processing

9092 crowd-sourced science questions and 68 tables of curated facts

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AI2 Tablestore (November 2015 Snapshot)

machine learningnatural language processing

68 tables of curated facts

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Aristo Mini Corpus

csvjsonmachine learning

1,197,377 science-relevant sentences

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Aristo Tuple KB

machine learningnatural language processing

294,000 science-relevant tuples

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Australasian Genomes

biodiversitybiologyconservationgeneticgenomiclife sciencestranscriptomicswildlife

Australasian Genomes is the genomic data repository for the Threatened Species Initiative (TSI) and the ARC Centre for Innovations in Peptide and Protein Science (CIPPS). This repository contains reference genomes, transcriptomes, resequenced genomes and reduced representation sequencing data from Australasian species. Australasian Genomes is managed by the Australasian Wildlife Genomics Group (AWGG) at the University of Sydney on behalf of our collaborators within TSI and CIPPS.

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CAFE60 reanalysis

climatesustainability

The CSIRO Climate retrospective Analysis and Forecast Ensemble system: version 1 (CAFE60v1) provides a large ensemble retrospective analysis of the global climate system from 1960 to present with sufficiently many realizations and at spatio-temporal resolutions suitable to enable probabilistic climate studies. Using a variant of the ensemble Kalman filter, 96 climate state estimates are generated over the most recent six decades. These state estimates are constrained by monthly mean ocean, atmosphere and sea ice observations such that their trajectories track the observed state while enabling ...

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CCAFS-Climate Data

agricultureclimatefood securitysustainability

High resolution climate data to help assess the impacts of climate change primarily on agriculture. These open access datasets of climate projections will help researchers make climate change impact assessments.

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COCO - Common Objects in Context - fast.ai datasets

computer visiondeep learningmachine learning

COCO is a large-scale object detection, segmentation, and captioning dataset. This is part of the fast.ai datasets collection hosted by AWS for convenience of fast.ai students. If you use this dataset in your research please cite arXiv:1405.0312 [cs.CV].

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COVID-19 Molecular Structure and Therapeutics Hub

bioinformaticsbiologycoronavirusCOVID-19life sciencesmolecular dockingpharmaceutical

Aggregating critical information to accelerate drug discovery for the molecular modeling and simulation community. A community-driven data repository and curation service for molecular structures, models, therapeutics, and simulations related to computational research related to therapeutic opportunities for COVID-19 (caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus).

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Central Weather Administration OpenData

climateearth observationearthquakessatellite imageryweather

Various kinds of weather raw data and charts from Central Weather Administration.

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Central Weather Bureau OpenData

climateearth observationearthquakessatellite imageryweather

Various kinds of weather raw data and charts from Central Weather Bureau.

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Cloud to Street - Microsoft Flood and Clouds Dataset

cogcomputer visiondeep learningearth observationfloodsgeospatialmachine learningsatellite imagerysynthetic aperture radar

This dataset consists of chips of Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 satellite data. Each Sentinel-1 chip contains a corresponding label for water and each Sentinel-2 chip contains a corresponding label for water and clouds. Data is stored in folders by a unique event identifier as the folder name. Within each event folder there are subfolders for Sentinel-1 (s1) and Sentinel-2 (s2) data. Each chip is contained in its own sub-folder with the folder name being the source image id, followed by a unique chip identifier consisting of a hyphenated set of 5 numbers. All bands of the satellite data, as well a...

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Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) 2019 3D Gridded and Column data from the EPA's Air Quality Time Series (EQUATES) Project

air qualityatmospheremodel

The data are part of EPA’s Air Quality Time Series (EQUATES) Project. The data consist of hourly gridded pollutant concentrations estimates by the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model version 5.3.2 (https://doi.org/10.15139/S3/F2KJSK) for January 1 – December 31, 2019. Model data is provided for two spatial domains : the Northern Hemisphere (108 km x 108km horizontal grid spacing) and the Contiguous United States including parts of Canada and Mexico (12km x 12km horizontal grid spacing). Two types of hourly data are provided: three-dimensional air pollutant concentrations and vert...

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DARPA Invisible Headlights Dataset

autonomous vehiclesbroadbandcomputer visionlidarmachine learningsegmentationus

"The DARPA Invisible Headlights Dataset is a large-scale multi-sensor dataset annotated for autonomous, off-road navigation in challenging off-road environments. It features simultaneously collected off-road imagery from multispectral, hyperspectral, polarimetric, and broadband sensors spanning wave-lengths from the visible spectrum to long-wave infrared and provides aligned LIDAR data for ground-truth shape. Camera calibrations, LiDAR registrations, and traversability annotations for a subset of the data are available."

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Department of Energy's Marine Energy Data Lake

energymarinewater

Data released from projects funded by the Department of Energy's Water Power Technologies Office (DOE WPTO) that are too large or complex to be conveniently accessed by traditional means. The Marine Energy data lake aims to improve and automate access of high-value MHK data sets, making data actionable and discoverable by researchers and industry to accelerate analysis and advance innovation. This data lake is a sister-data lake to the Department of Energy’s Open Energy Data Initiative (OEDI) data lake.

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District of Columbia - Classified Point Cloud LiDAR

citiesdisaster responsegeospatialus-dc

LiDAR point cloud data for Washington, DC is available for anyone to use on Amazon S3. This dataset, managed by the Office of the Chief Technology Officer (OCTO), through the direction of the District of Columbia GIS program, contains tiled point cloud data for the entire District along with associated metadata.

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EPA Risk-Screening Environmental Indicators

environmental

Detailed air model results from EPA’s Risk-Screening Environmental Indicators (RSEI) model.

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Epoch of Reionization Dataset

astronomy

The data are from observations with the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) which is a Square Kilometer Array (SKA) precursor in Western Australia. This particular dataset is from the Epoch of Reionization project which is a key science driver of the SKA. Nearly 2PB of such observations have been recorded to date, this is a small subset of that which has been exported from the MWA data archive in Perth and made available to the public on AWS. The data were taken to detect signatures of the first stars and galaxies forming and the effect of these early stars and galaxies on the evolution of the u...

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GX database for NCBI Foreign Contamination Screen (FCS) Tool Suite

assemblybioinformaticsbiologycontaminationfastageneticgenomehealthlife scienceswhole genome sequencing

Sequence database used by FCS-GX (Foreign Contamination Screen - Genome Cross-species aligner) to detect contamination from foreign organisms in genome sequences.

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Galaxy Evolution Explorer Satellite (GALEX)

astronomy

The Galaxy Evolution Explorer Satellite (GALEX) was a NASA mission led by the California Institute of Technology, whose primary goal was to investigate how star formation in galaxies evolved from the early universe up to the present. GALEX used microchannel plate detectors to obtain direct images in the near-UV (NUV) and far-UV (FUV), and a grism to disperse light for low resolution spectroscopy.

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Genome Ark

biodiversitybioinformaticsbiologyconservationgeneticgenomiclife sciences

The Genome Ark hosts genomic information for the Vertebrate Genomes Project (VGP) and other related projects. The VGP is an international collaboration that aims to generate complete and near error-free reference genomes for all extant vertebrate species. These genomes will be used to address fundamental questions in biology and disease, to identify species most genetically at risk for extinction, and to preserve genetic information of life.

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Grid Algorithms and Data Analytics Library (GADAL)

energyenvironmentalmodelsustainability

The aim of this project is to create an easy-to-use platform where various types of analytics can be performed on a wide range of electrical grid datasets. The aim is to establish an open-source library of algorithms that universities, national labs and other developers can contribute to which can be used on both open-source and proprietary grid data to improve the analysis of electrical distribution systems for the grid modeling community. OEDI Systems Integration (SI) is a grid algorithms and data analytics API created to standardize how data is sent between different modules that are run as...

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Gulfwide Avian Colony Monitoring Survey Photos

biologyconservationecosystemsenvironmentallabeledobject detection

For this project, The Water Institute (the Institute) and subcontractor Colibri Ecological Consulting, LLC (Colibri) utilized established methods and protocols capable of assessing changes of colonial waterbird populations and their important habitats within individual states and the broader northern Gulf of Mexico region. Data collection activities included: Aerial Photographic Nest Surveys: Implementation of fixed-wing aircraft surveys intended to assess waterbird colonies and document associated nesting within select portions of the northern Gulf of Mexico. Additional detail is provide...

