Amazon Sustainability Data Initiative

The Amazon Sustainability Data Initiative (ASDI) seeks to accelerate sustainability research and innovation by minimizing the cost and time required to acquire and analyze large sustainability datasets. These datasets are publicly available to anyone. In addition, ASDI provides cloud grants to those interested in exploring the use of AWS’ technology and scalable infrastructure to solve big, long-term sustainability challenges with this data. The dual-pronged approach allows sustainability researchers to analyze massive amounts of data in mere minutes, regardless of where they are in the world or how much local storage space or computing capacity they can access. Learn more about ASDI here.

Categories: weather, climate, water, agriculture, satellite imagery, elevation, air quality, energy, disaster response, oceans


Search datasets (currently 13 matching datasets)


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If you want to add a dataset or example of how to use a dataset to this registry, please follow the instructions on the Registry of Open Data on AWS GitHub repository.

Unless specifically stated in the applicable dataset documentation, datasets available through the Registry of Open Data on AWS are not provided and maintained by AWS. Datasets are provided and maintained by a variety of third parties under a variety of licenses. Please check dataset licenses and related documentation to determine if a dataset may be used for your application.

weather


Atmospheric Models from Météo-France

Managed by OpenMeteoData

Global and high-resolution regional atmospheric models from Météo-France.

  • ARPEGE World covers the entire world at a base horizontal resolution of 0.5° (~55km) between grid points, it predicts weather out up to 114 hours in the future.
  • ARPEGE Europe covers Europe and North-Africa at a base horizontal resolution of 0.1° (~11km) between grid points, it predicts weather out up to 114 hours in the future.
  • AROME France covers France at a base horizontal resolution of 0.025° (~2.5km) between grid points, it predicts weather out up to 42 hours in the future.
  • AROME France HD covers France and neigborhood at a base horizontal resolution of 0.01° (~1.5km) between grid points, it predicts weather out up to 42 hours in the future.
Dozens of atmospheric variables are avail...

Finnish Meteorological Institute Weather Radar Data

Managed by Finnish Meteorological Institute

The up-to-date weather radar from the FMI radar network is available as Open Data. The data contain both single radar data along with composites over Finland in GeoTIFF and HDF5-formats. Available composite parameters consist of radar reflectivity (DBZ), rainfall intensity (RR), and precipitation accumulation of 1, 12, and 24 hours. Single radar parameters consist of radar reflectivity (DBZ), radial velocity (VRAD), rain classification (HCLASS), and Cloud top height (ETOP 20). Raw volume data from singe radars are also provided in HDF5 format with ODIM 2.3 conventions. Radar data becomes avail...

HIRLAM Weather Model

Managed by Finnish Meteorological Institute

HIRLAM (High Resolution Limited Area Model) is an operational synoptic and mesoscale weather prediction model managed by the Finnish Meteorological Institute.

IDEAM - Colombian Radar Network

Managed by IDEAM

Historical and one-day delay data from the IDEAM radar network.

NEXRAD on AWS

Managed by Unidata

Real-time and archival data from the Next Generation Weather Radar (NEXRAD) network.

NOAA Climate Forecast System (CFS)

Managed by NOAA

The Climate Forecast System (CFS) is a model representing the global interaction between Earth's oceans, land, and atmosphere. Produced by several dozen scientists under guidance from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP), this model offers hourly data with a horizontal resolution down to one-half of a degree (approximately 56 km) around Earth for many variables. CFS uses the latest scientific approaches for taking in, or assimilating, observations from data sources including surface observations, upper air balloon observations, aircraft observations, and satellite obser...

NOAA Global Ensemble Forecast System (GEFS)

Managed by NOAA

The Global Ensemble Forecast System (GEFS), previously known as the GFS Global ENSemble (GENS), is a weather forecast model made up of 21 separate forecasts, or ensemble members. The National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) started the GEFS to address the nature of uncertainty in weather observations, which is used to initialize weather forecast models. The GEFS attempts to quantify the amount of uncertainty in a forecast by generating an ensemble of multiple forecasts, each minutely different, or perturbed, from the original observations. With global coverage, GEFS is produced fo...

NOAA Global Ensemble Forecast System (GEFS) Re-forecast

Managed by NOAA

NOAA has generated a multi-decadal reanalysis and reforecast data set to accompany the next-generation version of its ensemble prediction system, the Global Ensemble Forecast System, version 12 (GEFSv12). Accompanying the real-time forecasts are “reforecasts” of the weather, that is, retrospective forecasts spanning the period 2000-2019. These reforecasts are not as numerous as the real-time data; they were generated only once per day, from 00 UTC initial conditions, and only 5 members were provided, with the following exception. Once weekly, an 11-member reforecast was generated, and these ex...

NOAA Global Forecast System (GFS)

Managed by NOAA

The Global Forecast System (GFS) is a weather forecast model produced by the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP). Dozens of atmospheric and land-soil variables are available through this dataset, from temperatures, winds, and precipitation to soil moisture and atmospheric ozone concentration. The entire globe is covered by the GFS at a base horizontal resolution of 18 miles (28 kilometers) between grid points, which is used by the operational forecasters who predict weather out to 16 days in the future. Horizontal resolution drops to 44 miles (70 kilometers) between grid point for forecasts between one week and two weeks.

The NOAA Global Forecast Systems (GFS) Warm Start Initial Conditions are produced by the National Centers for Environmental Prediction Center (NCEP) to run operational deterministic medium-range numerical weather predictions.
The GFS is built with the GFDL Finite-Volume Cubed-Sphere Dynamical Core (FV3) and the Grid-Point Statistical Interpolation (GSI) data assimilation system.
Please visit the links below in the Documentation section to find more details about the model and the data assimilation systems. The current operational GFS is run at 64 layers in the vertical extending from th
...

NOAA Global Surface Summary of Day

Managed by NOAA

Global Surface Summary of the Day is derived from The Integrated Surface Hourly (ISH) dataset. The ISH dataset includes global data obtained from the USAF Climatology Center, located in the Federal Climate Complex with NCDC. The latest daily summary data are normally available 1-2 days after the date-time of the observations used in the daily summaries. The online data files begin with 1929 and are at the time of this writing at the Version 8 software level. Over 9000 stations' data are typically available. The daily elements included in the dataset (as available from each station) are:
Mean temperature (.1 Fahrenheit)
Mean dew point (.1 Fahrenheit)
Mean sea level pressure (.1 mb)
Mean station pressure (.1 mb)
Mean visibility (.1 miles)
Mean wind speed (.1 knots)
Maximum sustained wind speed (.1 knots)
Maximum wind gust (.1 knots)
Maximum temperature (.1 Fahrenheit)
Minimum temperature (.1 Fahrenheit)
Precipitation amount (.01 inches)
Snow depth (.1 inches)
Indicator for occurrence of: Fog, Rain or Drizzle, Snow or Ice Pellets, Hail, Thunder, Tornado/Funnel Cloud.

