NOAA Global Historical Climatology Network Daily (GHCN-D)

climate meteorological sustainability weather


Global Historical Climatology Network - Daily is a dataset from NOAA that contains daily observations over global land areas. It contains station-based measurements from land-based stations worldwide, about two thirds of which are for precipitation measurement only. Other meteorological elements include, but are not limited to, daily maximum and minimum temperature, temperature at the time of observation, snowfall and snow depth. It is a composite of climate records from numerous sources that were merged together and subjected to a common suite of quality assurance reviews. Some data are more than 175 years old. The data is in CSV format. Each file corresponds to a year from 1763 to present and is named as such.

Update Frequency




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For questions regarding data content or quality, visit the NOAA GHCN site. For any questions regarding data delivery not associated with this platform or any general questions regarding the NOAA Big Data Project, email

Usage Examples


Resources on AWS

  • Description
    Project data files
    Resource type
    S3 Bucket
    Amazon Resource Name (ARN)
    AWS Region

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