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This registry exists to help people discover and share datasets that are available via AWS resources. See recent additions and learn more about sharing data on AWS.

See all usage examples for datasets listed in this registry tagged with earth observation.


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Sentinel-2

agriculturedisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsustainability

The Sentinel-2 mission is a land monitoring constellation of two satellites that provide high resolution optical imagery and provide continuity for the current SPOT and Landsat missions. The mission provides a global coverage of the Earth's land surface every 5 days, making the data of great use in on-going studies. L1C data are available from June 2015 globally. L2A data are available from November 2016 over Europe region and globally since January 2017.

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USGS Landsat

agriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsustainability

This joint NASA/USGS program provides the longest continuous space-based record of Earth’s land in existence. Every day, Landsat satellites provide essential information to help land managers and policy makers make wise decisions about our resources and our environment. Data is provided for Landsats 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, and 8.

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NASA Prediction of Worldwide Energy Resources (POWER)

agricultureair qualityanalyticsarchivesatmosphereclimateclimate modeldata assimilationdeep learningearth observationenergyenvironmentalforecastgeosciencegeospatialglobalhistoryimagingindustrymachine learningmachine translationmetadatameteorologicalmodelnetcdfopendapradiationsatellite imagerysolarstatisticssustainabilitytime series forecastingwaterweatherzarr

NASA's goal in Earth science is to observe, understand, and model the Earth system to discover how it is changing, to better predict change, and to understand the consequences for life on Earth. The Applied Sciences Program serves NASA and Society by expanding and accelerating the realization of societal and economic benefits from Earth science, information, and technology research and development.

The NASA Prediction Of Worldwide Energy Resources (POWER) Project, a NASA Applied Sciences program, improves the accessibility and usage NASA Earth Observations (EO) supporting community research in three focus areas: 1) renewable energy development, 2) building energy efficiency, and 3) agroclimatology applications. POWER can help communities be resilient amid observed climate variability through the easy access of solar and meteorological data via a verity of access methods.

The latest POWER version includes hourly-based source Analysis Ready Data (ARD), in addition to enhanced daily, monthly, annual, and climatology ARD. The daily time-series spans 40 years for meteorology available from 1981 and solar-based parameters start in 1984. The hourly source data are from Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) and Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO), spanning 20 years from 2001. The hourly data will provide users the ARD needed to model the energy performance of building systems, providing information directly amenable to decision support tools introducing the industry standard EPW (EnergyPlus Weather file).

POWER also provides parameters at daily, monthly, annual, and user-defined time periods, spanning from 1984 through to within a week of real time. Additionally, POWER provides are user-defined analytic capabilities, including custom climatologies and climatological-based reports for parameter anomalies, ASHRAE® compatible climate design condition statistics, and building climate zones.

The ARD and climate analytics will be readily accessible through POWER's integrated services suite, including the Data Access Viewer (DAV). The DAV has recently been improved to incorporate updated parameter groupings, new analytical capabilities, and the new data formats. POWER also provides a complete API (Application Programming Interface) that allows uses...

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NOAA Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) 16, 17 & 18

agriculturedisaster responseearth observationgeospatialmeteorologicalsatellite imagerysustainabilityweather

NEW GOES-18 Data!!! GOES-18 is now provisional and data has began streaming. Data files will be available between Provisional and the Operational Declaration of the satellite, however, data will have the caveat GOES-18 Preliminary, Non-Operational Data. The exception is during the interleave period when ABI Radiances and Cloud and Moisture Imagery data will be shared operationally via the NOAA Open Data Dissemination Program.

GOES satellites (GOES-16, GOES-17, & GOES-18) provide continuous weather imagery and monitoring of meteorological and space environment data across North America.
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NEXRAD on AWS

agricultureearth observationmeteorologicalnatural resourcesustainabilityweather

Real-time and archival data from the Next Generation Weather Radar (NEXRAD) network.

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Sentinel-2 Cloud-Optimized GeoTIFFs

agriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsustainability

The Sentinel-2 mission is a land monitoring constellation of two satellites that provide high resolution optical imagery and provide continuity for the current SPOT and Landsat missions. The mission provides a global coverage of the Earth's land surface every 5 days, making the data of great use in ongoing studies. This dataset is the same as the Sentinel-2 dataset, except the JP2K files were converted into Cloud-Optimized GeoTIFFs (COGs). Additionally, SpatioTemporal Asset Catalog metadata has were in a JSON file alongside the data, and a STAC API called Earth-search is freely available t...

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Terrain Tiles

agriculturedisaster responseearth observationelevationgeospatialsustainability

A global dataset providing bare-earth terrain heights, tiled for easy usage and provided on S3.

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ESA WorldCover

agriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationgeospatialland coverland usemachine learningmappingnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsustainabilitysynthetic aperture radar

The European Space Agency (ESA) WorldCover product provides global land cover maps for 2020 & 2021 at 10 m resolution based on Copernicus Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 data. The WorldCover product comes with 11 land cover classes and has been generated in the framework of the ESA WorldCover project, part of the 5th Earth Observation Envelope Programme (EOEP-5) of the European Space Agency. A first version of the product (v100), containing the 2020 map was released in October 2021. The 2021 map was released in October 2022 using an improved algorithm (v200). The WorldCover 2020 and 2021 maps we...