G
...

NOAA High-Resolution Rapid Refresh (HRRR) Model

Managed by NOAA

The HRRR is a NOAA real-time 3-km resolution, hourly updated, cloud-resolving, convection-allowing atmospheric model, initialized by 3km grids with 3km radar assimilation. Radar data is assimilated in the HRRR every 15 min over a 1-h period adding further detail to that provided by the hourly data assimilation from the 13km radar-enhanced Rapid Refresh.

NOAA Integrated Surface Database (ISD)

Managed by NOAA

The Integrated Surface Database (ISD) consists of global hourly and synoptic observations compiled from numerous sources into a gzipped fixed width format. ISD was developed as a joint activity within Asheville's Federal Climate Complex. The database includes over 35,000 stations worldwide, with some having data as far back as 1901, though the data show a substantial increase in volume in the 1940s and again in the early 1970s. Currently, there are over 14,000 "active" stations updated daily in the database. The total uncompressed data volume is around 600 gigabytes; however, it ...

NOAA National Blend of Models (NBM)

Managed by NOAA

The National Blend of Models (NBM) is a nationally consistent and skillful suite of calibrated forecast guidance based on a blend of both NWS and non-NWS numerical weather prediction model data and post-processed model guidance. The goal of the NBM is to create a highly accurate, skillful and consistent starting point for the gridded forecast.

NOAA National Digital Forecast Database (NDFD)

Managed by NOAA

The National Digital Forecast Database (NDFD) is a suite of gridded forecasts of sensible weather elements (e.g., cloud cover, maximum temperature). Forecasts prepared by NWS field offices working in collaboration with the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) are combined in the NDFD to create a seamless mosaic of digital forecasts from which operational NWS products are generated. The most recent data is under the opnl and expr prefixes. A copy is also placed under the wmo prefix. The wmo prefix is structured like so: wmo/<parameter>/<year>/<month>/<day&g...

NOAA North American Mesoscale Forecast System (NAM)

Managed by NOAA

The North American Mesoscale Forecast System (NAM) is one of the National Centers For Environmental Prediction’s (NCEP) major models for producing weather forecasts. NAM generates multiple grids (or domains) of weather forecasts over the North American continent at various horizontal resolutions. Each grid contains data for dozens of weather parameters, including temperature, precipitation, lightning, and turbulent kinetic energy. NAM uses additional numerical weather models to generate high-resolution forecasts over fixed regions, and occasionally to follow significant weather events like hur...

NOAA Rapid Refresh (RAP)

Managed by NOAA

The Rapid Refresh (RAP) is a NOAA/NCEP operational weather prediction system comprised primarily of a numerical forecast model and analysis/assimilation system to initialize that model. It covers North America and is run with a horizontal resolution of 13 km and 50 vertical layers. The RAP was developed to serve users needing frequently updated short-range weather forecasts, including those in the US aviation community and US severe weather forecasting community. The model is run for every hour of the day; it is integrated to 51 hours for the 03/09/15/21 UTC cycles and to 21 hours for every ot...

NOAA Rapid Refresh Forecast System (RRFS) Ensemble [Prototype]

Managed by NOAA

The Rapid Refresh Forecast System (RRFS) is the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) next generation convection-allowing, rapidly-updated ensemble prediction system, currently scheduled for operational implementation in late 2023. The operational configuration will feature a 3 km grid covering North America and include forecasts every hour out to 18 hours, with extensions to 60 hours four times per day at 00, 06, 12, and 18 UTC. Each forecast is planned to be composed of 9-10 members. The RRFS will provide guidance to support forecast interests including, but not limited to, aviation, severe convective weather, renewable energy, heavy precipitation, and winter weather on timescales where rapidly-updated guidance is particularly useful.

The RRFS is underpinned by the Unified Forecast System (UFS), a community-based Earth modeling initiative, and benefits from collaborative development efforts across NOAA, academia, and research institutions.

The S3 Bucket will provide datasets from three of the 2021 NOAA Testbed Experiments. During each of these experiments, a prototype version of RRFS under development will be run. The following is a high-level overview of the date ranges of each of the Testbed Experiments along with a broad overview of the planned configuration(s). Links are provided in the Documentation section for the detailed finalized configurations.

2021 Hazardous Weather Testbed Spring Forecast Experiment, May 3 through June 4 9-member multi-physics ensemble with stochastic perturbations run once per day at 3 km grid spacing covering North America out to 60 hours. Initial conditions and lateral boundary conditions are taken from the GFS and GEFS. 2021 Hydrometeorological Testbed Annual Flash Flood and Intense Rainfall Experiment (FFaIR), June 21 through July 23, excluding the week of July 4 9-member multi-physics ensemble with stochastic perturbations run once per day at 3 km grid spacing covering North America out to 60 hours. Initial conditions and lateral boundary conditions are taken from the GFS and GEFS. 2021-2022 Hydrometeorological Testbed Winter Weather Experiment, mid November through mid-March Planned -- RRFS data assimilation system updating hourly at 3 km grid spacing covering North America. Details are still TBD.

For each cycle, the dataset is organized by cycle day, time of day, and member. For example, rrfs.20210504/00/mem01/ contains the forecast from ensemble member 1 initialized at 00 UTC on 04 May 2021. Users will find two types of output in GRIB2 format. The first is:

rrfs.t00z.mem01.naf024.grib2

Meaning that this is RRFS ensemble member 1 initialized at 00 UTC, covers the North American domain, and is the post-processed gridded data at hour 24. This output is on a rotated latitude-longitude domain at 3 km grid spacing. These are large files and users may wish to subset or re-project the grid after downloading. We recommend using the WGRIB2 application for such purposes.

The second output file in grib2 format is as follows:

rrfs.t00z.mem01.testbed.conusf020.grib2

These grids have been subset from the much larger North American domain to a CONUS domain on a Lambert Conic Conformal projection and also contain significantly fewer fields, resulting in smaller files. The project team produces these files to facilitate participation in various NOAA Testbed Experiments, such as the Hazardous Weather Testbed.

Graphics for select runs are also included in a plots/ directory under each experiment day for quick, yet simple visualization.

This work is supported by the Unified Forecast System Research to Operation (UFS R2O) Project which is jointly funded by NOAA’s Office of Science and Technology Integration (OSTI) of National Weather Service (NWS) and Weather Program Office (WPO), [Joint Technology Transfer Initiative (JTTI)] of the Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR).

DISCLAIMER T...

NOAA Severe Weather Data Inventory (SWDI)

Managed by NOAA

The Storm Events Database is an integrated database of severe weather events across the United States from 1950 to this year, with information about a storm event's location, azimuth, distance, impact, and severity, including the cost of damages to property and crops. It contains data documenting: The occurrence of storms and other significant weather phenomena having sufficient intensity to cause loss of life, injuries, significant property damage, and/or disruption to commerce. Rare, unusual, weather phenomena that generate media attention, such as snow flurries in South Florida or the S...

