NOAA Integrated Surface Database (ISD)

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Description

The Integrated Surface Database (ISD) consists of global hourly and synoptic observations compiled from numerous sources into a gzipped fixed width format. ISD was developed as a joint activity within Asheville's Federal Climate Complex. The database includes over 35,000 stations worldwide, with some having data as far back as 1901, though the data show a substantial increase in volume in the 1940s and again in the early 1970s. Currently, there are over 14,000 "active" stations updated daily in the database. The total uncompressed data volume is around 600 gigabytes; however, it continues to grow as more data are added. ISD includes numerous parameters such as wind speed and direction, wind gust, temperature, dew point, cloud data, sea level pressure, altimeter setting, station pressure, present weather, visibility, precipitation amounts for various time periods, snow depth, and various other elements as observed by each station.

Update Frequency

Daily

License

https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/isd/data-access

Documentation

https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/data/global-hourly/doc/isd-format-document.pdf

Managed By

See all datasets managed by NOAA.

Contact

For questions regarding data content or quality, visit the NOAA ISD site.
For any questions regarding data delivery not associated with this platform or any general questions regarding the NOAA Big Data Program, email noaa.bdp@noaa.gov.
We also seek to identify case studies on how NOAA data is being used and will be featuring those stories in joint publications and in upcoming events. If you are interested in seeing your story highlighted, please share it with the NOAA BDP team here: noaa.bdp@noaa.gov

How to Cite

NOAA Integrated Surface Database (ISD) was accessed on DATE from https://registry.opendata.aws/noaa-isd.

Usage Examples

Tutorials

Resources on AWS

  • Description
    ISD in original format
    Resource type
    S3 Bucket
    Amazon Resource Name (ARN)
    arn:aws:s3:::noaa-isd-pds
    AWS Region
    us-east-1
    AWS CLI Access (No AWS account required)
    aws s3 ls s3://noaa-isd-pds/ --no-sign-request
    Explore
    Browse Bucket
  • Description
    ISD in CSV format
    Resource type
    S3 Bucket
    Amazon Resource Name (ARN)
    arn:aws:s3:::noaa-global-hourly-pds
    AWS Region
    us-east-1
    AWS CLI Access (No AWS account required)
    aws s3 ls s3://noaa-global-hourly-pds/ --no-sign-request
    Explore
    Browse Bucket

Edit this dataset entry on GitHub

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