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Guy's Breast Cancer Lymph Nodes (GRAPE)

biologybreast cancercancercomputational pathologyhistopathologylife sciences

This is a retrospective dataset of 1523 H&E-stained whole slide images (WSI) of lymph nodes from breast cancer patients. The cohort consisted of 177 patients (122 LN-positive - metastasis was reported in at least 1 LN - and 55 LN-negative patients) with invasive breast carcinoma treated between 1984 and 2002 at Guy’s Hospital London, UK. Slides were scanned and digitised at 40x magnification (0.23 µm/pixel), NanoZoomer H.T2.0 2.0-HT (Hamamatsu Photonics UK, Ltd, Welwyn Garden City, UK). WSIs are in .ndpi format.

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HIRLAM Weather Model

agricultureclimateearth observationmeteorologicalweather

HIRLAM (High Resolution Limited Area Model) is an operational synoptic and mesoscale weather prediction model managed by the Finnish Meteorological Institute.

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High Resolution Downscaled Climate Data for Southeast Alaska

agricultureclimatecoastalearth observationenvironmentalsustainabilityweather

This dataset contains historical and projected dynamically downscaled climate data for the Southeast region of the State of Alaska at 1 and 4km spatial resolution and hourly temporal resolution. Select variables are also summarized into daily resolutions. This data was produced using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model (Version 4.0). We downscaled both Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) historical reanalysis data (1980-2019) and both historical and projected runs from two GCM’s from the Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project 5 (CMIP5): GFDL-CM3 and NCAR-CCSM4 (historical ru...

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Homeland Security and Infrastructure US Cities

disaster responseelevationgeospatiallidar

The U.S. Cities elevation data collection program supported the US Department of Homeland Security Homeland Security and Infrastructure Program (HSIP). As part of the HSIP Program, there were 133+ U.S. cities that had imagery and LiDAR collected to provide the Homeland Security, Homeland Defense, and Emergency Preparedness, Response and Recovery (EPR&R) community with common operational, geospatially enabled baseline data needed to analyze threat, support critical infrastructure protection and expedite readiness, response and recovery in the event of a man-made or natural disaster. As a pa...

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Hubble Space Telescope

astronomy

The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is one of the most productive scientific instruments ever created. This dataset contains calibrated and raw data for all currently active instruments on HST: ACS, COS, STIS, WFC3, and FGS.

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Hybrid statistical-dynamic downscaling based on multi-model ensembles in Southeast Asia

climatenetcdfprecipitation

GCMs under CMIP6 have been widely used to investigate climate change impacts and put forward associated adaptation and mitigation strategies. However, the relatively coarse spatial resolutions (usually 100~300km) preclude their direct applications at regional scales, which are exactly where the analysis (e.g., hydrological model simulation) is performed. To bridge this gap, a typical approach is to ‘refine’ the information from GCMs through regional climate downscaling experiments, which can be conducted statistically, dynamically, or a combination thereof. Statistical downscaling establishes ...

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ISERV

earth observationenvironmentalgeospatialsatellite imagery

ISS SERVIR Environmental Research and Visualization System (ISERV) was a fully-automated prototype camera aboard the International Space Station that was tasked to capture high-resolution Earth imagery of specific locations at 3-7 frames per second. In the course of its regular operations during 2013 and 2014, ISERV's camera acquired images that can be used primaliry in use is environmental and disaster management.

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Image localization - fast.ai datasets

computer visiondeep learningmachine learning

Some of the most important datasets for image localization research, including Camvid and PASCAL VOC (2007 and 2012). This is part of the fast.ai datasets collection hosted by AWS for convenience of fast.ai students. See documentation link for citation and license details for each dataset.

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InRad COVID-19 X-Ray and CT Scans

bioinformaticscoronavirusCOVID-19healthlife sciencesmedicineSARS

This dataset is a collection of anonymized thoracic radiographs (X-Rays) and computed tomography (CT) scans of patients with suspected COVID-19. Images are acommpanied by a positive or negative diagnosis for SARS-CoV2 infection via RT-PCR. These images were provided by Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade de São Paulo, Hospital Sirio-Libanes, and by Laboratory Fleury.

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K2 Mission Data

astronomy

The K2 mission observed 100 square degrees for 80 days each across 20 different pointings along the ecliptic, collecting high-precision photometry for a selection of targets within each field. The mission began when the original Kepler mission ended due to loss of the second reaction wheel in 2013.

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KITTI Vision Benchmark Suite

autonomous vehiclescomputer visiondeep learningmachine learningrobotics

Dataset and benchmarks for computer vision research in the context of autonomous driving. The dataset has been recorded in and around the city of Karlsruhe, Germany using the mobile platform AnnieWay (VW station wagon) which has been equipped with several RGB and monochrome cameras, a Velodyne HDL 64 laser scanner as well as an accurate RTK corrected GPS/IMU localization unit. The dataset has been created for computer vision and machine learning research on stereo, optical flow, visual odometry, semantic segmentation, semantic instance segmentation, road segmentation, single image depth predic...

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Kepler Mission Data

astronomy

The Kepler mission observed the brightness of more than 180,000 stars near the Cygnus constellation at a 30 minute cadence for 4 years in order to find transiting exoplanets, study variable stars, and find eclipsing binaries.

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Multimedia Commons

computer visionmachine learningmultimediavideo

The Multimedia Commons is a collection of audio and visual features computed for the nearly 100 million Creative Commons-licensed Flickr images and videos in the YFCC100M dataset from Yahoo! Labs, along with ground-truth annotations for selected subsets. The International Computer Science Institute (ICSI) and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory are producing and distributing a core set of derived feature sets and annotations as part of an effort to enable large-scale video search capabilities. They have released this feature corpus into the public domain, under Creative Commons License 0, s...

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NLP - fast.ai datasets

deep learningmachine learningnatural language processing

Some of the most important datasets for NLP, with a focus on classification, including IMDb, AG-News, Amazon Reviews (polarity and full), Yelp Reviews (polarity and full), Dbpedia, Sogou News (Pinyin), Yahoo Answers, Wikitext 2 and Wikitext 103, and ACL-2010 French-English 10^9 corpus. This is part of the fast.ai datasets collection hosted by AWS for convenience of fast.ai students. See documentation link for citation and license details for each dataset.

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NOAA 3-D Surge and Tide Operational Forecast System for the Atlantic Basin (STOFS-3D-Atlantic)

climatecoastaldisaster responseenvironmentalglobalmarine navigationmeteorologicaloceanssustainabilitywaterweather

NOTICE - The Coast Survey Development Laboratory (CSDL) in NOAA/National Ocean Service (NOS)/Office of Coast Survey is upgrading the Surge and Tide Operational Forecast System (STOFS, formerly ESTOFS) to Version 2.1.7. A Service Change Notice (SCN) has been issued and can be found "HERE"

NOAA's Surge and Tide Operational Forecast System: Three-Dimensional Component for the Atlantic Basin (STOFS-3D-Atlantic). STOFS-3D-Atlantic runs daily (at 12 UTC) to provide users with 24-hour nowcasts (analyses of near present conditions) and up to 48-hour forecast guidance of water level conditions, and 2- and 3-dimensional fields of water temperature, salinity, and currents. The water level outputs represent the combined tidal and subtidal water surface elevations and are referenced to NAVD88 in general or geoid referenced where there is no NAVD88 coverage, e.g., Puerto Rico.

STOFS-3D-Atlantic has been developed to serve the marine navigation, weather forecasting, and disaster mitigation user communities. It is developed in a collaborative effort between the NOAA/National Ocean Service (NOS)/Office of Coast Survey, the NOAA/National Weather Service (NWS)/National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Central Operations (NCO), and the Virginia Institute of Marine Science.

STOFS-3D-Atlantic employs the Semi-implicit Cross-scale Hydroscience Integrated System Model (SCHISM) as the hydrodynamic model core. Its unstructured grid consists of 2,654,153 nodes and 5,137,229 triangular or quadrilateral elements. Grid resolution is 1.5-2 km near the shoreline, 200-550 m for the floodplain, and up to 10 m for both levees and some small rivers. Along the U.S. coastline, the land boundary of the domain aligns with the 10-m contour above NAVD88, encompassing the coastal transitional zone most vulnerable to coastal and inland flooding.