NOAA Unified Forecast System (UFS) Marine Reanalysis: 1979-2019

Managed by NOAA

The NOAA UFS Marine Reanalysis is a global sea ice ocean coupled reanalysis product produced by the marine data assimilation team of the UFS Research-to-Operation (R2O) project. Underlying forecast and data assimilation systems are based on the UFS model prototype version-6 and the Next Generation Global Ocean Data Assimilation System (NG-GODAS) release of the Joint Effort for Data assimilation Integration (JEDI) Sea Ice Ocean Coupled Assimilation (SOCA). Covering the 40 year reanalysis time period from 1979 to 2019, the data atmosphere option of the UFS coupled global atmosphere ocean sea ice (DATM-MOM6-CICE6) model was applied with two atmospheric forcing data sets: CFSR from 1979 to 1999 and GEFS from 2000 to 2019. Assimilated observation data sets include extensive space-based marine observations and conventional direct measurements of in situ profile data sets.

This first UFS-marine interim reanalysis product is released to the broader weather and earth system modeling and analysis communities to obtain scientific feedback and applications for the development of the next generation operational numerical weather prediction system at the National Weather Service(NWS). The released file sets include two parts 1.) 1979 - 2019 UFS-DATM-MOM6-CICE6 model free runs and 2) 1979-2019 reanalysis cycle outputs (see descriptions embedded in each file set). Analyzed sea ice and ocean variables are ocean temperature, salinity, sea surface height, and sea ice conce
...

NOAA Unified Forecast System Subseasonal to Seasonal Prototypes 5 & 6

Managed by NOAA

The Unified Forecast System Subseasonal to Seasonal prototype 5 (UFS S2Sp5) dataset is reforecast data from the UFS atmosphere-ocean coupled model experimental prototype version 5 produced by the Medium Range and Subseasonal to Seasonal Application team of the UFS-R2O project. The UFS S2Sp5 is the first dataset released to the broader weather community for analysis and feedback as part of the development of the next generation operational numerical weather prediction system from NWS. The dataset includes all the major weather variables for atmosphere, land, ocean, sea ice, and ocean waves.

A
...

SondeHub Radiosonde Telemetry

Managed by SondeHub

SondeHub Radiosonde telemetry contains global radiosonde (weather balloon) data captured by SondeHub from our participating radiosonde_auto_rx receiving stations. radiosonde_auto_rx is a open source project aimed at receiving and decoding telemetry from airborne radiosondes using software-defined-radio techniques, enabling study of the telemetry and sometimes recovery of the radiosonde itself. Currently 313 receiver stations are providing data for an average of 384 radiosondes a day. The data within this repository contains received telemetry frames, including radiosonde type, gps position, a...

UK Met Office Atmospheric Deterministic and Probabilistic Forecasts

Managed by UK Met Office

Meteorological data reusers now have an exciting opportunity to sample, experiment and evaluate Met Office atmospheric model data, whilst also experiencing a transformative method of requesting data via Restful APIs on AWS.For information about the data see the Met Office website. For examples of using the data check out the examples repository. If you need help and support using the data please raise an issue on the examples repository. Please note: Met Office continuously improves and updates its operational forecast models. Our last update became effective 04/12/2019. Please find the detail...

climate


CAFE60 reanalysis

Managed by CSIRO

The CSIRO Climate retrospective Analysis and Forecast Ensemble system: version 1 (CAFE60v1) provides a large ensemble retrospective analysis of the global climate system from 1960 to present with sufficiently many realizations and at spatio-temporal resolutions suitable to enable probabilistic climate studies. Using a variant of the ensemble Kalman filter, 96 climate state estimates are generated over the most recent six decades. These state estimates are constrained by monthly mean ocean, atmosphere and sea ice observations such that their trajectories track the observed state while enabling ...

CAM6 Data Assimilation Research Testbed (DART) Reanalysis: Cloud-Optimized Dataset

Managed by National Center for Atmospheric Research

This is a cloud-hosted subset of the CAM6+DART (Community Atmosphere Model version 6 Data Assimilation Research Testbed) Reanalysis dataset. These data products are designed to facilitate a broad variety of research using the NCAR CESM 2.1 (National Center for Atmospheric Research's Community Earth System Model version 2.1), including model evaluation, ensemble hindcasting, data assimilation experiments, and sensitivity studies. They come from an 80 member ensemble reanalysis of the global troposphere and stratosphere using DART and CAM6. The data products represent states of the atmospher...

CCAFS-Climate Data

High resolution climate data to help assess the impacts of climate change primarily on agriculture. These open access datasets of climate projections will help researchers make climate change impact assessments.

CMIP6 GCMs downscaled using WRF

Managed by UCLA Center for Climate Science

High-resolution historical and future climate simulations from 1980-2100

Community Earth System Model Large Ensemble (CESM LENS)

Managed by National Center for Atmospheric Research

The Community Earth System Model (CESM) Large Ensemble Numerical Simulation (LENS) dataset includes a 40-member ensemble of climate simulations for the period 1920-2100 using historical data (1920-2005) or assuming the RCP8.5 greenhouse gas concentration scenario (2006-2100), as well as longer control runs based on pre-industrial conditions. The data comprise both surface (2D) and volumetric (3D) variables in the atmosphere, ocean, land, and ice domains. The total data volume of the original dataset is ~500TB, which has traditionally been stored as ~150,000 individual CF/NetCDF files on disk o...

Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 6

Managed by ESGF and Pangeo

The sixth phase of global coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model ensemble.

This application is one of several possibilities to find CMIP6 data citations. Alternative tools to find CMIP6 data references are described in this blog post. General information on the Citation Service is available at: cmip6cite.wdc-climate.de.

Downscaled Climate Data for Alaska

Managed by Scenarios Network for Alaska + Arctic Planning at the International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska, Fairbanks

This dataset contains historical and projected dynamically downscaled climate data for the State of Alaska and surrounding regions at 20km spatial resolution and hourly temporal resolution. Select variables are also summarized into daily resolutions. This data was produced using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model (Version 3.5). We downscaled both ERA-Interim historical reanalysis data (1979-2015) and both historical and projected runs from 2 GCM’s from the Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project 5 (CMIP5): GFDL-CM3 and NCAR-CCSM4 (historical run: 1970-2005 and RCP 8.5: 2006-2100).

ECMWF ERA5 Reanalysis

ERA5 is the fifth generation of ECMWF atmospheric reanalyses of the global climate, and the first reanalysis produced as an operational service. It utilizes the best available observation data from satellites and in-situ stations, which are assimilated and processed using ECMWF's Integrated Forecast System (IFS) Cycle 41r2. The dataset provides all essential atmospheric meteorological parameters like, but not limited to, air temperature, pressure and wind at different altitudes, along with surface parameters like rainfall, soil moisture content and sea parameters like sea-surface temperatu...