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SpaceNet

computer visiondisaster responseearth observationgeospatialmachine learningsatellite imagery

SpaceNet, launched in August 2016 as an open innovation project offering a repository of freely available imagery with co-registered map features. Before SpaceNet, computer vision researchers had minimal options to obtain free, precision-labeled, and high-resolution satellite imagery. Today, SpaceNet hosts datasets developed by its own team, along with data sets from projects like IARPA’s Functional Map of the World (fMoW).

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Digital Earth Africa Global Mangrove Watch

coastalcogdeafricaearth observationgeospatialland covernatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsustainability

The Global Mangrove Watch (GMW) dataset is a result of the collaboration between Aberystwyth University (U.K.), solo Earth Observation (soloEO; Japan), Wetlands International the World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). The primary objective of producing this dataset is to provide countries lacking a national mangrove monitoring system with first cut mangrove extent and change maps, to help safeguard against further mangrove forest loss and degradation. The Global Mangrove Watch dataset (version 2) consists of a global baseline map of ...

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Digital Earth Africa Landsat Collection 2 Level 2

agriculturecogdeafricadisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsustainability

Digital Earth Africa (DE Africa) provides free and open access to a copy of Landsat Collection 2 Level-2 products over Africa. These products are produced and provided by the United States Geological Survey (USGS). The Landsat series of Earth Observation satellites, jointly led by USGS and NASA, have been continuously acquiring images of the Earth’s land surface since 1972. DE Africa provides data from Landsat 5, 7 and 8 satellites, including historical observations dating back to late 1980s and regularly updated new acquisitions. New Level-2 Landsat 7 and Landsat 8 data are available after 15...

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Digital Earth Africa CHIRPS Rainfall

agricultureclimatecogdeafricaearth observationfood securitygeospatialmeteorologicalsatellite imagerystacsustainability

Digital Earth Africa (DE Africa) provides free and open access to a copy of the Climate Hazards Group InfraRed Precipitation with Station data (CHIRPS) monthly and daily products over Africa. The CHIRPS rainfall maps are produced and provided by the Climate Hazards Center in collaboration with the US Geological Survey, and use both rain gauge and satellite observations. The CHIRPS-2.0 Africa Monthly dataset is regularly indexed to DE Africa from the CHIRPS monthly data. The CHIRPS-2.0 Africa Daily dataset is likewise indexed from the CHIRPS daily data. Both products have been converted to clou...

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Digital Earth Africa Coastlines

climatecoastaldeafricaearth observationgeospatialsatellite imagerysustainability

Africa's long and dynamic coastline is subject to a wide range of pressures, including extreme weather and climate, sea level rise and human development. Understanding how the coastline responds to these pressures is crucial to managing this region, from social, environmental and economic perspectives. The Digital Earth Africa Coastlines (provisional) is a continental dataset that includes annual shorelines and rates of coastal change along the entire African coastline from 2000 to the present. The product combines satellite data from the Digital Earth Africa program with tidal modelling t...

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Digital Earth Africa GeoMAD

agriculturecogdeafricadisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsustainability

GeoMAD is the Digital Earth Africa (DE Africa) surface reflectance geomedian and triple Median Absolute Deviation data service. It is a cloud-free composite of satellite data compiled over specific timeframes. The geomedian component combines measurements collected over the specified timeframe to produce one representative, multispectral measurement for every pixel unit of the African continent. The end result is a comprehensive dataset that can be used to generate true-colour images for visual inspection of anthropogenic or natural landmarks. The full spectral dataset can be used to develop m...

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Digital Earth Africa Water Observations from Space

agriculturecogdeafricadisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsustainabilitywater

Water Observations from Space (WOfS) is a service that draws on satellite imagery to provide historical surface water observations of the whole African continent. WOfS allows users to understand the location and movement of inland and coastal water present in the African landscape. It shows where water is usually present; where it is seldom observed; and where inundation of the surface has been observed by satellite. They are generated using the WOfS classification algorithm on Landsat satellite data. There are several WOfS products available for the African continent including scene-level dat...

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CBERS on AWS

agriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationgeospatialimagingsatellite imagerystacsustainability

Imagery acquired by the China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS), 4 and 4A. The image files are recorded and processed by Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE) and are converted to Cloud Optimized Geotiff format in order to optimize its use for cloud based applications. Contains all CBERS-4 MUX, AWFI, PAN5M and PAN10M scenes acquired since the start of the satellite mission and is daily updated with new scenes. CBERS-4 PAN5M and PAN10M starting from 05-2022 are temporarily not ingested due to an error in the bands identification on INPE's catalog. CBERS-4A MUX Level 4 (Ort...

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Digital Earth Africa Sentinel-1 Radiometrically Terrain Corrected

agriculturecogdeafricadisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsustainabilitysynthetic aperture radar

DE Africa’s Sentinel-1 backscatter product is developed to be compliant with the CEOS Analysis Ready Data for Land (CARD4L) specifications. The Sentinel-1 mission, composed of a constellation of two C-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) satellites, are operated by European Space Agency (ESA) as part of the Copernicus Programme. The mission currently collects data every 12 days over Africa at a spatial resolution of approximately 20 m. Radar backscatter measures the amount of microwave radiation reflected back to the sensor from the ground surface. This measurement is sensitive to surface rough...