STOFS-3D-Atlantic makes uses of outputs from the National Water Model (NWM) to include inland hydrology and extreme precipitation effects on coastal flooding; forecast guidance from the NCEP Global Forecast System (GFS) and High-Resolution Rapid Refresh (HRRR) model as the surface meteorological for...

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NOAA Atmospheric Climate Data Records

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalsustainabilityweather

NOAA's Climate Data Records (CDRs) are robust, sustainable, and scientifically sound climate records that provide trustworthy information on how, where, and to what extent the land, oceans, atmosphere and ice sheets are changing. These datasets are thoroughly vetted time series measurements with the longevity, consistency, and continuity to assess and measure climate variability and change. NOAA CDRs are vetted using standards established by the National Research Council (NRC).

Climate Data Records are created by merging data from surface, atmosphere, and space-based systems across decades. NOAA’s Climate Data Records provides authoritative and traceable long-term climate records. NOAA developed CDRs by applying modern data analysis methods to historical global satellite data. This process can clarify the underlying climate trends within the data and allows researchers and other users to identify economic and scientific value in these records. NCEI maintains and extends CDRs by applying the same methods to present-day and future satellite measurements.

Atmospheric Climate Data Records are measurements of several global variables to help characterize the atmosphere
...

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NOAA Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS) Network (NCN)

broadcast ephemerisContinuously Operating Reference Station (CORS)earth observationgeospatialGNSSGPSmappingNOAA CORS Network (NCN)post-processingRINEXsurvey

The NOAA Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS) Network (NCN), managed by NOAA/National Geodetic Survey (NGS), provide Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) data, supporting three dimensional positioning, meteorology, space weather, and geophysical applications throughout the United States. The NCN is a multi-purpose, multi-agency cooperative endeavor, combining the efforts of hundreds of government, academic, and private organizations. The stations are independently owned and operated. Each agency shares their GNSS/GPS carrier phase and code range measurements and station metadata with NGS, which are analyzed and distributed free of charge. ...

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NOAA Fundamental Climate Data Records (FCDR)

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalsustainabilityweather

NOAA's Climate Data Records (CDRs) are robust, sustainable, and scientifically sound climate records that provide trustworthy information on how, where, and to what extent the land, oceans, atmosphere and ice sheets are changing. These datasets are thoroughly vetted time series measurements with the longevity, consistency, and continuity to assess and measure climate variability and change. NOAA CDRs are vetted using standards established by the National Research Council (NRC).

Climate Data Records are created by merging data from surface, atmosphere, and space-based systems across decades. NOAA’s Climate Data Records provides authoritative and traceable long-term climate records. NOAA developed CDRs by applying modern data analysis methods to historical global satellite data. This process can clarify the underlying climate trends within the data and allows researchers and other users to identify economic and scientific value in these records. NCEI maintains and extends CDRs by applying the same methods to present-day and future satellite measurements.

Fundamental CDRs are composed of sensor data (e.g. calibrated radiances, brightness temperatures) that have been
...

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NOAA Global Ensemble Forecast System (GEFS)

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather

The Global Ensemble Forecast System (GEFS), previously known as the GFS Global ENSemble (GENS), is a weather forecast model made up of 21 separate forecasts, or ensemble members. The National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) started the GEFS to address the nature of uncertainty in weather observations, which is used to initialize weather forecast models. The GEFS attempts to quantify the amount of uncertainty in a forecast by generating an ensemble of multiple forecasts, each minutely different, or perturbed, from the original observations. With global coverage, GEFS is produced fo...

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NOAA Global Hydro Estimator (GHE)

agriculturemeteorologicalwaterweather

Global Hydro-Estimator provides a global mosaic imagery of rainfall estimates from multi-geostationary satellites, which currently includes GOES-16, GOES-15, Meteosat-8, Meteosat-11 and Himawari-8. The GHE products include: Instantaneous rain rate, 1 hour, 3 hour, 6 hour, 24 hour and also multi-day rainfall accumulation.

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NOAA Global Mosaic of Geostationary Satellite Imagery (GMGSI)

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather

NOAA/NESDIS Global Mosaic of Geostationary Satellite Imagery (GMGSI) visible (VIS), shortwave infrared (SIR), longwave infrared (LIR) imagery, and water vapor imagery (WV) are composited from data from several geostationary satellites orbiting the globe, including the GOES-East and GOES-West Satellites operated by U.S. NOAA/NESDIS, the Meteosat-10 and Meteosat-9 satellites from theMeteosat Second Generation (MSG) series of satellites operated by European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT), and the Himawari-9 satellite operated by the Japan Meteorological ...

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NOAA Global Real-Time Ocean Forecast System (Global RTOFS)

climatecoastaldisaster responseenvironmentalglobalmeteorologicaloceanswaterweather

NOAA is soliciting public comment on petential changes to the Real Time Ocean Forecast System (RTOFS) through March 27, 2024. Please see Public Notice at (https://www.weather.gov/media/notification/pdf_2023_24/pns24-12_rtofs_v2.4.0.pdf)

NOAA's Global Real-Time Ocean Forecast System (Global RTOFS) provides users with nowcasts (analyses of near present conditions) and forecast guidance up to eight days of ocean temperature and salinity, water velocity, sea surface elevation, sea ice coverage and sea ice thickness.

The Global Operational Real-Time Ocean Forecast System (Global RTOFS) is based on an eddy resolving 1/12° global HYCOM (HYbrid Coordinates Ocean Model) (https://www.hycom.org/), which is coupled to the Community Ice CodE (CICE) Version 4 (https://www.arcus.org/witness-the-arctic/2018/5/highlight/1). The RTOFS grid has a 1/12 degree horizontal resolution and 41 hybrid vertical levels on a global tripolar grid.

Since 2020, the RTOFS system implements a multivariate, multi-scale 3DVar data assimilation algorithm (Cummings and Smedstad, 2014) using a 24-hour update cycle. The data types presently assimilated include

(1) satellite Sea Surface Temperature (SST) from METOP-B, JPSS-VIIRS, and in-Situ SST, from ships, fixed and drifting buoys
(2) Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) from SMAP, SMOS, and buoys
(3) profiles of Temperature and Salinity from Animal-borne, Alamo floats, Argo floats, CTD, fixed buoys, gliders, TESAC, and XBT
(4) Absolute Dynamic Topography (ADT) from Altika, Cryosat, Jason-3, Sentinel 3a, 3b, 6a
(5) sea ice concentration from SSMI/S, AMSR2

The system is designed to incorporate new observing systems as the data becomes available.

Once the observations go through a fully automated quality control and thinning process, the increments, or corrections, are obtained by executing the 3D variational algorithm. The increments are then added to the 24-hours forecast fields using a 6-hourly incremental analysis update. An earlier version of the system is described in Garraffo et al (2020).

Garraffo, Z.D., J.A. Cummings, S. Paturi, Y. Hao, D. Iredell, T. Spindler, B. Balasubramanian, I. Rivin, H-C. Kim, A. Mehra, 2020. Real Time Ocean-Sea Ice Coupled Three Dimensional Variational Global Data Assimilative Ocean Forecast System. In Research Activities in Earth System Modeling, edited by E. Astakhova, WMO, World Climate Research Program Report No.6, July 2020.

Cummings, J. A. and O. M. Smedstad. 2013. Variational Data Assimilation for the Global Ocean. Data Assimilation for Atmospheric, Oceanic and Hydrologic Applications (Vol II) S. Park and L. Xu (eds), Springer, Chapter 13, 303-343.

Global...

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NOAA Global Surge and Tide Operational Forecast System 2-D (STOFS-2D-Global)

climatecoastaldisaster responseenvironmentalglobalmeteorologicaloceanswaterweather

NOTICE - The Coast Survey Development Laboratory (CSDL) in NOAA/National Ocean Service (NOS)/Office of Coast Survey is upgrading the Surge and Tide Operational Forecast System (STOFS, formerly ESTOFS) to Version 2.1.7. A Service Change Notice (SCN) has been issued and can be found "HERE"

NOAA's Global Surge and Tide Operational Forecast System 2-D (STOFS-2D-Global) provides users with nowcasts (analyses of near present conditions) and forecast guidance of water level conditions for the entire globe. STOFS-2D-Global has been developed to serve the marine navigation, weather forecasting, and disaster mitigation user communities. STOFS-2D-Global was developed in a collaborative effort between the NOAA/National Ocean Service (NOS)/Office of Coast Survey, the NOAA/National Weather Service (NWS)/National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Central Operations (NCO), the University of Notre Dame, the University of North Carolina, and The Water Institute of the Gulf. The model generates forecasts out to 180 hours four times per day; forecast output includes water levels caused by the combined effects of storm surge and tides, by astronomical tides alone, and by sub-tidal water levels (isolated storm surge).