High Resolution Downscaled Climate Data for Southeast Alaska

Managed by Scenarios Network for Alaska + Arctic Planning at the International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska, Fairbanks

This dataset contains historical and projected dynamically downscaled climate data for the Southeast region of the State of Alaska at 1 and 4km spatial resolution and hourly temporal resolution. Select variables are also summarized into daily resolutions. This data was produced using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model (Version 4.0). We downscaled both Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) historical reanalysis data (1980-2019) and both historical and projected runs from two GCM’s from the Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project 5 (CMIP5): GFDL-CM3 and NCAR-CCSM4 (historical ru...

NA-CORDEX - North American component of the Coordinated Regional Downscaling Experiment

Managed by National Center for Atmospheric Research

The NA-CORDEX dataset contains regional climate change scenario data and guidance for North America, for use in impacts, decision-making, and climate science. The NA-CORDEX data archive contains output from regional climate models (RCMs) run over a domain covering most of North America using boundary conditions from global climate model (GCM) simulations in the CMIP5 archive. These simulations run from 1950–2100 with a spatial resolution of 0.22°/25km or 0.44°/50km. This AWS S3 version of the data includes selected variables converted to Zarr format from the original NetCDF. Only daily data a...

NASA NEX

A collection of Earth science datasets maintained by NASA, including climate change projections and satellite images of the Earth's surface.

NOAA Atmospheric Climate Data Records

Managed by NOAA

NOAA's Climate Data Records (CDRs) are robust, sustainable, and scientifically sound climate records that provide trustworthy information on how, where, and to what extent the land, oceans, atmosphere and ice sheets are changing. These datasets are thoroughly vetted time series measurements with the longevity, consistency, and continuity to assess and measure climate variability and change. NOAA CDRs are vetted using standards established by the National Research Council (NRC).

Climate Data Records are created by merging data from surface, atmosphere, and space-based systems across decades. NOAA’s Climate Data Records provides authoritative and traceable long-term climate records. NOAA developed CDRs by applying modern data analysis methods to historical global satellite data. This process can clarify the underlying climate trends within the data and allows researchers and other users to identify economic and scientific value in these records. NCEI maintains and extends CDRs by applying the same methods to present-day and future satellite measurements.

Atmospheric Climate Data Records are measurements of several global variables to help characterize the atmosphere
...

NOAA Fundamental Climate Data Records (FCDR)

Managed by NOAA

NOAA's Climate Data Records (CDRs) are robust, sustainable, and scientifically sound climate records that provide trustworthy information on how, where, and to what extent the land, oceans, atmosphere and ice sheets are changing. These datasets are thoroughly vetted time series measurements with the longevity, consistency, and continuity to assess and measure climate variability and change. NOAA CDRs are vetted using standards established by the National Research Council (NRC).

Climate Data Records are created by merging data from surface, atmosphere, and space-based systems across decades. NOAA’s Climate Data Records provides authoritative and traceable long-term climate records. NOAA developed CDRs by applying modern data analysis methods to historical global satellite data. This process can clarify the underlying climate trends within the data and allows researchers and other users to identify economic and scientific value in these records. NCEI maintains and extends CDRs by applying the same methods to present-day and future satellite measurements.

Fundamental CDRs are composed of sensor data (e.g. calibrated radiances, brightness temperatures) that have been
...

NOAA Global Historical Climatology Network Daily (GHCN-D)

Managed by NOAA

Global Historical Climatology Network - Daily is a dataset from NOAA that contains daily observations over global land areas. It contains station-based measurements from land-based stations worldwide, about two thirds of which are for precipitation measurement only. Other meteorological elements include, but are not limited to, daily maximum and minimum temperature, temperature at the time of observation, snowfall and snow depth. It is a composite of climate records from numerous sources that were merged together and subjected to a common suite of quality assurance reviews. Some data are more...

NOAA Oceanic Climate Data Records

Managed by NOAA

NOAA's Climate Data Records (CDRs) are robust, sustainable, and scientifically sound climate records that provide trustworthy information on how, where, and to what extent the land, oceans, atmosphere and ice sheets are changing. These datasets are thoroughly vetted time series measurements with the longevity, consistency, and continuity to assess and measure climate variability and change. NOAA CDRs are vetted using standards established by the National Research Council (NRC).

Climate Data Records are created by merging data from surface, atmosphere, and space-based systems across decades. NOAA’s Climate Data Records provides authoritative and traceable long-term climate records. NOAA developed CDRs by applying modern data analysis methods to historical global satellite data. This process can clarify the underlying climate trends within the data and allows researchers and other users to identify economic and scientific value in these records. NCEI maintains and extends CDRs by applying the same methods to present-day and future satellite measurements.

Oceanic Climate Data Records are measurements of oceans and seas both surface and subsurface as well as frozen st
...

NOAA Terrestrial Climate Data Records

Managed by NOAA

NOAA's Climate Data Records (CDRs) are robust, sustainable, and scientifically sound climate records that provide trustworthy information on how, where, and to what extent the land, oceans, atmosphere and ice sheets are changing. These datasets are thoroughly vetted time series measurements with the longevity, consistency, and continuity to assess and measure climate variability and change. NOAA CDRs are vetted using standards established by the National Research Council (NRC).

Climate Data Records are created by merging data from surface, atmosphere, and space-based systems across decades. NOAA’s Climate Data Records provides authoritative and traceable long-term climate records. NOAA developed CDRs by applying modern data analysis methods to historical global satellite data. This process can clarify the underlying climate trends within the data and allows researchers and other users to identify economic and scientific value in these records. NCEI maintains and extends CDRs by applying the same methods to present-day and future satellite measurements.

Terrestrial CDRs are composed of sensor data that have been improved and quality controlled over time, together w
...

NOAA U.S. Climate Gridded Dataset (NClimGrid)

Managed by NOAA

The NOAA Monthly U.S. Climate Gridded Dataset (NClimGrid) consists of four climate variables derived from the GHCN-D dataset: maximum temperature, minimum temperature, average temperature and precipitation. Each file provides monthly values in a 5x5 lat/lon grid for the Continental United States. Data is available from 1895 to the present. On an annual basis, approximately one year of "final" nClimGrid will be submitted to replace the initially supplied "preliminary" data for the same time period. Users should be sure to ascertain which level of data is required for their r...

NOAA U.S. Climate Normals

Managed by NOAA

The U.S. Climate Normals are a large suite of data products that provide information about typical climate conditions for thousands of locations across the United States. Normals act both as a ruler to compare today’s weather and tomorrow’s forecast, and as a predictor of conditions in the near future. The official normals are calculated for a uniform 30 year period, and consist of annual/seasonal, monthly, daily, and hourly averages and statistics of temperature, precipitation, and other climatological variables from almost 15,000 U.S. weather stations.