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Digital Earth Africa Sentinel-2 Level-2A

agriculturecogdeafricadisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsustainability

The Sentinel-2 mission is part of the European Union Copernicus programme for Earth observations. Sentinel-2 consists of twin satellites, Sentinel-2A (launched 23 June 2015) and Sentinel-2B (launched 7 March 2017). The two satellites have the same orbit, but 180° apart for optimal coverage and data delivery. Their combined data is used in the Digital Earth Africa Sentinel-2 product. Together, they cover all Earth’s land surfaces, large islands, inland and coastal waters every 3-5 days. Sentinel-2 data is tiered by level of pre-processing. Level-0, Level-1A and Level-1B data contain raw data fr...

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Multi-Scale Ultra High Resolution (MUR) Sea Surface Temperature (SST)

climateearth observationenvironmentalnatural resourceoceanssatellite imagerysustainabilitywaterweather

A global, gap-free, gridded, daily 1 km Sea Surface Temperature (SST) dataset created by merging multiple Level-2 satellite SST datasets. Those input datasets include the NASA Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer-EOS (AMSR-E), the JAXA Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 (AMSR-2) on GCOM-W1, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometers (MODIS) on the NASA Aqua and Terra platforms, the US Navy microwave WindSat radiometer, the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) on several NOAA satellites, and in situ SST observations from the NOAA iQuam project. Data are available fro...

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RADARSAT-1

agriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationgeospatialglobalicesatellite imagerysustainabilitysynthetic aperture radar

Developed and operated by the Canadian Space Agency, it is Canada's first commercial Earth observation satellite.

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Digital Earth Africa ALOS PALSAR, ALOS-2 PALSAR-2 and JERS-1

agriculturecogdeafricadisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsustainabilitysynthetic aperture radar

The ALOS/PALSAR annual mosaic is a global 25 m resolution dataset that combines data from many images captured by JAXA’s PALSAR and PALSAR-2 sensors on ALOS-1 and ALOS-2 satellites respectively. This product contains radar measurement in L-band and in HH and HV polarizations. It has a spatial resolution of 25 m and is available annually for 2007 to 2010 (ALOS/PALSAR) and 2015 to 2020 (ALOS-2/PALSAR-2). The JERS annual mosaic is generated from images acquired by the SAR sensor on the Japanese Earth Resources Satellite-1 (JERS-1) satellite. This product contains radar measurement in L-band and H...

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Digital Earth Africa Cropland Extent Map (2019)

agriculturecogdeafricaearth observationfood securitygeospatialsatellite imagerystacsustainability

Digital Earth Africa's cropland extent map (2019) shows the estimated location of croplands in Africa for the period January to December 2019. Cropland is defined as: "a piece of land of minimum 0.01 ha (a single 10m x 10m pixel) that is sowed/planted and harvest-able at least once within the 12 months after the sowing/planting date." This definition will exclude non-planted grazing lands and perennial crops which can be difficult for satellite imagery to differentiate from natural vegetation. This provisional cropland extent map has a resolution of 10m, and was built using Cope...

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Digital Earth Africa Fractional Cover

agriculturecogdeafricadisaster responseearth observationgeospatialnatural resourcesatellite imagerystacsustainability

Fractional cover (FC) describes the landscape in terms of coverage by green vegetation, non-green vegetation (including deciduous trees during autumn, dry grass, etc.) and bare soil. It provides insight into how areas of dry vegetation and/or bare soil and green vegetation are changing over time. The product is derived from Landsat satellite data, using an algorithm developed by the Joint Remote Sensing Research Program. Digital Earth Africa's FC service has two components. Fractional Cover is estimated from each Landsat scene, providing measurements from individual days. Fractional Cover...

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DOE's Water Power Technology Office's (WPTO) US Wave dataset

earth observationenergygeospatialmeteorologicalsustainabilitywater

Released to the public as part of the Department of Energy's Open Energy Data Initiative, this is the highest resolution publicly available long-term wave hindcast dataset that – when complete – will cover the entire U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).

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NOAA Water-Column Sonar Data Archive

biodiversityearth observationecosystemsenvironmentalgeospatialmappingoceanssustainability

Water-column sonar data archived at the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information.

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Radiant MLHub

cogearth observationenvironmentalgeospatiallabeledmachine learningsatellite imagerystacsustainability

Radiant MLHub is an open library for geospatial training data that hosts datasets generated by Radiant Earth Foundation's team as well as other training data catalogs contributed by Radiant Earth’s partners. Radiant MLHub is open to anyone to access, store, register and/or share their training datasets for high-quality Earth observations. All of the training datasets are stored using a SpatioTemporal Asset Catalog (STAC) compliant catalog and exposed through a common API. Training datasets include pairs of imagery and labels for different types of machine learning problems including image ...

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Southern California Earthquake Data

earth observationearthquakesseismologysustainability

This dataset contains ground motion velocity and acceleration seismic waveforms recorded by the Southern California Seismic Network (SCSN) and archived at the Southern California Earthquake Data Center (SCEDC). A Distributed Acousting Sensing (DAS) dataset is included.

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World Bank - Light Every Night

cogdisaster responseearth observationsatellite imagerystac

Light Every Night - World Bank Nighttime Light Data – provides open access to all nightly imagery and data from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite Day-Night Band (VIIRS DNB) from 2012-2020 and the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program Operational Linescan System (DMSP-OLS) from 1992-2013. The underlying data are sourced from the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) archive. Additional processing by the University of Michigan enables access in Cloud Optimized GeoTIFF format (COG) and search using the Spatial Temporal Asset Catalog (STAC) standard. The data is...