The hydrodynamic model employed by STOFS-2D-Global is the ADvanced CIRCulation (ADCIRC) finite element model. The model is forced by GFS winds, mean sea level pressure, and sea ice. The unstructured grid used by STOFS-2D-Global consists of 12,784,991 nodes and 24,875,313 triangular elements. Coastal r...

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NOAA Historical Maps and Charts

coastalgeospatialhistorymappingsurvey

Historical Charts are not for Navigation. The collection primarily consists of historic charts and maps produced by NOAA's Coast Survey and its predecessors, especially the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey and the U.S. Lake Survey (previously under the Department of War). The collection also includes bathymetric maps, land sketches, Civil War battle maps, aeronautical charting from the 1930s to the 1950s, and other drawings and photographs.

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NOAA Hurricane Analysis and Forecast System (HAFS)

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather

The last several hurricane seasons have been active with records being set for the number of tropical storms and hurricanes in the Atlantic basin. These record-breaking seasons underscore the importance of accurate hurricane forecasting. Imperative to increased forecasting skill for hurricanes is the development of the Hurricane Forecast Analysis System or HAFS. To accelerate improvements in hurricane forecasting, this project has the following goals:

  1. To improve the HAFS. The HAFS is NOAA’s next-generation multi-scale numerical model, with data assimilation package and ocean coupling, which will provide an operational analysis and forecast out to seven days, with reliable and skillful guidance on hurricane track and intensity (including rapid intensification), storm size, genesis, storm surge, rainfall and tornadoes associated with hurricanes.

  2. To integrate into the Unified Forecasting System(UFS). The UFS is a community-based, coupled comprehensive Earth system modeling system whose numerical applications span local to global domains and predictive time scales from sub-hourly analyses to seasonal predictions. It is designed to support the Weather Enterprise and to be the source system for NOAA’s operational numerical weather prediction applications. The HAFS will be a part of UFS geared for hurricane model applications. HAFS comprises five major components; (a) High-resolution moving nest (b) High-resolution physics (c) Multi-scale data assimilation (DA) (d) 3D ocean coupling, and (e) Observations to support the DA.

    [Read about how the storm-following model improves intensity forecasts](https://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hurricane-model-that-follows-mult...

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NOAA National Bathymetric Source Data

bathymetryearth observationmarine navigationmodeloceansoceans

The National Bathymetric Source (NBS) project creates and maintains high-resolution bathymetry composed of the best available data. This project enables the creation of next-generation nautical charts while also providing support for modeling, industry, science, regulation, and public curiosity. Primary sources of bathymetry include NOAA and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers hydrographic surveys and topographic bathymetric (topo-bathy) lidar (light detection and ranging) data. Data submitted through the NOAA Office of Coast Survey’s external source data process are also included, with gaps...

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NOAA National Blend of Models (NBM)

agricultureclimatecogmeteorologicalweather

The National Blend of Models (NBM) is a nationally consistent and skillful suite of calibrated forecast guidance based on a blend of both NWS and non-NWS numerical weather prediction model data and post-processed model guidance. The goal of the NBM is to create a highly accurate, skillful and consistent starting point for the gridded forecast.

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NOAA North American Mesoscale Forecast System (NAM)

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather

The North American Mesoscale Forecast System (NAM) is one of the National Centers For Environmental Prediction’s (NCEP) major models for producing weather forecasts. NAM generates multiple grids (or domains) of weather forecasts over the North American continent at various horizontal resolutions. Each grid contains data for dozens of weather parameters, including temperature, precipitation, lightning, and turbulent kinetic energy. NAM uses additional numerical weather models to generate high-resolution forecasts over fixed regions, and occasionally to follow significant weather events like hur...

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NOAA Oceanic Climate Data Records

agricultureclimatemeteorologicaloceanssustainabilityweather

NOAA's Climate Data Records (CDRs) are robust, sustainable, and scientifically sound climate records that provide trustworthy information on how, where, and to what extent the land, oceans, atmosphere and ice sheets are changing. These datasets are thoroughly vetted time series measurements with the longevity, consistency, and continuity to assess and measure climate variability and change. NOAA CDRs are vetted using standards established by the National Research Council (NRC).

Climate Data Records are created by merging data from surface, atmosphere, and space-based systems across decades. NOAA’s Climate Data Records provides authoritative and traceable long-term climate records. NOAA developed CDRs by applying modern data analysis methods to historical global satellite data. This process can clarify the underlying climate trends within the data and allows researchers and other users to identify economic and scientific value in these records. NCEI maintains and extends CDRs by applying the same methods to present-day and future satellite measurements.

Oceanic Climate Data Records are measurements of oceans and seas both surface and subsurface as well as frozen st
...

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NOAA Office of Coast Survey - Hydrographic Survey Data

bathymetryearth observationmarine navigationmodeloceansoceans

Founded in 1807, NOAA’s Office of Coast Survey is the nation’s first scientific agency and today is responsible for supporting nearly $5.4 trillion in economic activity through providing advanced marine navigation services. The Office of Coast Survey collects and qualifies hydrographic, bathymetric, and topographic data, from NOAA platforms and many other data providers. These data and associated deliverables are posted here for various users to access, including but not limited to the "National Bathymetric Source Program" for incorporation into compilations of the best available bat...

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NOAA Rapid Refresh (RAP)

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather

The Rapid Refresh (RAP) is a NOAA/NCEP operational weather prediction system comprised primarily of a numerical forecast model and analysis/assimilation system to initialize that model. It covers North America and is run with a horizontal resolution of 13 km and 50 vertical layers. The RAP was developed to serve users needing frequently updated short-range weather forecasts, including those in the US aviation community and US severe weather forecasting community. The model is run for every hour of the day; it is integrated to 51 hours for the 03/09/15/21 UTC cycles and to 21 hours for every ot...

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NOAA Real-Time Mesoscale Analysis (RTMA) / Unrestricted Mesoscale Analysis (URMA)

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather

The Real-Time Mesoscale Analysis (RTMA) is a NOAA National Centers For Environmental Prediction (NCEP) high-spatial and temporal resolution analysis/assimilation system for near-surf ace weather conditions. Its main component is the NCEP/EMC Gridpoint Statistical Interpolation (GSI) system applied in two-dimensional variational mode to assimilate conventional and satellite-derived observations.

The RTMA was developed to support NDFD operations and provide field forecasters with high quality analyses for nowcasting, situational awareness, and forecast verification purposes. The system produces
...

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NOAA S-102 Bathymetric Surface Data

bathymetryhydrographymarine navigationoceansseafloorwater

S-102 is a data and metadata encoding specification that is part of the S-100 Universal Hydrographic Data Model, an international standard for hydrographic data exchange. This collection of data contains bathymetric surfaces from NOAA/NOS/OCS National Bathymetric Source, for various U.S. coastal and offshore waters and the great lakes. These datasets are encoded as HDF5 files conforming to the S-102 specification.

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NOAA Severe Weather Data Inventory (SWDI)

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather

The Storm Events Database is an integrated database of severe weather events across the United States from 1950 to this year, with information about a storm event's location, azimuth, distance, impact, and severity, including the cost of damages to property and crops. It contains data documenting: The occurrence of storms and other significant weather phenomena having sufficient intensity to cause loss of life, injuries, significant property damage, and/or disruption to commerce. Rare, unusual, weather phenomena that generate media attention, such as snow flurries in South Florida or the S...

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NOAA Space Weather Forecast and Observation Data

climatemeteorologicalsolarweather

Space weather forecast and observation data is collected and disseminated by NOAA’s Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC) in Boulder, CO. SWPC produces forecasts for multiple space weather phenomenon types and the resulting impacts to Earth and human activities. A variety of products are available that provide these forecast expectations, and their respective measurements, in formats that range from detailed technical forecast discussions to NOAA Scale values to simple bulletins that give information in laymen's terms. Forecasting is the prediction of future events, based on analysis and...