NCEI generates the official U.S. norma
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SILO climate data on AWS

Managed by Queensland Government

SILO is a database of Australian climate data from 1889 to the present. It provides continuous, daily time-step data products in ready-to-use formats for research and operational applications. SIL...

water


First Street Foundation (FSF) Flood Risk Summary Statistics

Managed by First Street

CSV files of flood statistics for the 48 contiguous states at the congressional district, county, and zip code level. The CSV for each of these geographical extents includes statistics on the amount of properties at risk according to FEMA, the number of properties at risk according to First Street Foundation, and the difference between the two.

NOAA Global Hydro Estimator (GHE)

Managed by NOAA

Global Hydro-Estimator provides a global mosaic imagery of rainfall estimates from multi-geostationary satellites, which currently includes GOES-16, GOES-15, Meteosat-8, Meteosat-11 and Himawari-8. The GHE products include: Instantaneous rain rate, 1 hour, 3 hour, 6 hour, 24 hour and also multi-day rainfall accumulation.

NOAA National Water Model CONUS Retrospective Dataset

Managed by NOAA

The NOAA National Water Model Retrospective dataset contains input and output from multi-decade CONUS retrospective simulations. These simulations used meteorological input fields from meteorological retrospective datasets. The output frequency and fields available in this historical NWM dataset differ from those contained in the real-time operational NWM forecast model.

One application of this dataset is to provide historical context to current near real-time streamflow, soil moisture and snowpack conditions. The retrospective data can be used to infer flow frequencies and perform temporal analyses with hourly streamflow output and 3-hourly land surface output. This dataset can also be used in the development of end user applications which require a long baseline of data for system training or verification purposes.


Currently there are three versions of the NWM retrospective dataset

A 42-year (February 1979 through December 2020) retrospective simulation using version 2.1 of the National Water Model. A 26-year (January 1993 through December 2018) retrospective simulation using version 2.0 of the National Water Model. A 25-year (January 1993 through December 2017) retrospective simulation using version 1.2 of the National Water Model.

Version 2.1 uses forcings from the Office of Water Prediction Analysis of Record for Calibration (AORC) dataset while Version 2.0 and version 1.2 use input meteorological forcing from the North American Land Data Assimilation (NLDAS) data set. Note that no streamflow or other data assimilation is performed within any of the NWM retrospective simulations.

NWM Retrospective data is available in two formats, NetCDF and Zarr. The NetCDF files contain the full set of NWM output data, while the Zarr files contain a subset of NWM output fields that vary with model version.

NWM V2.1: All model output and forcing input fields are available in the NetCDF format. All model output fields along with the precipitation forcing field are available in the Zarr format. NWM V2.0: All model output fields are available in NetCDF format. Model channel output including streamflow and related fields are available in Zarr format. NWM V1.2: All model output fields are available in NetCDF format.

A table listing the data available within each NetCDF and Zarr file is located in the 'documentation page'. This data includes meteorologic...

NOAA National Water Model Short-Range Forecast

Managed by NOAA

The National Water Model (NWM) is a water resources model that simulates and forecasts water budget variables, including snowpack, evapotranspiration, soil moisture and streamflow, over the entire continental United States (CONUS). The model, launched in August 2016, is designed to improve the ability of NOAA to meet the needs of its stakeholders (forecasters, emergency managers, reservoir operators, first responders, recreationists, farmers, barge operators, and ecosystem and floodplain managers) by providing expanded accuracy, detail, and frequency of water information. It is operated by NOA...

RAPID NRT Flood Maps

Managed by University of Connecticut; Guangxi University

Near Real-time and archival data of High-resolution (10 m) flood inundation dataset over the Contiguous United States, developed based on the Sentinel-1 SAR imagery (2016-current) archive, using an automated Radar Produced Inundation Diary (RAPID) algorithm.

agriculture


Africa Soil Information Service (AfSIS) Soil Chemistry

Managed by QED

This dataset contains soil infrared spectral data and paired soil property reference measurements for georeferenced soil samples that were collected through the Africa Soil Information Service (AfSIS) project, which lasted from 2009 through 2018. In this release, we include data collected during Phase I (2009-2013.) Georeferenced samples were collected from 19 countries in Sub-Saharan African using a statistically sound sampling scheme, and their soil properties were analyzed using both conventional soil testing methods and spectral methods (infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy). The two ...

NAIP on AWS

Managed by Esri

The National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP) acquires aerial imagery during the agricultural growing seasons in the continental U.S. This "leaf-on" imagery andtypically ranges from 60 centimeters to 100 centimeters in resolution and is available from the naip-analytic Amazon S3 bucket as 4-band (RGB + NIR) imagery in MRF format, on naip-source Amazon S3 bucket as 4-band (RGB + NIR) in uncompressed Raw GeoTiff format and naip-visualization as 3-band (RGB) Cloud Optimized GeoTiff format. NAIP data is delivered at the state level; every year, a number of states receive updates, with ...

satellite imagery


CBERS on AWS

Managed by AMS Kepler

Imagery acquired by the China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS), 4 and 4A. The image files are recorded and processed by Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE) and are converted to Cloud Optimized Geotiff format in order to optimize its use for cloud based applications. Contains all CBERS-4 MUX, AWFI, PAN5M and PAN10M scenes acquired since the start of the satellite mission and is daily updated with new scenes. CBERS-4A MUX Level 4 (Orthorectified) scenes are being experimentally ingested starting from 04-13-2021.

Digital Earth Africa Landsat Collection 2 Level 2

Managed by Digital Earth Africa

Digital Earth Africa (DE Africa) provides free and open access to a copy of Landsat Collection 2 Level-2 products over Africa. These products are produced and provided by the United States Geological Survey (USGS). The Landsat series of Earth Observation satellites, jointly led by USGS and NASA, have been continuously acquiring images of the Earth’s land surface since 1972. DE Africa provides data from Landsat 5, 7 and 8 satellites, including historical observations dating back to late 1980s and regularly updated new acquisitions. New Level-2 Landsat 7 and Landsat 8 data are available after 15...

Digital Earth Africa Sentinel-1 Radiometrically Terrain Corrected

Managed by Digital Earth Africa

DE Africa’s Sentinel-1 backscatter product is developed to be compliant with the CEOS Analysis Ready Data for Land (CARD4L) specifications. The Sentinel-1 mission, composed of a constellation of two C-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) satellites, are operated by European Space Agency (ESA) as part of the Copernicus Programme. The mission currently collects data every 12 days over Africa at a spatial resolution of approximately 20 m. Radar backscatter measures the amount of microwave radiation reflected back to the sensor from the ground surface. This measurement is sensitive to surface rough...

Digital Earth Africa Sentinel-2 Level-2A

Managed by Digital Earth Africa

The Sentinel-2 mission is part of the European Union Copernicus programme for Earth observations. Sentinel-2 consists of twin satellites, Sentinel-2A (launched 23 June 2015) and Sentinel-2B (launched 7 March 2017). The two satellites have the same orbit, but 180° apart for optimal coverage and data delivery. Their combined data is used in the Digital Earth Africa Sentinel-2 product. Together, they cover all Earth’s land surfaces, large islands, inland and coastal waters every 3-5 days. Sentinel-2 data is tiered by level of pre-processing. Level-0, Level-1A and Level-1B data contain raw data fr...