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Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 6

agricultureatmosphereclimateearth observationenvironmentalmodeloceanssimulationsweather

The sixth phase of global coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model ensemble.

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Earth Observation Data Cubes for Brazil

cogearth observationgeosciencegeospatialimage processingopen source softwaresatellite imagerystac

Earth observation (EO) data cubes produced from analysis-ready data (ARD) of CBERS-4, Sentinel-2 A/B and Landsat-8 satellite images for Brazil. The datacubes are regular in time and use a hierarchical tiling system. Further details are described in Ferreira et al. (2020).

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ArcticDEM

cogearth observationelevationgeospatialmappingopen source softwaresatellite imagerystac

ArcticDEM - 2m GSD Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) and mosaics from 2007 to the present. The ArticDEM project seeks to fill the need for high-resolution time-series elevation data in the Arctic. The time-dependent nature of the strip DEM files allows users to perform change detection analysis and to compare observations of topography data acquired in different seasons or years. The mosaic DEM tiles are assembled from multiple strip DEMs with the intention of providing a more consistent and comprehensive product over large areas. ArcticDEM data is constructed from in-track and cross-track high-...

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Capella Space Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Open Dataset

cogcomputer visionearth observationgeospatialimage processingsatellite imagerystacsynthetic aperture radar

Open Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data from Capella Space. Capella Space is an information services company that provides on-demand, industry-leading, high-resolution synthetic aperture radar (SAR) Earth observation imagery. Through a constellation of small satellites, Capella provides easy access to frequent, timely, and flexible information affecting dozens of industries worldwide. Capella's high-resolution SAR satellites are matched with unparalleled infrastructure to deliver reliable global insights that sharpen our understanding of the changing world – improving decisions ...

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Low Altitude Disaster Imagery (LADI) Dataset

aerial imagerycoastalcomputer visiondisaster responseearth observationearthquakesgeospatialimage processingimaginginfrastructurelandmachine learningmappingnatural resourceseismologytransportationurbanwater

The Low Altitude Disaster Imagery (LADI) Dataset consists of human and machine annotated airborne images collected by the Civil Air Patrol in support of various disaster responses from 2015-2019. The initial release of LADI focuses on the Atlantic hurricane seasons and coastal states along the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. Annotations are included for major hurricanes of Harvey, Maria, and Florence. Two key distinctions are the low altitude, oblique perspective of the imagery and disaster-related features, which are rarely featured in computer vision benchmarks and datasets.

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OpenEEW

disaster responseearth observationearthquakessustainability

Grillo has developed an IoT-based earthquake early-warning system, with sensors currently deployed in Mexico, Chile, Puerto Rico and Costa Rica, and is now opening its entire archive of unprocessed accelerometer data to the world to encourage the development of new algorithms capable of rapidly detecting and characterizing earthquakes in real time.

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Reference Elevation Model of Antarctica (REMA)

cogearth observationelevationgeospatialmappingopen source softwaresatellite imagerystac

The Reference Elevation Model of Antarctica - 2m GSD Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) and mosaics from 2009 to the present. The REMA project seeks to fill the need for high-resolution time-series elevation data in the Antarctic. The time-dependent nature of the strip DEM files allows users to perform change detection analysis and to compare observations of topography data acquired in different seasons or years. The mosaic DEM tiles are assembled from multiple strip DEMs with the intention of providing a more consistent and comprehensive product over large areas. REMA data is constructed from in...

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ECMWF ERA5 Reanalysis

agricultureclimateearth observationmeteorologicalsustainabilityweather

ERA5 is the fifth generation of ECMWF atmospheric reanalyses of the global climate, and the first reanalysis produced as an operational service. It utilizes the best available observation data from satellites and in-situ stations, which are assimilated and processed using ECMWF's Integrated Forecast System (IFS) Cycle 41r2. The dataset provides all essential atmospheric meteorological parameters like, but not limited to, air temperature, pressure and wind at different altitudes, along with surface parameters like rainfall, soil moisture content and sea parameters like sea-surface temperatu...

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Global Seasonal Sentinel-1 Interferometric Coherence and Backscatter Data Set

agriculturecogearth observationearthquakesecosystemsenvironmentalgeologygeophysicsgeospatialglobalinfrastructuremappingnatural resourcesatellite imagerysynthetic aperture radarurban

This data set is the first-of-its-kind spatial representation of multi-seasonal, global SAR repeat-pass interferometric coherence and backscatter signatures. Global coverage comprises all land masses and ice sheets from 82 degrees northern to 79 degrees southern latitude. The data set is derived from high-resolution multi-temporal repeat-pass interferometric processing of about 205,000 Sentinel-1 Single-Look-Complex data acquired in Interferometric Wide-Swath mode (Sentinel-1 IW mode) from 1-Dec-2019 to 30-Nov-2020. The data set was developed by Earth Big Data LLC and Gamma Remote Sensing AG, under contract for NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. ...

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JMA Himawari-8/9

agriculturedisaster responseearth observationgeospatialmeteorologicalsatellite imagerysustainabilityweather

Himawari-8, stationed at 140E, owned and operated by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), is a geostationary meteorological satellite, with Himawari-9 as on-orbit back-up, that provides constant and uniform coverage of east Asia, and the west and central Pacific regions from around 35,800 km above the equator with an orbit corresponding to the period of the earth’s rotation. This allows JMA weather offices to perform uninterrupted observation of environmental phenomena such as typhoons, volcanoes, and general weather systems. Archive data back to July 2015 is available for Full Disk (AHI-L1...