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NOAA Terrestrial Climate Data Records

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalsustainabilityweather

NOAA's Climate Data Records (CDRs) are robust, sustainable, and scientifically sound climate records that provide trustworthy information on how, where, and to what extent the land, oceans, atmosphere and ice sheets are changing. These datasets are thoroughly vetted time series measurements with the longevity, consistency, and continuity to assess and measure climate variability and change. NOAA CDRs are vetted using standards established by the National Research Council (NRC).

Climate Data Records are created by merging data from surface, atmosphere, and space-based systems across decades. NOAA’s Climate Data Records provides authoritative and traceable long-term climate records. NOAA developed CDRs by applying modern data analysis methods to historical global satellite data. This process can clarify the underlying climate trends within the data and allows researchers and other users to identify economic and scientific value in these records. NCEI maintains and extends CDRs by applying the same methods to present-day and future satellite measurements.

Terrestrial CDRs are composed of sensor data that have been improved and quality controlled over time, together w
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NOAA U.S. Climate Gridded Dataset (NClimGrid)

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather

The NOAA Monthly U.S. Climate Gridded Dataset (NClimGrid) consists of four climate variables derived from the GHCN-D dataset: maximum temperature, minimum temperature, average temperature and precipitation. Each file provides monthly values in a 5x5 lat/lon grid for the Continental United States. Data is available from 1895 to the present. On an annual basis, approximately one year of "final" nClimGrid will be submitted to replace the initially supplied "preliminary" data for the same time period. Users should be sure to ascertain which level of data is required for their research.

EpiNOAA is an analysis ready dataset that consists of a daily time-series of nClimGrid measures (maximum temperature, minimum temperature, average temperature, and precipitation) at the county scale. Each file provides daily values for the Continental United States. Data are available from 1951 to the present. Daily data are updated every 3 days with a preliminary data file and replaced with the scaled (i.e., quality controlled) data file every three months. This derivative data product is an enhancement from the original daily nClimGrid dataset in that all four weather parameters are now p
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NOAA Unified Forecast System (UFS) Land Data Assimilation (DA) System

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather

The Unified Forecast System (UFS) is a community-based, coupled, comprehensive Earth modeling system. It supports "multiple applications" covering different forecast durations and spatial domains. The Land Data Assimilation (DA) System is an offline version of the Noah Multi-Physics (Noah-MP) land surface model (LSM) used in the UFS Weather Model (WM). Its data assimilation framework uses "[Joint Effort for Data assimilation Integration - JEDI] (https://www.jcsda.org/jcsda-project-jedi)" software. The offline Noah-MP LSM is a stand-alone, uncoupled model used to execute land surface simulations. In this traditional uncoupled mode, near-surface atmospheric forcing data is required as input. Sample forcing and restart data are provided in this data bucket.

The Noah-MP LSM has evolved through community efforts to pursue and refine a modern-era LSM suitable for use in the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) operational weather and climate prediction models. This collaborative effort continues with participation from entities such as NCAR, NCEP, NASA, and university groups.

For details regarding the physical parameterizations used in Noah-MP, see "[Niu, et al. (2011)] (https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2010JD015139)". The "[Land DA User’s Guide] (https://land-da.readthedocs.io/en/latest/)" provides information on building and running the Land DA System in offline mode. Users can access additional technical support via the "[UFS GitHub Discussions] (https://github.com/NOAA-EPIC/land-offline_workflow/discussions)" for the L...

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NOAA Unified Forecast System (UFS) Marine Reanalysis: 1979-2019

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather

The NOAA UFS Marine Reanalysis is a global sea ice ocean coupled reanalysis product produced by the marine data assimilation team of the UFS Research-to-Operation (R2O) project. Underlying forecast and data assimilation systems are based on the UFS model prototype version-6 and the Next Generation Global Ocean Data Assimilation System (NG-GODAS) release of the Joint Effort for Data assimilation Integration (JEDI) Sea Ice Ocean Coupled Assimilation (SOCA). Covering the 40 year reanalysis time period from 1979 to 2019, the data atmosphere option of the UFS coupled global atmosphere ocean sea ice (DATM-MOM6-CICE6) model was applied with two atmospheric forcing data sets: CFSR from 1979 to 1999 and GEFS from 2000 to 2019. Assimilated observation data sets include extensive space-based marine observations and conventional direct measurements of in situ profile data sets.

This first UFS-marine interim reanalysis product is released to the broader weather and earth system modeling and analysis communities to obtain scientific feedback and applications for the development of the next generation operational numerical weather prediction system at the National Weather Service(NWS). The released file sets include two parts 1.) 1979 - 2019 UFS-DATM-MOM6-CICE6 model free runs and 2) 1979-2019 reanalysis cycle outputs (see descriptions embedded in each file set). Analyzed sea ice and ocean variables are ocean temperature, salinity, sea surface height, and sea ice conce
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NOAA Unified Forecast System Short-Range Weather (UFS SRW) Application

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather

The "Unified Forecast System (UFS)" is a community-based, coupled, comprehensive Earth Modeling System. It supports " multiple applications" with different forecast durations and spatial domains. The UFS Short-Range Weather (SRW) Application figures among these applications. It targets predictions of atmospheric behavior on a limited spatial domain and on time scales from minutes to several days. The SRW Application includes a prognostic atmospheric model, pre-processor, post-processor, and community workflow for running the system end-to-end. The "SRW Application Users's Guide" includes information on these components and provides detailed instructions on how to build and run the SRW Application. Users can access additional technical support via the "UFS GitHub Discussions"

This data registry contains the data required to run the “out-of-the-box” SRW Application case. The SRW App requires numerous input files to run, including static datasets (fix files containing climatological information, terrain and land use data), initial condition data files, lateral boundary condition data files, and model configuration files (such as namelists). The SRW App experiment generation system also contains a set of workflow end-to-end (WE2E) tests that exercise various configurations of the system (e.g., different grids, physics suites). Data for running a subset of these WE2E tests are also included within this registry.

Users can generate forecasts for dates not included in this data registry by downloading and manually adding raw model files for the desired dates. Many of these model files are publicly available and can be accessed via links on the "Developmental Testbed Center" webs...

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NOAA Unified Forecast System Weather Model (UFS-WM) Regression Tests

agricultureclimatemeteorologicalweather

The Unified Forecast System (UFS) is a community-based, coupled, comprehensive Earth Modeling System. The ufs-weather-model (UFS-WM) is the model source of the UFS for NOAA’s operational numerical weather prediction applications. The UFS-WM Regression Test (RT) is the testing software to ensure that previously developed and tested capabilities in UFS-WM still work after code changes are integrated into the system. It is required that UFS-WM RTs are performed successfully on the required Tier-1 platforms whenever code changes are made to the UFS-WM. The results of the UFS-WM RTs are summarized in log files and these files will be committed to the UFS-WM repository along with the code changes. Currently, the UFS-WM RTs have been developed to support several applications targeted for operational implementations including the global weather forecast, subseasonal to seasonal forecasts, hurricane forecast, regional rapid refresh forecast, and ocean analysis.

At this time, there are 123 regression tests to support the UFS applications. The tests are evolving along with the development merged to the UFS-WM code repository. The regression test framework has been developed in the UFS-WM to run these tests on tier-1 supported systems. Each of the regression tests require a set of input data files and configuration files. The configuration files include namelist and model configuration files residing within the UFS-WM code repository. The input data includes initial conditions, climatology data, and fixed data sets such as orographic data and grid sp
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NOAA Wang Sheeley Arge (WSA) Enlil

climatemeteorologicalsolarweather

The WSA-Enlil heliospheric model provides critical information regarding the propagation of solar Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) and transient structures within the heliosphere. Two distinct models comprise the WSA-Enlil modeling system; 1) the Wang-Sheeley-Arge (WSA) semi-empirical solar coronal model, and 2) the Enlil magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) heliospheric model. MHD modeling of the full domain (solar photosphere to Earth) is extremely computationally demanding due to the large parameter space and resulting characteristic speeds within the system. To reduce the computational burden and improve the timeliness (and hence the utility in forecasting space weather disturbances) of model results, the domain of the MHD model (Enlil) is limited from 21.5 Solar Radii (R_s) to just beyond the orbit of Earth, while the inner portion, spanning from the solar photosphere to 21.5R_s, is characterized by the WSA model. This coupled modeling system is driven by solar synoptic maps composed of numerous magnetogram observations from the National Solar Observatory’s (NSO) Global Oscillation Network Group (GONG). Such maps provide a full surface description of solar photospheric magnetic flux density, while not accounting for the evolution of surface features for regions outside the view of the observatories.