ESA WorldCover

Managed by Sinergise on behalf of VITO

The European Space Agency (ESA) WorldCover is a global land cover map with 11 different land cover classes produced at 10m resolution based on combination of both Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 data. In areas where Sentinel-2 images are covered by clouds for an extended period of time, Sentinel-1 data then provides complimentary information on the structural characteristics of the observed land cover. Therefore, the combination of Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 data makes it possible to update the land cover map almost in real time. WorldCover Map has been produced for 2020 (01 January to 31 December) w...

ISERV

Managed by Radiant Earth Foundation

ISS SERVIR Environmental Research and Visualization System (ISERV) was a fully-automated prototype camera aboard the International Space Station that was tasked to capture high-resolution Earth imagery of specific locations at 3-7 frames per second. In the course of its regular operations during 2013 and 2014, ISERV's camera acquired images that can be used primaliry in use is environmental and disaster management.

JMA Himawari-8

Managed by NOAA

Himawari-8, stationed at 140E, owned and operated by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), is a geostationary meteorological satellite, with Himawari-9 as on-orbit back-up, that provides constant and uniform coverage of east Asia, and the west and central Pacific regions from around 35,800 km above the equator with an orbit corresponding to the period of the earth’s rotation. This allows JMA weather offices to perform uninterrupted observation of environmental phenomena such as typhoons, volcanoes, and general weather systems. For questions regarding Himawari-8 imagery specifications, visit ...

MODIS MYD13A1, MOD13A1, MYD11A1, MOD11A1, MCD43A4

Managed by Astraea

Data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), managed by the U.S. Geological Survey and NASA. Five products are included: MCD43A4 (MODIS/Terra and Aqua Nadir BRDF-Adjusted Reflectance Daily L3 Global 500 m SIN Grid), MOD11A1 (MODIS/Terra Land Surface Temperature/Emissivity Daily L3 Global 1 km SIN Grid), MYD11A1 (MODIS/Aqua Land Surface Temperature/Emissivity Daily L3 Global 1 km SIN Grid), MOD13A1 (MODIS/Terra Vegetation Indices 16-Day L3 Global 500 m SIN Grid), and MYD13A1 (MODIS/Aqua Vegetation Indices 16-Day L3 Global 500 m SIN Grid). MCD43A4 has global coverage, all...

NOAA Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) 16 & 17

Managed by NOAA

GOES satellites (GOES-16 & GOES-17) provide continuous weather imagery and monitoring of meteorological and space environment data across North America. GOES satellites provide the kind of continuous monitoring necessary for intensive data analysis. They hover continuously over one position on the surface. The satellites orbit high enough to allow for a full-disc view of the Earth. Because they stay above a fixed spot on the surface, they provide a constant vigil for the atmospheric "triggers" for severe weather conditions such as tornadoes, flash floods, hailstorms, and hurrican...

NOAA Global Mosaic of Geostationary Satellite Imagery (GMGSI)

Managed by NOAA

NOAA/NESDIS Global Mosaic of Geostationary Satellite Imagery (GMGSI) visible (VIS), shortwave infrared (SIR), longwave infrared (LIR) imagery, and water vaport imagery (WV) are composited from data from several geostationary satellites orbiting the globe, including the GOES-East and GOES-West Satellites operated by U.S. NOAA/NESDIS, the Meteosat-11 and Meteosat-8 satellites from theMeteosat Second Generation (MSG) series of satellites operated by European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT), and the Himawari-8 satellite operated by the Japan Meteorological...

Sentinel-1

Managed by Sinergise

Sentinel-1 is a pair of European radar imaging (SAR) satellites launched in 2014 and 2016. Its 6 days revisit cycle and ability to observe through clouds makes it perfect for sea and land monitoring, emergency response due to environmental disasters, and economic applications. GRD data is available globally since January 2017.

Sentinel-1 SLC dataset for South and Southeast Asia, Taiwan, Korea and Japan

Managed by Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University

The S1 Single Look Complex (SLC) dataset contains Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data in the C-Band wavelength. The SAR sensors are installed on a two-satellite (Sentinel-1A and Sentinel-1B) constellation orbiting the Earth with a combined revisit time of six days, operated by the European Space Agency. The S1 SLC data are a Level-1 product that collects radar amplitude and phase information in all-weather, day or night conditions, which is ideal for studying natural hazards and emergency response, land applications, oil spill monitoring, sea-ice conditions, and associated climate change effec...

Sentinel-2

Managed by Sinergise

The Sentinel-2 mission is a land monitoring constellation of two satellites that provide high resolution optical imagery and provide continuity for the current SPOT and Landsat missions. The mission provides a global coverage of the Earth's land surface every 5 days, making the data of great use in on-going studies. L1C data are available from June 2015 globally. L2A data are available from November 2016 over Europe region and globally since January 2017.

Sentinel-2 Cloud-Optimized GeoTIFFs

Managed by Element 84

The Sentinel-2 mission is a land monitoring constellation of two satellites that provide high resolution optical imagery and provide continuity for the current SPOT and Landsat missions. The mission provides a global coverage of the Earth's land surface every 5 days, making the data of great use in ongoing studies. This dataset is the same as the Sentinel-2 dataset, except the JP2K files were converted into Cloud-Optimized GeoTIFFs (COGs). Additionally, SpatioTemporal Asset Catalog metadata has were in a JSON file alongside the data, and a STAC API called Earth-search is freely available t...

Sentinel-2 L2A 120m Mosaic

Managed by Sinergise

Sentinel-2 L2A 120m mosaic is a derived product, which contains best pixel values for 10-daily periods, modelled by removing the cloudy pixels and then performing interpolation among remaining values. As there are some parts of the world, which have lengthy cloudy periods, clouds might be remaining in some parts. The actual modelling script is available here.

Sentinel-5P Level 2

Managed by Meteorological Enviromental Earth Observation

This data set consists of observations from the Sentinel-5 Precursor (Sentinel-5P) satellite of the European Commission’s Copernicus Earth Observation Programme. Sentinel-5P is a polar orbiting satellite that completes 14 orbits of the Earth a day. It carries the TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI) which is a spectrometer that senses ultraviolet (UV), visible (VIS), near (NIR) and short wave infrared (SWIR) to monitor ozone, methane, formaldehyde, aerosol, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide and sulphur dioxide in the atmosphere. The satellite was launched in October 2017 and entered ro...

Terra Fusion Data Sampler

Managed by University of Illinois

The Terra Basic Fusion dataset is a fused dataset of the original Level 1 radiances from the five Terra instruments. They have been fully validate to contain the original Terra instrument Level 1 data. Each Level 1 Terra Basic Fusion file contains one full Terra orbit of data and is typically 15 – 40 GB in size, depending on how much data was collected for that orbit. It contains instrument radiance in physical units; radiance quality indicator; geolocation for each IFOV at its native resolution; sun-view geometry; bservation time; and other attributes/metadata. It is stored in HDF5, conformed to CF conventions, and accessible by netCDF-4 enhanced models. It’s naming convention follows: TERRA_BF_L1B_OXXXX_YYYYMMDDHHMMSS_F000_V000.h5. A concise description of the dataset, along with links to complete documentation and available software tools, can be found on the Terra Fusion project page: https://terrafusion.web.illinois.edu.