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NASA NEX

climateearth observationnatural resourcesatellite imagerysustainability

A collection of Earth science datasets maintained by NASA, including climate change projections and satellite images of the Earth's surface.

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Normalized Difference Urban Index (NDUI)

earth observationgeospatialsatellite imagerysustainabilityurban

NDUI is combined with cloud shadow-free Landsat Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) composite and DMSP/OLS Night Time Light (NTL) to characterize global urban areas at a 30 m resolution,and it can greatly enhance urban areas, which can then be easily distinguished from bare lands including fallows and deserts. With the capability to delineate urban boundaries and, at the same time, to present sufficient spatial details within urban areas, the NDUI has the potential for urbanization studies at regional and global scales.

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Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) / Aura NO2 Tropospheric Column Density

air qualityatmosphereearth observationenvironmentalgeospatialsatellite imagerysustainability

NO2 tropospheric column density, screened for CloudFraction < 30% global daily composite at 0.25 degree resolution for the temporal range of 2004 to May 2020. Original archive data in HDF5 has been processed into a Cloud-Optimized GeoTiff (COG) format. Quality Assurance - This data has been validated by the NASA Science Team at Goddard Space Flight Center.Cautionary Note: https://airquality.gsfc.nasa.gov/caution-interpretation.

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RarePlanes

computer visiondeep learningearth observationgeospatiallabeledmachine learningsatellite imagery

RarePlanes is a unique open-source machine learning dataset from CosmiQ Works and AI.Reverie that incorporates both real and synthetically generated satellite imagery. The RarePlanes dataset specifically focuses on the value of AI.Reverie synthetic data to aid computer vision algorithms in their ability to automatically detect aircraft and their attributes in satellite imagery. Although other synthetic/real combination datasets exist, RarePlanes is the largest openly-available very high resolution dataset built to test the value of synthetic data from an overhead perspective. The real portion ...

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Earth Radio Occultation

atmosphereclimateearth observationglobalsignal processingweather

This is an updating archive of radio occultation data using the transmitters of the Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) as generated and processed at the COSMIC DAAC, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory of Caltech, and the Radio Occultation Meteorology Satellite Application Facility (ROM SAF).

This dataset is funded by the NASA Earth Science Data Systems and the Advancing Collaborative Connections for Earth System Science (ACCESS) 2019 program.

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Maxar Open Data Program

cogdisaster responseearth observationgeospatialsatellite imagerystacsustainability

Pre and post event high-resolution satellite imagery in support of emergency planning, risk assessment, monitoring of staging areas and emergency response, damage assessment, and recovery. These images are generated using the Maxar ARD pipeline, tiled on an organized grid in analysis-ready cloud-optimized formats.

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NAIP on AWS

aerial imageryagriculturecogearth observationgeospatialnatural resourceregulatorysustainability

The National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP) acquires aerial imagery during the agricultural growing seasons in the continental U.S. This "leaf-on" imagery andtypically ranges from 60 centimeters to 100 centimeters in resolution and is available from the naip-analytic Amazon S3 bucket as 4-band (RGB + NIR) imagery in MRF format, on naip-source Amazon S3 bucket as 4-band (RGB + NIR) in uncompressed Raw GeoTiff format and naip-visualization as 3-band (RGB) Cloud Optimized GeoTiff format. NAIP data is delivered at the state level; every year, a number of states receive updates, with ...

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NREL National Solar Radiation Database

earth observationenergygeospatialmeteorologicalsolarsustainability

Released to the public as part of the Department of Energy's Open Energy Data Initiative, the National Solar Radiation Database (NSRDB) is a serially complete collection of hourly and half-hourly values of the three most common measurements of solar radiation – global horizontal, direct normal, and diffuse horizontal irradiance — and meteorological data. These data have been collected at a sufficient number of locations and temporal and spatial scales to accurately represent regional solar radiation climates.

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SILO climate data on AWS

agricultureclimateearth observationenvironmentalmeteorologicalmodelsustainabilitywaterweather

SILO is a database of Australian climate data from 1889 to the present. It provides continuous, daily time-step data products in ready-to-use formats for research and operational applications. SIL...

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Sea Surface Temperature Daily Analysis: European Space Agency Climate Change Initiative product version 2.1

climateearth observationenvironmentalgeospatialglobaloceans

Global daily-mean sea surface temperatures, presented on a 0.05° latitude-longitude grid, with gaps between available daily observations filled by statistical means, spanning late 1981 to recent time. Suitable for large-scale oceanographic meteorological and climatological applications, such as evaluating or constraining environmental models or case-studies of marine heat wave events. Includes temperature uncertainty information and auxiliary information about land-sea fraction and sea-ice coverage. For reference and citation see: www.nature.com/articles/s41597-019-0236-x.

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Sentinel-1

agriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationgeospatialsatellite imagerysustainabilitysynthetic aperture radar

Sentinel-1 is a pair of European radar imaging (SAR) satellites launched in 2014 and 2016. Its 6 days revisit cycle and ability to observe through clouds makes it perfect for sea and land monitoring, emergency response due to environmental disasters, and economic applications. This dataset represents the global Sentinel-1 GRD archive, from beginning to the present, converted to cloud-optimized GeoTIFF format.