In its current configuration (NOAA WSA-Enlil V3.0), the modeling system consists of WSA V5.4 and Enlil V2.9e. The system relies upon the zero point corrected GONG synoptic maps (mrzqs) to define the inner photospheric boundary.

The operational data files provided in this bucket include NetCDF files containing 3-dimensional gridded neutral density from 100 to 1000 km, Total Electron Content (TEC), and Maximum Usable Frequency (MUF).

The full 3D datasets from the operational model are provided here as compressed tar files with naming convention wsa_enlil.mrid########.full3d.tgz. These files consist of the full set of 3D datacubes (tim..nc), all time series results stored at predefined observation points (evo..nc), and supplemented by the operational CME fits (conefiles) and the operationally...

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NOAA Whole Atmosphere Model-Ionosphere Plasmasphere Electrodynamics (WAM-IPE) Forecast System (WFS)

climatemeteorologicalsolarweather

The coupled Whole Atmosphere Model-Ionosphere Plasmasphere Electrodynamics (WAM-IPE) Forecast System (WFS) is developed and maintained by the NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC). The WAM-IPE model provides a specification of ionosphere and thermosphere conditions with real-time nowcasts and forecasts up to two days in advance in response to solar, geomagnetic, and lower atmospheric forcing. The WAM is an extension of the Global Forecast System (GFS) with a spectral hydrostatic dynamical core utilizing an enthalpy thermodynamic variable to 150 vertical levels on a hybrid pressure-sigma grid, with a model top of approximately 3 x 10-7 Pa (typically 400-600km depending on levels of solar activity). Additional upper atmospheric physics and chemistry, including electrodynamics and plasma processes, are included. The IPE model provides the plasma component of the atmosphere. It is a time-dependent, global 3D model of the ionosphere and plasmasphere from 90 km to approximately 10,000 km. WAM fields of winds, temperature, and molecular and atomic atmospheric composition are coupled to IPE to enable the plasma to respond to changes driven by the neutral atmosphere.

The operational WAM-IPE is currently running in two different Concepts of Operation (CONOPS) to produce results of Nowcast and Forecast. The WAM-IPE real-time nowcast system (WRS) ingests real-time solar wind parameters every 5 minutes from NOAA’s spacecrafts located at Lagrange point 1 (L1) between the Sun and Earth in order to capture rapid changes in the ionosphere and thermosphere due to the sudden onset of geomagnetic storms. The nowcast is reinitialized every six hours to include the latest forcing from the lower atmosphere. The forecast system (WFS) runs four times daily (0, 6, 12, 18 UT), providing two-day forecasts. Observed solar wind parameters are used whenever observational values are available, for the forecast portion, the forecasted 3-hour Kp and daily F10.7 issued by SWFO are ingested into the model to estimate solar wind parameters. Lower atmospheric data assimilation only carries out twice daily at 0 and 12 UT cycles to maintain the stability of the coupled model. Model version v1.2 became available in July 2023, featuring the implementation of the WRS into operations, as well as improvements to the Kp-derived solar wind parameters utilized by WFS forecasts.

The data files within this bucket are provided strictly on a non-operational basis, with no guarantee of timely delivery or availability. There may exist temporal gaps in coverage.

The top-level versioned directories (v1.x) include NetCDF files from operational runs providing 3-dimensional gridded neutral density every 10 minutes with an altitude range from 100 to 1000 km. wfs.YYYYMMDD subdirectories contain two-day forecasts, updated four times daily (cycle initialization 00, 06, 12, 18 UT). wrs.YYYYMMDD subdirectories contain real-time nowcast neutral density outputs, reinitialized ever
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NOAA's Coastal Ocean Reanalysis (CORA) Dataset

agricultureagricultureclimatedisaster responseenvironmentaloceanstransportationweather

NOAA's Coastal Ocean Reanalysis (CORA) for the Gulf of Mexico and East Coast (GEC) is produced using verified hourly water levels from the Center of Operational Oceanographic Products & Services (CO-OPS), through hydrodynamic modeling from Advanced Circulation "ADCIRC" and Simulating WAves Nearshore "SWAN" models. Data are assimilated, processed, corrected, and processed again before quality assurance and skill assessment with additional verified tide station-based observations.

Details for CORA Dataset

Timeseries - 1979 to 2022
Size - Approx. 20.5TB
Domain - Lat 5.8 to 45.8 ; Long -98.0 to -53.8
Nodes - 1813443 centroids, 3564104 elements
Grid cells - Currently apporximately 505
Spatial Resolution ...

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Nanopore Reference Human Genome

geneticgenomiclife scienceswhole genome sequencing

This dataset includes the sequencing and assembly of a reference standard human genome (GM12878) using the MinION nanopore sequencing instrument with the R9.4 1D chemistry.

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Natural Scenes Dataset

computer visionimage processingimaginglife sciencesmachine learningmagnetic resonance imagingneuroimagingneurosciencenifti

Here, we collected and pre-processed a massive, high-quality 7T fMRI dataset that can be used to advance our understanding of how the brain works. A unique feature of this dataset is the massive amount of data available per individual subject. The data were acquired using ultra-high-field fMRI (7T, whole-brain, 1.8-mm resolution, 1.6-s TR). We measured fMRI responses while each of 8 participants viewed 9,000–10,000 distinct, color natural scenes (22,500–30,000 trials) in 30–40 weekly scan sessions over the course of a year. Additional measures were collected including resting-state data, retin...

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OAQPS 2022 Modeling Platform

air qualitymeteorologicalregulatoryweather

The data are part of the 2022 Modeling Platform used to support regulatory actions and technical analyses conducted by the EPA's Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards. Specifically, this data is Weather Research and Forecasting Model (v4.4.2) conducted at a 12-km resolution over the Continental United States (12US). Additionally, MCIP-processed files are also available as part of this dataset to asset in the use of emissions processing and photochemical modeling. These files may be used in downstream applications to generate emissions, photochemical modeling, or dispersion modeling...

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ONS Open Data Portal

electricityenergyhydrography

The ONS Open Data Portal, produced by the National Operator of the Electric System (ONS), gathers historical data from the Brazilian electricity sector in an easy and democratic way with the main objective to facilitate and improve the access and consumption of this type of content by all users and audiences. The Portal gathers consolidated data on energy generation (hydraulic, thermal, solar and wind), areas of national and international energy exchange and energy load, information about equipments such as transmission lines, generating units, converters and others; and hydrological data obta...

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Open Food Facts Images

image processingmachine learning

A dataset of all images of Open Food Facts, the biggest open dataset of food products in the world.

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Open Observatory of Network Interference (OONI)

internet

A free software, global observation network for detecting censorship, surveillance and traffic manipulation on the internet.

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OpenNeuro

biologyimaginglife sciencesneurobiologyneuroimaging

OpenNeuro is a database of openly-available brain imaging data. The data are shared according to a Creative Commons CC0 license, providing a broad range of brain imaging data to researchers and citizen scientists alike. The database primarily focuses on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data, but also includes other imaging modalities including structural and diffusion MRI, electroencephalography (EEG), and magnetoencephalograpy (MEG). OpenfMRI is a project of the Center for Reproducible Neuroscience at Stanford University. Development of the OpenNeuro resource has been funded by th...

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Opioid Industry Documents Archive (OIDA) Data on AWS

archivespharmaceuticaltext analysistxt

The OIDA Data on AWS contain the metadata, documents, and extracted text for all of the documents in the UCSF-JHU Opioid Industry Documents Archive, a growing corpus of internal corporate records and other documents arising from the opioid industry.

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PROJ datum grids

geospatialmapping

Horizontal and vertical adjustment datasets for coordinate transformation to be used by PROJ 7 or later. PROJ is a generic coordinate transformation software that transforms geospatial coordinates from one coordinate reference system (CRS) to another. This includes cartographic projections as well as geodetic transformations.

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Pan-STARRS PS1 Survey

astronomy

The PS1 surveys used a 1.8 meter telescope and its 1.4 Gigapixel camera to image the sky in five broadband filters. The largest of these surveys provides coverage of the entire sky north of -30 degrees declination, with approximately 10 observation epochs across 3 years in each filter.