Terra is the flagship satellite of NASA’s Earth Observing System (EOS). It was launched into orbit on December 18, 1999 and carries five instruments. These are the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR), the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), the Clouds and Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES), and the Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT).

The Terra Basic Fusion dataset is an easy-to-access record of the Level 1 radiances for instruments on...

USGS Landsat

Managed by United States Geological Survey

This joint NASA/USGS program provides the longest continuous space-based record of Earth’s land in existence. Every day, Landsat satellites provide essential information to help land managers and policy makers make wise decisions about our resources and our environment. Data is provided for Landsats 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, and 8.

elevation


Copernicus Digital Elevation Model (DEM)

Managed by Sinergise

The Copernicus DEM is a Digital Surface Model (DSM) which represents the surface of the Earth including buildings, infrastructure and vegetation. We provide two instances of Copernicus DEM named GLO-30 Public and GLO-90. GLO-90 provides worldwide coverage at 90 meters. GLO-30 Public provides limited worldwide coverage at 30 meters because a small subset of tiles covering specific countries are not yet released to the public by the Copernicus Programme. Note that in both cases ocean areas do not have tiles, there one can assume height values equal to zero. Data is provided as Cloud Optimized Ge...

NOAA Coastal Lidar Data

Managed by NOAA

Lidar (light detection and ranging) is a technology that can measure the 3-dimentional location of objects, including the solid earth surface. The data consists of a point cloud of the positions of solid objects that reflected a laser pulse, typically from an airborne platform. In addition to the position, each point may also be attributed by the type of object it reflected from, the intensity of the reflection, and other system dependent metadata. The NOAA Coastal Lidar Data is a collection of lidar projects from many different sources and agencies, geographically focused on the coastal areas...

Terrain Tiles

A global dataset providing bare-earth terrain heights, tiled for easy usage and provided on S3.

USGS 3DEP LiDAR Point Clouds

Managed by Hobu, Inc.

The goal of the USGS 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) is to collect elevation data in the form of light detection and ranging (LiDAR) data over the conterminous United States, Hawaii, and the U.S. territories, with data acquired over an 8-year period. This dataset provides two realizations of the 3DEP point cloud data. The first resource is a public access organization provided in Entwine Point Tiles format, which a lossless, full-density, streamable octree based on LASzip (LAZ) encoding. The second resource is a Requester Pays of the same data in LAZ (Compressed LAS) format. Resource names in bot...

air quality


EPA Risk-Screening Environmental Indicators

Detailed air model results from EPA’s Risk-Screening Environmental Indicators (RSEI) model.

GEOS-Chem Input Data

Input data for the GEOS-Chem Chemical Transport Model. Including the NASA/GMAO MERRA-2 and GEOS-FP meteorological products, the HEMCO emission inventories, and other small data such as model initial conditions.

OpenAQ

Managed by OpenAQ

Global, aggregated physical air quality data from public data sources provided by government, research-grade and other sources. These awesome groups do the hard work of measuring these data and publicly sharing them, and our community makes them more universally-accessible to both humans and machines.

Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) / Aura NO2 Tropospheric Column Density

Managed by NASA

NO2 tropospheric column density, screened for CloudFraction < 30% global daily composite at 0.25 degree resolution for the temporal range of 2004 to May 2020. Original archive data in HDF5 has been processed into a Cloud-Optimized GeoTiff (COG) format. Quality Assurance - This data has been validated by the NASA Science Team at Goddard Space Flight Center.Cautionary Note: https://airquality.gsfc.nasa.gov/caution-interpretation.

SILAM Air Quality

Managed by Finnish Meteorological Institute

Air Quality is a global SILAM atmospheric composition and air quality forecast performed on a daily basis for > 100 species and covering the troposphere and the stratosphere. The output produces 3D concentration fields and aerosol optical thickness. The data are unique: 20km resolution for global AQ models is unseen worldwide.

Safecast

Managed by Safecast

An ongoing collection of radiation and air quality measurements taken by devices involved in the Safecast project.

energy


ARPA-E PERFORM Forecast data

Managed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory

The ARPA-E PERFORM Program is an ARPA-E funded program that aim to use time-coincident power and load seeks to develop innovative management systems that represent the relative delivery risk of each asset and balance the collective risk of all assets across the grid. A risk-driven paradigm allows operators to: (i) fully understand the true likelihood of maintaining a supply-demand balance and system reliability, (ii) optimally manage the system, and (iii) assess the true value of essential reliability services. This paradigm shift is critical for all power systems and is essential for grids wi...

ComStock

Managed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory

The commercial building sector stock model, or ComStock, is a highly granular, bottom-up model that uses multiple data sources, statistical sampling methods, and advanced building energy simulations to estimate the annual sub-hourly energy consumption of the commercial building stock across the United States.

Department of Energy's Open Energy Data Initiative (OEDI)

Managed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Data released under the Department of Energy's Open Energy Data Initiative (DOE). The Open Energy Data Initiative (OEDI) aims to improve and automate access of high-value energy data sets across the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) programs, offices, and national laboratories. OEDI aims to make data actionable and discoverable by researchers and industry to accelerate analysis and advance innovation.

NREL National Solar Radiation Database

Managed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Released to the public as part of the Department of Energy's Open Energy Data Initiative, the National Solar Radiation Database (NSRDB) is a serially complete collection of hourly and half-hourly values of the three most common measurements of solar radiation – global horizontal, direct normal, and diffuse horizontal irradiance — and meteorological data. These data have been collected at a sufficient number of locations and temporal and spatial scales to accurately represent regional solar radiation climates.

NREL Wind Integration National Dataset

Managed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Released to the public as part of the Department of Energy's Open Energy Data Initiative, the Wind Integration National Dataset (WIND) is an update and expansion of the Eastern Wind Integration Data Set and Western Wind Integration Data Set. It supports the next generation of wind integration studies.

disaster response


High Resolution Population Density Maps + Demographic Estimates by CIESIN and Facebook

Managed by Facebook

Population data for a selection of countries, allocated to 1 arcsecond blocks and provided in a combination of CSV and Cloud-optimized GeoTIFF files. This refines CIESIN’s Gridded Population of the World using machine learning models on high-resolution worldwide Digital Globe satellite imagery. CIESIN population counts aggregated from worldwide census data are allocated to blocks where imagery appears to contain buildings.

Maxar Open Data Program

Managed by Maxar

Pre and post event high-resolution satellite imagery in support of emergency planning, risk assessment, monitoring of staging areas and emergency response, damage assessment, and recovery. Also incudes crowdsourced damage assessments for major, sudden onset disasters.