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Sentinel-2 L2A 120m Mosaic

agriculturecogearth observationgeospatialmachine learningnatural resourcesatellite imagerysustainability

Sentinel-2 L2A 120m mosaic is a derived product, which contains best pixel values for 10-daily periods, modelled by removing the cloudy pixels and then performing interpolation among remaining values. As there are some parts of the world, which have lengthy cloudy periods, clouds might be remaining in some parts. The actual modelling script is available here.

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Sentinel-3

cogearth observationenvironmentalgeospatiallandoceanssatellite imagerystacsustainability

This data set consists of observations from the Sentinel-3 satellite of the European Commission’s Copernicus Earth Observation Programme. Sentinel-3 is a polar orbiting satellite that completes 14 orbits of the Earth a day. It carries the Ocean and Land Colour Instrument (OLCI) for medium resolution marine and terrestrial optical measurements, the Sea and Land Surface Temperature Radiometer (SLSTR), the SAR Radar Altimeter (SRAL), the MicroWave Radiometer (MWR) and the Precise Orbit Determination (POD) instruments. The satellite was launched in 2016 and entered routine operational phase in 201...

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Sentinel-5P Level 2

air qualityatmospherecogearth observationenvironmentalgeospatialsatellite imagerystacsustainability

This data set consists of observations from the Sentinel-5 Precursor (Sentinel-5P) satellite of the European Commission’s Copernicus Earth Observation Programme. Sentinel-5P is a polar orbiting satellite that completes 14 orbits of the Earth a day. It carries the TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI) which is a spectrometer that senses ultraviolet (UV), visible (VIS), near (NIR) and short wave infrared (SWIR) to monitor ozone, methane, formaldehyde, aerosol, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide and sulphur dioxide in the atmosphere. The satellite was launched in October 2017 and entered ro...

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Finnish Meteorological Institute Weather Radar Data

agricultureearth observationmeteorologicalsustainabilityweather

The up-to-date weather radar from the FMI radar network is available as Open Data. The data contain both single radar data along with composites over Finland in GeoTIFF and HDF5-formats. Available composite parameters consist of radar reflectivity (DBZ), rainfall intensity (RR), and precipitation accumulation of 1, 12, and 24 hours. Single radar parameters consist of radar reflectivity (DBZ), radial velocity (VRAD), rain classification (HCLASS), and Cloud top height (ETOP 20). Raw volume data from singe radars are also provided in HDF5 format with ODIM 2.3 conventions. Radar data becomes avail...

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Amazonia EO satellite on AWS

agriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationgeospatialimagingsatellite imagerystacsustainability

Imagery acquired by Amazonia-1 satellite. The image files are recorded and processed by Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE) and are converted to Cloud Optimized Geotiff format in order to optimize its use for cloud based applications. WFI Level 4 (Orthorectified) scenes are being ingested daily starting from 08-29-2022, the complete Level 4 archive will be ingested by the end of October 2022.

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Atmospheric Models from Météo-France

agricultureclimatedisaster responseearth observationenvironmentalmeteorologicalmodelweather

Global and high-resolution regional atmospheric models from Météo-France.

  • ARPEGE World covers the entire world at a base horizontal resolution of 0.5° (~55km) between grid points, it predicts weather out up to 114 hours in the future.
  • ARPEGE Europe covers Europe and North-Africa at a base horizontal resolution of 0.1° (~11km) between grid points, it predicts weather out up to 114 hours in the future.
  • AROME France covers France at a base horizontal resolution of 0.025° (~2.5km) between grid points, it predicts weather out up to 42 hours in the future.
  • AROME France HD covers France and neighborhood at a base horizontal resolution of 0.01° (~1.5km) between grid points, it predicts weather out up to 42 hours in the future.
Dozens of atmospheric variables are avail...

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Copernicus Digital Elevation Model (DEM)

agriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationelevationgeospatialsatellite imagerysustainability

The Copernicus DEM is a Digital Surface Model (DSM) which represents the surface of the Earth including buildings, infrastructure and vegetation. We provide two instances of Copernicus DEM named GLO-30 Public and GLO-90. GLO-90 provides worldwide coverage at 90 meters. GLO-30 Public provides limited worldwide coverage at 30 meters because a small subset of tiles covering specific countries are not yet released to the public by the Copernicus Programme. Note that in both cases ocean areas do not have tiles, there one can assume height values equal to zero. Data is provided as Cloud Optimized Ge...

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RAPID NRT Flood Maps

agriculturedisaster responseearth observationenvironmentalwater

Near Real-time and archival data of High-resolution (10 m) flood inundation dataset over the Contiguous United States, developed based on the Sentinel-1 SAR imagery (2016-current) archive, using an automated Radar Produced Inundation Diary (RAPID) algorithm.

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Retired – UK Met Office Atmospheric Deterministic and Probabilistic Forecasts

agricultureclimateearth observationmeteorologicalsustainabilityweather

As of the 13th July, no further Met Office forecasts or data will be available via this service.

Meteorological data reusers now have an exciting opportunity to sample, experiment and evaluate Met Office atmospheric model data, whilst also experiencing a transformative method of requesting data via Restful APIs on AWS.For information about the data see the Met Office website. For examples of using the data check out the examples repository. If you need help and support using the data please raise an issue on the examples repository. Please note: Met Office continuously improves and updates its...