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Physionet

biologylife sciences

PhysioNet offers free web access to large collections of recorded physiologic signals (PhysioBank) and related open-source software (PhysioToolkit).

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Provision of Web-Scale Parallel Corpora for Official European Languages (ParaCrawl)

machine translationnatural language processing

ParaCrawl is a set of large parallel corpora to/from English for all official EU languages by a broad web crawling effort. State-of-the-art methods are applied for the entire processing chain from identifying web sites with translated text all the way to collecting, cleaning and delivering parallel corpora that are ready as training data for CEF.AT and translation memories for DG Translation.

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SISSA daily forecast retrospective database

agricultureearth observationforecasthydrologymeteorologicalnatural resourceweather

En el marco del Sistema de Información de Sequías del Sur de Sudamérica (SISSA) se ha desarrollado una base de predicciones en escala subestacional y estacional con datos corregidos y sin corregir, con el propósito que permita estudiar predictibilidad en distintas escalas y también que sirva para alimentar modelos de sectores como agricultura e hidrología.

La base contiene datos en escala diaria entre 2000-2019 (sin corregir) y 2010-2019 (corregidos) para diversas variables incluyendo: temperatura media, máxima y mínima, así como también lluvia, viento medio y otras variables pensadas para alimentar modelos hidrológicos y de cultivo.

La base de datos abarca toda el área del Centro Regional del Clima para el sur de sudamérica (CRC-SAS), abarcando desde Bolivia y centro-sur de Brasil hasta la Patagonia incluyendo los países miembros como Chile, Argentina, Brasil, Paraguay, Uruguay y Bolivia.

La base fue generada a partir de datos de GEFSv12 para escala subestacional (GEFS) y CFS2 para escala estacional (CFS2). Para la generación de los datos corregidos se utilizaron los datos del reanálisis de ERA5 (ERA5).


Within the framework of the Southern South American Drought Information System (SISSA), a base of sub-seasonal and seasonal scale predictions has been developed with corrected and uncorrected data, with the purpose of studying predictability at different scales and also to be used to feed models for sectors such as agriculture and hydrology.

The database contains daily scale data between 2000-2019 (uncorrected) and 2010-2019 (corrected) for several variables including: mean, maximum and minimum temperature, as well as rainfall, mean wind and other variables intended to feed hydrological and crop models.

The database covers the entire area of the Regional Climate Center for Southern South America (CRC-SAS), from Bolivia and south-central Brazil to Patagonia, including member countries such as Chile, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Bolivia.

The base was generated from GEFSv12 data for subseasonal scale (GEFS) and CFS2 for seasonal scale (CFS2). Data from the ERA5 reanalysis (ERA5) we...

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SMN Hi-Res Weather Forecast over Argentina

earth observationmeteorologicalnatural resourceweather

The Servicio Meteorológico Nacional de Argentina (SMN-Arg), the National Meteorological Service of Argentina, shares its deterministic forecasts generated with WRF 4.0 (Weather and Research Forecasting) initialized at 00 and 12 UTC every day.

This forecast includes some key hourly surface variables –2 m temperature, 2 m relative humidity, 10 m wind magnitude and direction, and precipitation–, along with other daily variables, minimum and maximum temperature.

The forecast covers Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay and parts of Bolivia and Brazil in a Lambert conformal projection, with 4 km
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SUCHO Ukrainian Cultural Heritage Web Archives

cultural preservationinternetukraine

The dataset contains web archives of Open Access collections of digitised cultural heritage from more than 3,000+ websites of Ukrainian cultural institutions, such as museums, libraries or archives. The web archives have been produced by SUCHO, which is a volunteer group of more than 1,300 international cultural heritage professionals – librarians, archivists, researchers, programmers - who have joined forces to save as much digitised cultural heritage during the 2022 invasion of Ukraine before the servers hosting them get destroyed, damaged or go offline for any other reason. The web archives...

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Sentinel Near Real-time Canada Mirror

agriculturedisaster responseearth observationgeospatialsatellite imagerystacsustainabilitysynthetic aperture radar

The official Government of Canada (GC) 🍁 Near Real-time (NRT) Sentinel Mirror connected to the EU Copernicus programme, focused on Canadian coverage. In 2015, Canada joined the Sentinel collaborative ground segment which introduced an NRT Sentinel mirror site for users and programs inside the Government of Canada (GC). In 2022, the Commission signed a Copernicus Arrangement with the Canadian Space Agency with the aim to share each other’s satellite Earth Observation data on the basis of reciprocity. Further to this arrangement as well as ongoing Open Government efforts, the private mirror was...

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Smithsonian Open Access

artcultureencyclopedichistorymuseum

The Smithsonian’s mission is the "increase and diffusion of knowledge" and has been collecting since 1846. The Smithsonian, through its efforts to digitize its multidisciplinary collections, has created millions of digital assets and related metadata describing the collection objects. On February 25th, 2020, the Smithsonian released over 2.8 million CC0 interdisciplinary 2-D and 3-D images, related metadata, and additionally, research data from researches across the Smithsonian. The 2.8 million "open access" collections are a subset of the Smithsonian’s 155 million objects,...

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Software Heritage Graph Dataset

digital preservationfree softwareopen source softwaresource code

Software Heritage is the largest existing public archive of software source code and accompanying development history. The Software Heritage Graph Dataset is a fully deduplicated Merkle DAG representation of the Software Heritage archive.The dataset links together file content identifiers, source code directories, Version Control System (VCS) commits tracking evolution over time, up to the full states of VCS repositories as observed by Software Heritage during periodic crawls. The dataset’s contents come from major development forges (including GitHub and GitLab), FOSS distributions (e.g., Deb...

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Textbook Question Answering (TQA)

machine learning

1,076 textbook lessons, 26,260 questions, 6229 images

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The Genome Modeling System

geneticgenomiclife sciences

The Genome Institute at Washington University has developed a high-throughput, fault-tolerant analysis information management system called the Genome Modeling System (GMS), capable of executing complex, interdependent, and automated genome analysis pipelines at a massive scale. The GMS framework provides detailed tracking of samples and data coupled with reliable and repeatable analysis pipelines. GMS includes a full system image with software and services, expandable from one workstation to a large compute cluster.

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The Klarna Product-Page Dataset

commercecomputer visiondeep learninggraphinformation retrievalinternetmachine learningnatural language processing

A collection of 51,701 product pages from 8175 e-commerce websites across 8 markets (US, GB, SE, NL, FI, NO, DE, AT) with 5 manually labelled elements, specifically, the product price, name and image, add-to-cart and go-to-cart buttons. The dataset was collected between 2018 and 2019 and is made available has MHTML and as WebTraversalLibrary-format snapshots.

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The Massively Multilingual Image Dataset (MMID)

computer visionmachine learningmachine translationnatural language processing

MMID is a large-scale, massively multilingual dataset of images paired with the words they represent collected at the University of Pennsylvania. The dataset is doubly parallel: for each language, words are stored parallel to images that represent the word, and parallel to the word's translation into English (and corresponding images.)

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The University of California San Francisco Brain Metastases Stereotactic Radiosurgery (UCSF-BMSR) MRI Dataset

cancerlife sciencesmagnetic resonance imagingmedical imagingmedicineradiology

The University of California San Francisco Brain Metastases Stereotactic Radiosurgery (UCSF-BMSR) dataset is a public, clinical, multimodal brain MRI dataset consisting of 560 brain MRIs from 412 patients with expert annotations of 5136 brain metastases. Data consists of registered and skull stripped T1 post-contrast, T1 pre-contrast, FLAIR and subtraction (T1 pre-contrast - T1 post-contrast) images and voxelwise segmentations of enhancing brain metastases in NifTI format.

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UCSC Genome Browser Sequence and Annotations

bioinformaticsbiologygeneticgenomiclife sciences

The UCSC Genome Browser is an online graphical viewer for genomes, a genome browser, hosted by the University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC). The interactive website offers access to genome sequence data from a variety of vertebrate and invertebrate species and major model organisms, integrated with a large collection of aligned annotations. This dataset is a copy of the MySQL tables in MyISAM binary and tab-sep format and all binary files in custom formats, sometimes referred as 'gbdb'-files. Data from the UCSC Genome Browser is free and open for use by anyone. However, every genome...

