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NOAA World Ocean Database (WOD)

climate oceans


The World Ocean Database (WOD) is the largest uniformly formatted, quality-controlled, publicly available historical subsurface ocean profile database. From Captain Cook's second voyage in 1772 to today's automated Argo floats, global aggregation of ocean variable information including temperature, salinity, oxygen, nutrients, and others vs. depth allow for study and understanding of the changing physical, chemical, and to some extent biological state of the World's Oceans. Browse the bucket via the AWS S3 explorer:

Update Frequency

Data is update on a quarterly basis


Open Data. There are no restrictions on the use of this data.


Managed By

See all datasets managed by NOAA.


For any questions regarding data delivery not associated with this platform or any general questions regarding the NOAA Big Data Program, email
We also seek to identify case studies on how NOAA data is being used and will be featuring those stories in joint publications and in upcoming events. If you are interested in seeing your story highlighted, please share it with the NOAA BDP team here:

How to Cite

NOAA World Ocean Database (WOD) was accessed on DATE from

Usage Examples

  • The World Ocean Database Introduction by Tim P. Boyer, Olga K. Baranova, Carla Coleman, Hernan E. Garcia, Alexandra Grodsky, Ricardo A. Locarnini, Alexey V. Mishonov, Christopher R. Paver, James R. Reagan, Dan Seidov, Igor V. Smolyar, Katharine W. Weathers, Melissa M. Zweng
  • The World Ocean Database User's Manual by Hernan E. Garcia, Tim P. Boyer, Ricardo A. Locarnini, Olga K. Baranova, Melissa M. Zweng

Resources on AWS

  • Description
    World Ocean Database (WOD) NetCDF Format
    Resource type
    S3 Bucket
    Amazon Resource Name (ARN)
    AWS Region
    AWS CLI Access (No AWS account required)
    aws s3 ls --no-sign-request s3://noaa-wod-pds/
    Browse Bucket

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