NOAA Emergency Response Imagery

Managed by NOAA

In order to support NOAA's homeland security and emergency response requirements, the National Geodetic Survey Remote Sensing Division (NGS/RSD) has the capability to acquire and rapidly disseminate a variety of spatially-referenced datasets to federal, state, and local government agencies, as well as the general public. Remote sensing technologies used for these projects have included lidar, high-resolution digital cameras, a film-based RC-30 aerial camera system, and hyperspectral imagers. Examples of rapid response initiatives include acquiring high resolution images with the Emerge/App...

OpenEEW

Managed by Grillo

Grillo has developed an IoT-based earthquake early-warning system, with sensors currently deployed in Mexico, Chile, Puerto Rico and Costa Rica, and is now opening its entire archive of unprocessed accelerometer data to the world to encourage the development of new algorithms capable of rapidly detecting and characterizing earthquakes in real time.

OpenStreetMap Linear Referencing

OSMLR a linear referencing system built on top of OpenStreetMap. OSM has great information about roads around the world and their interconnections, but it lacks the means to give a stable identifier to a stretch of roadway. OSMLR provides a stable set of numerical IDs for every 1 kilometer stretch of roadway around the world. In urban areas, OSMLR IDs are attached to each block of roadways between significant intersections.

OpenStreetMap on AWS

OSM is a free, editable map of the world, created and maintained by volunteers. Regular OSM data archives are made available in Amazon S3.

Southern California Earthquake Data

Managed by Southern California Earthquake Data Center

This dataset contains ground motion velocity and acceleration seismic waveforms recorded by the Southern California Seismic Network (SCSN) and archived at the Southern California Earthquake Data Center (SCEDC).

U.S. Census ACS PUMS

U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) available in a linked data format using the Resource Description Framework (RDF) data model.

oceans


Crowdsourced Bathymetry

Managed by NOAA

Community provided bathymetry data collected in collaboration with the International Hydrographic Organization.

Multi-Scale Ultra High Resolution (MUR) Sea Surface Temperature (SST)

Managed by Farallon Institute

A global, gap-free, gridded, daily 1 km Sea Surface Temperature (SST) dataset created by merging multiple Level-2 satellite SST datasets. Those input datasets include the NASA Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer-EOS (AMSR-E), the JAXA Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 (AMSR-2) on GCOM-W1, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometers (MODIS) on the NASA Aqua and Terra platforms, the US Navy microwave WindSat radiometer, the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) on several NOAA satellites, and in situ SST observations from the NOAA iQuam project. Data are available fro...

NOAA Global Extratropical Surge and Tide Operational Forecast System (Global ESTOFS)

Managed by NOAA

NOAA's Global Extratropical Surge and Tide Operational Forecast System (Global ESTOFS) provides users with nowcasts (analyses of near present conditions) and forecast guidance of water level conditions for the entire globe. Global ESTOFS has been developed to serve the marine navigation, weather forecasting, and disaster mitigation user communities. Global ESTOFS was developed in a collaborative effort between the NOAA/National Ocean Service (NOS)/Office of Coast Survey, the NOAA/National Weather Service (NWS)/National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Central Operations (NCO), the University of Notre Dame, the University of North Carolina, and The Water Institute of the Gulf. The model generates forecasts out to 180 hours four times per day; forecast output includes water levels caused by the combined effects of storm surge and tides, by astronomical tides alone, and by sub-tidal water levels (isolated storm surge).

The hydrodynamic model employed by Global ESTOFS is the ADvanced CIRCulation (ADCIRC) finite element model. The model is forced by GFS winds, mean sea level pressure, and sea ice. The unstructured grid used by Global ESTOFS consists of 8,452,486 nodes and 16,226,163 triangular elements. Coastal resolution is up to 80 m for Hawaii and the U.S. West Coast; up to 90-120 m for the Pacific Islands including Guam, American Samoa, Marianas, Wake Island, Marshall Islands, and Palau; and up to 120 m for the U.S. East Coast, Puerto Rico, Micronesia, and Alaska. The flood plain extends overland to approx...

NOAA National Bathymetric Source Data

Managed by NOAA

The National Bathymetric Source (NBS) project creates and maintains high-resolution bathymetry composed of the best available data. This project enables the creation of next-generation nautical charts while also providing support for modeling, industry, science, regulation, and public curiosity. Primary sources of bathymetry include NOAA and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers hydrographic surveys and topographic bathymetric (topo-bathy) lidar (light detection and ranging) data. Data submitted through the NOAA Office of Coast Survey’s external source data process are also included, with gaps in deep...

NOAA Operational Forecast System (OFS)

Managed by NOAA

The Operational Forecast System (OFS) has been developed to serve the maritime user community. OFS was developed in a joint project of the NOAA/National Ocean Service (NOS)/Office of Coast Survey, the NOAA/NOS/Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS), and the NOAA/National Weather Service (NWS)/National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Central Operations (NCO). OFS generates water level, water current, water temperature, water salinity (except for the Great Lakes) and nowcast and forecast guidance four times per day.

NOAA S-111 Surface Water Currents Data

Managed by NOAA

S-111 is a data and metadata encoding specification that is part of the S-100 Universal Hydrographic Data Model, an international standard for hydrographic data. This collection of data contains surface water currents forecast guidance from NOAA/NOS Operational Forecast Systems, a set of operational hydrodynamic nowcast and forecast modeling systems, for various U.S. coastal waters and the great lakes. The collection also contains surface current forecast guidance output from the NCEP Global Real-Time Ocean Forecast System (GRTOFS) for some offshore areas. These datasets are encoded as HDF-5 f...

NOAA Water-Column Sonar Data Archive

Managed by NOAA

Water-column sonar data archived at the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information.

NOAA World Ocean Database (WOD)

Managed by NOAA

The World Ocean Database (WOD) is the largest uniformly formatted, quality-controlled, publicly available historical subsurface ocean profile database. From Captain Cook's second voyage in 1772 to today's automated Argo floats, global aggregation of ocean variable information including temperature, salinity, oxygen, nutrients, and others vs. depth allow for study and understanding of the changing physical, chemical, and to some extent biological state of the World's Oceans. Browse the bucket via the AWS S3 explorer: https://noaa-wod-pds.s3.amazonaws.com/index.html

NOAA/PMEL Ocean Climate Stations Moorings

Managed by NOAA

The mission of the Ocean Climate Stations (OCS) Project is to make meteorological and oceanic measurements from autonomous platforms. Calibrated, quality-controlled, and well-documented climatological measurements are available on the OCS webpage and the OceanSITES Global Data Assembly Centers (GDACs), with near-realtime data available prior to release of the complete, downloaded datasets.

OCS measurements served through the Big Data Program come from OCS high-latitude moored buoys located in the Kuroshio Extension (32°N 145°E) and the Gulf of Alaska (50°N 145°W). Initiated in 2004 and 20
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