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Sentinel-1 SLC dataset for South and Southeast Asia, Taiwan, Korea and Japan

disaster responseearth observationenvironmentalgeospatialsatellite imagerysustainabilitysynthetic aperture radar

The S1 Single Look Complex (SLC) dataset contains Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data in the C-Band wavelength. The SAR sensors are installed on a two-satellite (Sentinel-1A and Sentinel-1B) constellation orbiting the Earth with a combined revisit time of six days, operated by the European Space Agency. The S1 SLC data are a Level-1 product that collects radar amplitude and phase information in all-weather, day or night conditions, which is ideal for studying natural hazards and emergency response, land applications, oil spill monitoring, sea-ice conditions, and associated climate change effec...

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Analysis Ready Sentinel-1 Backscatter Imagery

agriculturecogdisaster responseearth observationenvironmentalgeospatialsatellite imagerystacsustainabilitysynthetic aperture radar

The Sentinel-1 mission is a constellation of C-band Synthetic Aperature Radar (SAR) satellites from the European Space Agency launched since 2014. These satellites collect observations of radar backscatter intensity day or night, regardless of the weather conditions, making them enormously valuable for environmental monitoring. These radar data have been processed from original Ground Range Detected (GRD) scenes into a Radiometrically Terrain Corrected, tiled product suitable for analysis. This product is available over the Contiguous United States (CONUS) since 2017 when Sentinel-1 data becam...

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CMIP6 GCMs downscaled using WRF

agricultureatmosphereclimateearth observationenvironmentalmodeloceanssimulationsweather

High-resolution historical and future climate simulations from 1980-2100

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Co-Produced Climate Data to Support California's Resilience Investments

atmosphereclimateclimate modelearth observationgeosciencegeospatialmeteorologicalsimulationsweatherzarr

Downscaled future and historical climate projections for California and her environs in support of California's Fifth Climate Assessment

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Crowdsourced Bathymetry

earth observationoceanssustainability

Community provided bathymetry data collected in collaboration with the International Hydrographic Organization.

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Defense Meteorology Satellite Program (DMSP) Auroral Particle Flux

earth observationgeospatialsolarspace weather

The United States Air Force (USAF) Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) SSJ precipitating particle instrument measures in-situ total flux and energy distribution of electrons and ions at low earth orbit. These precipitating particles are of interest for space weather operations and research, in part because they produce aurora during normal and very strong geomagnetic storms. This dataset contains both sensor-level raw data (as detailed in Redmon et al. 2017) and a high-level machine-learning-ready data product.

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Downscaled Climate Data for Alaska

agricultureclimatecoastalearth observationenvironmentalsustainabilityweather

This dataset contains historical and projected dynamically downscaled climate data for the State of Alaska and surrounding regions at 20km spatial resolution and hourly temporal resolution. Select variables are also summarized into daily resolutions. This data was produced using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model (Version 3.5). We downscaled both ERA-Interim historical reanalysis data (1979-2015) and both historical and projected runs from 2 GCM’s from the Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project 5 (CMIP5): GFDL-CM3 and NCAR-CCSM4 (historical run: 1970-2005 and RCP 8.5: 2006-2100).

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Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Species Occurrences

biodiversitybioinformaticsconservationearth observationlife sciences

The Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) is an international network and data infrastructure funded by the world's governments providing global data that document the occurrence of species. GBIF currently integrates datasets documenting over 1.6 billion species occurrences, growing daily. The GBIF occurrence dataset combines data from a wide array of sources including specimen-related data from natural history museums, observations from citizen science networks and environment recording schemes. While these data are constantly changing at GBIF.org, periodic snapshots are taken a...

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IDEAM - Colombian Radar Network

agricultureearth observationmeteorologicalnatural resourcesustainabilityweather

Historical and one-day delay data from the IDEAM radar network.

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Natural Earth

earth observationgeospatialglobalmappingpopulationtiles

Natural Earth is a public domain map dataset available at 1:10m, 1:50m, and 1:110 million scales. Featuring tightly integrated vector and raster data, with Natural Earth you can make a variety of visually pleasing, well-crafted maps with cartography or GIS software.

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New Jersey Statewide Digital Aerial Imagery Catalog

aerial imagerycogearth observationgeospatialimagingmapping

The New Jersey Office of GIS, NJ Office of Information Technology manages a series of 11 digital orthophotography and scanned aerial photo maps collected at various years ranging from 1930 to 2017. Each year’s worth of imagery are available as Cloud Optimized GeoTIFF (COG) files and some years are available as compressed MrSID and/or JP2 files. Additionally, each year of imagery is organized into a tile grid scheme covering the entire geography of New Jersey. Many years share the same tiling grid while others have unique grids as defined by the project at the time.

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SILAM Air Quality

air qualityclimateearth observationmeteorologicalsustainabilityweather

Air Quality is a global SILAM atmospheric composition and air quality forecast performed on a daily basis for > 100 species and covering the troposphere and the stratosphere. The output produces 3D concentration fields and aerosol optical thickness. The data are unique: 20km resolution for global AQ models is unseen worldwide.

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Sentinel-1 SLC dataset for Germany

disaster responseearth observationenvironmentalgeospatialsatellite imagerysustainabilitysynthetic aperture radar

The Sentinel1 Single Look Complex (SLC) unzipped dataset contains Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data from the European Space Agency’s Sentinel-1 mission. Different from the zipped data provided by ESA, this dataset allows direct access to individual swaths required for a given study area, thus drastically minimizing the storage and downloading time requirements of a project. Since the data is stored on S3, users can utilize the boto3 library and s3 get_object method to read the entire content of the object into the memory for processing, without actually having to download it. The Sentinel-1 ...