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USearch Molecules

biologychemical biologylife sciencespharmaceutical

Collection of 7 billion small molecules in SMILES notation with 28 billion fingerprints, including MACCS, ECFP4, FCFP4, and PubChem, with pre-constructed USearch indexes over them.

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Umbra Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Open Data

earth observationgeospatialimage processingsatellite imagerystacsynthetic aperture radar

Umbra satellites generate the highest resolution Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imagery ever offered from space, up to 16-cm resolution. SAR can capture images at night, through cloud cover, smoke and rain. SAR is unique in its abilities to monitor changes. The Open Data Program (ODP) features over twenty diverse time-series locations that are updated frequently, allowing users to experiment with SAR's capabilities. We offer single-looked spotlight mode in either 16cm, 25cm, 35cm, 50cm, or 1m resolution, and multi-looked spotlight mode. The ODP also features an assorted collection of over ...

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University of British Columbia Sunflower Genome Dataset

agriculturebiodiversitybioinformaticsbiologyfood securitygeneticgenomiclife scienceswhole genome sequencing

This dataset captures Sunflower's genetic diversity originating from thousands of wild, cultivated, and landrace sunflower individuals distributed across North America.The data consists of raw sequences and associated botanical metadata, aligned sequences (to three different reference genomes), and sets of SNPs computed across several cohorts.

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VENUS L2A Cloud-Optimized GeoTIFFs

activity detectionagriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationenvironmentalgeospatialimage processingland covernatural resourcesatellite imagerystac

The Venµs science mission is a joint research mission undertaken by CNES and ISA, the Israel Space Agency. It aims to demonstrate the effectiveness of high-resolution multi-temporal observation optimised through Copernicus, the global environmental and security monitoring programme. Venµs was launched from the Centre Spatial Guyanais by a VEGA rocket, during the night from 2017, August 1st to 2nd. Thanks to its multispectral camera (12 spectral bands in the visible and near-infrared ranges, with spectral characteristics provided here), it acquires imagery every 1-2 days over 100+ areas at...

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ZEST: ZEroShot learning from Task descriptions

machine learningnatural language processing

ZEST is a benchmark for zero-shot generalization to unseen NLP tasks, with 25K labeled instances across 1,251 different tasks.

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iNaturalist Licensed Observation Images

biodiversitybioinformaticsconservationearth observationlife sciences

iNaturalist is a community science effort in which participants share observations of living organisms that they encounter and document with photographic evidence, location, and date. The community works together reviewing these images to identify these observations to species. This collection represents the licensed images accompanying iNaturalist observations.

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stdpopsim species resources

genetic mapslife sciencespopulation geneticsrecombination mapssimulations

Contains all resources (genome specifications, recombination maps, etc.) required for species specific simulation with the stdpopsim package. These resources are originally from a variety of other consortium and published work but are consolidated here for ease of access and use. If you are interested in adding a new species to the stdpopsim resource please raise an issue on the stdpopsim GitHub page to have the necessary files added here.

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Amazon Bin Image Dataset

amazon.sciencecomputer visionmachine learning

The Amazon Bin Image Dataset contains over 500,000 images and metadata from bins of a pod in an operating Amazon Fulfillment Center. The bin images in this dataset are captured as robot units carry pods as part of normal Amazon Fulfillment Center operations.

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ChEMBL - Data Lakehouse Ready

biotech blueprintchemistrygenomiclife sciencesmoleculeparquet

ChEMBL is a manually curated database of bioactive molecules with drug-like properties. It brings together chemical, bioactivity and genomic data to aid the translation of genomic information into effective new drugs. This representation of ChEMBL is stored in Parquet format and most easily utilized through Amazon Athena. Follow the documentation for install instructions (< 2 minute install). New ChEMBL releases occur sporadically; the most up to date information on ChEMBL releases can be found here.

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ClinVar - Data Lakehouse Ready

biotech blueprintchemistrygeneticgenomiclife sciencesparquet

ClinVar is a freely accessible, public archive of reports of the relationships among human variations and phenotypes, with supporting evidence. ClinVar thus facilitates access to and communication about the relationships asserted between human variation and observed health status, and the history of that interpretation. ClinVar processes submissions reporting variants found in patient samples, assertions made regarding their clinical significance, information about the submitter, and other supporting data. The alleles described in submissions are mapped to reference sequences, and reported acc...

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Estimating Confidence Intervals for 2020 Census Statistics Using an Approximate Monte Carlo Simulation

ageapproximate monte carloapproximate monte carlo replicatescensusdemographic and housing characteristics filedhcdifferential privacydisclosure avoidanceethnicitygroup quartershispanichousehold typehousinghousing unitslatinomicrodatanoisy measurementspopulationraceredistrictingrelation-to-householdersingle year of agevoting age

The 2010 Census Production Settings Demographic and Housing Characteristics (DHC) Approximate Monte Carlo (AMC) method seed Privacy Protected Microdata File (PPMF0) and PPMF replicates (PPMF1, PPMF2, ..., PPMF25) are a set of microdata files intended for use in estimating the magnitude of error(s) introduced by the 2020 Decennial Census Disclosure Avoidance System (DAS) into the Redistricting and DHC products. The PPMF0 was created by executing the 2020 DAS TopDown Algorithm (TDA) using the confidential 2010 Census Edited File (CEF) as the initial input; the replicates were then created by executing the 2020 DAS TDA repeatedly with the PPMF0 as its initial input. Inspired by analogy to the use of bootstrap methods in non-private contexts, U.S. Census Bureau (USCB) researchers explored whether simple calculations based on comparing each PPMFi to the PPMF0 could be used to reliably estimate the scale of errors introduced by the 2020 DAS, and generally found this approach worked well.

The PPMF0 and PPMFi files contained here are provided so that external researchers can estimate properties of DAS-introduced error without privileged access to internal USCB-curated data sets; further information on the estimation methodology can be found in Ashmead et. al 2024.

The 2010 DHC AMC seed PPMF0 and PPMF replicates have been cleared for public dissemination by the USCB Disclosure Review Board (CBDRB-FY24-DSEP-0002). The 2010 PPMF0 included in these files was produced using the same parameters and settings as were used to produce the 2010 Demonstration Data Product Suite (202...

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Open Targets - Data Lakehouse Ready

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This a Parquet representation of the Open Targets Platform's latest export. The Open Targets Platform integrates evidence from genetics, genomics, transcriptomics, drugs, animal models and scientific literature to score and rank target-disease associations for drug target identification. The Open Targets Platform (https://www.targetvalidation.org) is a freely available resource for the integration of genetics, genomics, and chemical data to aid systematic drug target identification and prioritisation. This dataset is 'Lakehouse Ready'. Meaning, you can query this data in-place straight out of the Registry of Open Data S3 bucket. Deploy this dataset's corresponding CloudFormation template to create the AWS Glue catalog entries into your account in about 30 seconds. That one step will enable you to write SQL with AWS Athena, build dashboards and charts with Amazon Quick...

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YouTube 8 Million - Data Lakehouse Ready

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This both the original .tfrecords and a Parquet representation of the YouTube 8 Million dataset. YouTube-8M is a large-scale labeled video dataset that consists of millions of YouTube video IDs, with high-quality machine-generated annotations from a diverse vocabulary of 3,800+ visual entities. It comes with precomputed audio-visual features from billions of frames and audio segments, designed to fit on a single hard disk. This dataset also includes the YouTube-8M Segments data from June 2019. This dataset is 'Lakehouse Ready'. Meaning, you can query this data in-place straight out of...

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1000 Genomes Phase 3 Reanalysis with DRAGEN 3.5 - Data Lakehouse Ready

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The 1000 Genomes Project is an international collaboration which has established the most detailed catalogue of human genetic variation, including SNPs, structural variants, and their haplotype context. There were a total of 3202 individuals sequenced as part of Phase 3 of this project. The high coverage samples were processed using the Illumina DRAGEN v3.5.7b pipeline and are available at s3://1000genomes-dragen/. This dataset contains the VCFs transformed to Parquet/ORC in 3 different schemas - partitioned by samples, partitioned by chromosome and a nested data format. These representations ...

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AWS Public Blockchain Data

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The AWS Public Blockchain Data provide datasets from the Bitcoin and Ethereum blockchains. The blockchain data is transformed into multiple tables as compressed Parquet files partitioned by date to allow efficient access for most common analytics queries.

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AWS iGenomes

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