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Central Weather Bureau OpenData

climateearth observationearthquakessatellite imagerysustainabilityweather

Various kinds of weather raw data and charts from Central Weather Bureau.

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Cloud to Street - Microsoft Flood and Clouds Dataset

cogcomputer visiondeep learningearth observationfloodsgeospatialmachine learningsatellite imagerysynthetic aperture radar

This dataset consists of chips of Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 satellite data. Each Sentinel-1 chip contains a corresponding label for water and each Sentinel-2 chip contains a corresponding label for water and clouds. Data is stored in folders by a unique event identifier as the folder name. Within each event folder there are subfolders for Sentinel-1 (s1) and Sentinel-2 (s2) data. Each chip is contained in its own sub-folder with the folder name being the source image id, followed by a unique chip identifier consisting of a hyphenated set of 5 numbers. All bands of the satellite data, as well a...

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HIRLAM Weather Model

agricultureclimateearth observationmeteorologicalsustainabilityweather

HIRLAM (High Resolution Limited Area Model) is an operational synoptic and mesoscale weather prediction model managed by the Finnish Meteorological Institute.

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High Resolution Downscaled Climate Data for Southeast Alaska

agricultureclimatecoastalearth observationenvironmentalsustainabilityweather

This dataset contains historical and projected dynamically downscaled climate data for the Southeast region of the State of Alaska at 1 and 4km spatial resolution and hourly temporal resolution. Select variables are also summarized into daily resolutions. This data was produced using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model (Version 4.0). We downscaled both Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) historical reanalysis data (1980-2019) and both historical and projected runs from two GCM’s from the Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project 5 (CMIP5): GFDL-CM3 and NCAR-CCSM4 (historical ru...

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ISERV

earth observationenvironmentalgeospatialsatellite imagerysustainability

ISS SERVIR Environmental Research and Visualization System (ISERV) was a fully-automated prototype camera aboard the International Space Station that was tasked to capture high-resolution Earth imagery of specific locations at 3-7 frames per second. In the course of its regular operations during 2013 and 2014, ISERV's camera acquired images that can be used primaliry in use is environmental and disaster management.

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NOAA Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS) Network (NCN)

broadcast ephemerisContinuously Operating Reference Station (CORS)earth observationgeospatialGNSSGPSmappingNOAA CORS Network (NCN)post-processingRINEXsurvey

The NOAA Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS) Network (NCN), managed by NOAA/National Geodetic Survey (NGS), provide Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) data, supporting three dimensional positioning, meteorology, space weather, and geophysical applications throughout the United States. The NCN is a multi-purpose, multi-agency cooperative endeavor, combining the efforts of hundreds of government, academic, and private organizations. The stations are independently owned and operated. Each agency shares their GNSS/GPS carrier phase and code range measurements and station metadata with NGS, which are analyzed and distributed free of charge. ...

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NOAA National Bathymetric Source Data

bathymetryearth observationmarine navigationmodeloceansoceans

The National Bathymetric Source (NBS) project creates and maintains high-resolution bathymetry composed of the best available data. This project enables the creation of next-generation nautical charts while also providing support for modeling, industry, science, regulation, and public curiosity. Primary sources of bathymetry include NOAA and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers hydrographic surveys and topographic bathymetric (topo-bathy) lidar (light detection and ranging) data. Data submitted through the NOAA Office of Coast Survey’s external source data process are also included, with gaps...

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SMN Hi-Res Weather Forecast over Argentina

earth observationmeteorologicalnatural resourcesustainabilityweather

The Servicio Meteorológico Nacional de Argentina (SMN-Arg), the National Meteorological Service of Argentina, shares its deterministic forecasts generated with WRF 4.0 (Weather and Research Forecasting) initialized at 00 and 12 UTC every day.

This forecast includes some key hourly surface variables –2 m temperature, 2 m relative humidity, 10 m wind magnitude and direction, and precipitation–, along with other daily variables, minimum and maximum temperature.

The forecast covers Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay and parts of Bolivia and Brazil in a Lambert conformal projection, with 4 km
...

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iNaturalist Licensed Observation Images

biodiversitybioinformaticsconservationearth observationlife sciences

iNaturalist is a community science effort in which participants share observations of living organisms that they encounter and document with photographic evidence, location, and date. The community works together reviewing these images to identify these observations to species. This collection represents the licensed images accompanying iNaturalist observations.

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NASA Earth Exchange Global Daily Downscaled Projections (NEX-GDDP-CMIP6)

air temperatureclimateclimate modelclimate projectionsCMIP6cogearth observationenvironmentalglobalmodelNASA Center for Climate Simulation (NCCS)near-surface relative humiditynear-surface specific humiditynetcdfprecipitation

The NEX-GDDP-CMIP6 dataset is comprised of global downscaled climate scenarios derived from the General Circulation Model (GCM) runs conducted under the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) and across two of the four "Tier 1" greenhouse gas emissions scenarios known as Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs). The CMIP6 GCM runs were developed in support of the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC AR6). This dataset includes downscaled projections from ScenarioMIP model runs for which daily scenarios were produced and distributed...

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